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Chief of the General Staff of the Ethiopian National Defense Force
Incumbent
General Adem Mohammed

since 27 June 2019
Ministry of Defense
Reports to Minister of Defence
Appointer Prime Minister of Ethiopia

The Chief of the General Staff is the professional head of the Ethiopian National Defense Force. He is responsible for the administration and the operational control of the Ethiopian military. The post was briefly vacant since the death of Seare Mekonen, who was killed in a failed coup.[1] After Mekonen, General Adem Mohammed, former Ethiopian Air Force deputy head & UNISFA deputy force commander,[2] EAF head,[3] and briefly chief of the National Intelligence and Security Service,[4] was appointed as new CGS. The post has however usually been held by Ground Forces (Army) officers.

List of Chiefs[]

Ethiopian Empire (1941–1974)[]

Chief of Staff of the Imperial Ethiopian Armed Force Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Ref
?
Mulugeta Buli
Buli, MulugetaMajor general Mulugeta Buli
(1917–1960)
November 195619581–2 yearsArmy[5][6]
  • Lt. General Eyasu Mengesha (army)[6]
  • Lt. General Haile Baykedagen (army)[6]
  • Lt. General Assefa Ayane (air force)[6]
  • Lt. General Wolde Selassie Bereka (army)[6]

Derg (1974–1987)[]

Chief of Staff Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Ref
?
Aman Andom
Andom, AmanLieutenant General Aman Andom
(1924–1974)
12 September 197417 November 1974 †66 daysArmy[6]
?
Merid Negussie
Negussie, MeridMajor General Merid Negussie
(1924–1974)
1980January 19810–1 yearsKebur Zabagna[6]
?
Addis Tedla
Tedla, AddisLt. General Addis Tedla???Air force[6]

People's Democratic Republic (1987–1991)[]

Chief of Staff Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch Ref
1
Merid Negussie
Negussie, MeridMajor General Merid Negussie
(1934–1989)
22 February 198718 May 1989 †2 years, 85 daysKebur Zabagna[6][7]
2
Addis Tedla
Tedla, AddisLieutenant general Addis Tedla26 May 198928 May 19912 years, 2 daysAir force[6][8][9]

Federal Democratic Republic (1991–present)[]

Chief of Staff Took office Left office Time in office Ref
1
Tsadkan Gebretensae
Gebretensae, TsadkanLieutenant general Tsadkan Gebretensae28 May 199120019–10 years[10][11]
2
Samora Yunis
Yunis, SamoraGeneral Samora Yunis
(born c. 1949)
20017 June 201816–17 years[10]
3
Seare Mekonen
Mekonen, SeareGeneral Seare Mekonen
(?–2019)
7 June 201822 June 2019 †1 year, 15 days[1][10]
4
Adem Mohammed
Mohammed, AdemGeneral Adem Mohammed27 June 2019Incumbent2 years, 110 days[12]

References[]

Citations[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Ethiopia army chief shot dead in 'coup bid' attacks". 23 June 2019. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-48734572. Retrieved 23 June 2019. 
  2. Ethiopia's Role and Foreign Policy in the Horn of Africa - jstor by B Mesfin - 2012
  3. Africa Confidential, Vol 59 No 9 Abiy tests the military.
  4. Africa Confidential, "Push-ups and Makeovers", Vol 59 No 21, 26th October 2018.
  5. Shinn, David H.; Ofcansky, Thomas P.. Historical Dictionary of Ethiopia (2nd ed.). Scarecrow Press. p. 295. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 6.9 Ginbot 7 2010, p. 6. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTEGinbot 72010" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTEGinbot 72010" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTEGinbot 72010" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTEGinbot 72010" defined multiple times with different content Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "FOOTNOTEGinbot 72010" defined multiple times with different content
  7. "Merid Negussie". http://www.meridnegussie.com/merid-negussie.html. Retrieved 23 June 2019. 
  8. Battiata, Mary (26 May 1989). "Ethiopia Appoints New Generals, Puts Down Student Protest". https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1989/05/26/ethiopia-appoints-new-generals-puts-down-student-protest/fb82c080-74a1-4a96-b41b-b00bd4733983/?noredirect=on. Retrieved 23 June 2019. 
  9. Abebe, Andualem (26 May 1989). "Ethiopian Leader Names New Armed Forces Chiefs". https://www.apnews.com/fca95ae0a0736b730b644f71dbe56bbd. Retrieved 23 June 2019. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Fantahun, Arefaynie (7 June 2018). "Seare Mekonnen Named Ethiopian Military’s Chief of Staff". https://www.ethiopiaobserver.com/2018/06/07/ethiopia-names-new-army-chief-of-staff/. Retrieved 6 August 2018. 
  11. Giorgis, Andebrhan Welde (2014). Eritrea at a Crossroads: A Narrative of Triumph, Betrayal and Hope. Strategic Book Publishing & Rights Agency, LLC. p. 526. ISBN 978-1628573312. https://books.google.dk/books?id=CzlEAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA526&lpg=PA526&dq=Tsadkan+Gebretensae+2001&source=bl&ots=-9vzD7J_zT&sig=SbEWthkMM-eVseEMgoMBK-pNOSo&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwidrKnugtvcAhUMEVAKHc0tC40Q6AEwA3oECAcQAQ#v=onepage&q=Tsadkan%20Gebretensae%202001&f=false. Retrieved 7 August 2018. 
  12. "Ethiopia PM names new army chief, Adem Mohammed". 28 June 2019. https://www.africanews.com/2019/06/28/ethiopia-pm-names-new-army-chief-adem-mohammed/. Retrieved 30 June 2019. 

Bibliography[]


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