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The Chief of the Staff of the French Army (French language: Chef d'État-Major de l'Armée de Terre, CEMAT) is the professional head of the French Army. The current Chief of Staff of the French Army has been General Bertrand Ract-Madoux since September, 1st 2011. The CEMAT title has been in use since 1962; prior to that the position for the general in charge of France's land forces was referred to as Chef d'État-Major de l'Armée.[1] The modern form of a general staff for the French Army emerged in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, with Louis Alexandre Berthier being Chief-of-Staff for the Grand État-Major Général (Army General Headquarters) of Napoleon's Grand Armée.

French Army Chiefs of StaffEdit

Chef d'État-Major de l'ArméeEdit

1870-1914

First World War

In times of war, the army chief of staff took charge of general headquarters (GQG: Grand Quartier Général). During the First World War, the leader of the French armies was variously referred to as supreme general (generalissimo) or commander-in-chief. In the closing years of the war, the establishment of the Supreme War Council in 1917 led to overall command being held by French general Ferdinand Foch, and by mid-1918 French army chief Pétain was subordinate to Foch.

1918-1939

Second World War

  • Emile Bethouarl (1944)[8]
  • Georges Revers (1946–1949)[9]

1945-1962

  • Paul Henri Romuald Ely (1954)[10]

Chef d'État-Major de l'Armée de TerreEdit

  • Louis Le Puloch (18 July 1962 to 2 April 1965)[11]
  • Emile Cantarel (3 April 1965 to 31 March 1971)[12]
  • Alain de Boissieu (May 1971 – February 1975)[13]
  • Jean Lagarde (1975– 4 September 1980)[14]
  • Jean Delaunay (4 September 1980 – 10 March 1983)[15]
  • René Imbot (10 March 1983 – 1985)[15]
  • Maurice Schmitt (1985–1987)[16]
  • Gilbert Forray (1987–1991)[17]
  • Amédée-Marc Monchal (1991–1996)[18]
  • Philippe Mercier (1996–1999)
  • Yves Crene (1999–2002)[19]
  • Bernard Thorette (2 September 2002 – 15 July 2006)[20]
  • Bruno Cuche (16 July 2006 – 1 July 2008)[21]
  • Elrick Irastorza (2 July 2008 – 31 August 2011)[22]
  • Bertrand Ract-Madoux (1 September 2011 – )

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Zeller, André (1974). Dialogues avec un général. Presses de la Cité. p. 14. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=yPTEPN_OJW0C. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "L'armée française (1871-1914): Les chef de l'Etat major général". Military photos.com. http://www.military-photos.com/index-armee.htm. Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  3. Tucker, Spencer; Mary Roberts, Priscilla (2005). World War I: encyclopedia, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. pp. 616–617. http://books.google.com/books?id=2YqjfHLyyj8C&pg=PA616&dq=%22Joseph+Joffre%22+French+Army+Chief+of+Staff&hl=en&ei=r0smTv-7IdDYiAKLm_XlCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&sqi=2&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Joseph%20Joffre%22%20French%20Army%20Chief%20of%20Staff&f=false. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (2001). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press. ISBN 1-85410-766-6. 
  5. "French Members of Arms Parley Are Now On Scene". 8 November 1921. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/ajc_historic/access/516557352.html?dids=516557352:516557352&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&date=Nov+08%2C+1921&author=&pub=The+Atlanta+Constitution&desc=FRENCH+MEMBERS+OF+ARMS+PARLEY+ARE+NOW+ON+SCENE&pqatl=google. Retrieved 9 July 2011. 
  6. "MACARTHUR RECEIVES HIGH FRENCH HONOR; Chief of Staff of Our Army Is Made Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor". 17 September 1931. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F50811F9385D1B7A93C5A81782D85F458385F9. Retrieved 9 July 2011. 
  7. Taylor, Telford (1980). Munich: the price of peace. Vintage Books. p. 728. http://books.google.com/books?id=h9xmAAAAMAAJ&q=%22French+Army+Chief+of+Staff%22+%22Colson&dq=%22French+Army+Chief+of+Staff%22+%22Colson&hl=en&ei=zE8mTrurBOrkiALu5tHmCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 
  8. Paul W. Ward (5 July 1944). "De Gaulle Visit To Cover 5 Days". http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/baltsun/access/1683731762.html?FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:AI&type=historic&date=Jul+05%2C+1944&author=&pub=The+Sun+(1837-1985)&desc=De+Gaulle+Visit+To+Cover+5+Days&pqatl=google. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  9. M. Johnston, Andrew (2005). Hegemony and culture in the origins of NATO nuclear first-use, 1945–1955. Macmillan Publishers. p. 73. http://books.google.com/books?id=hg1Nkgt83EQC&pg=PA73&dq=%22French+Army+Chief+of+Staff%22+%22Georges+Revers%22&hl=en&ei=P00mTraWDcbYiALp0vzvCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22French%20Army%20Chief%20of%20Staff%22%20%22Georges%20Revers%22&f=false. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 
  10. Bruce Frankum, Ronald (2007). Operation Passage to Freedom: the United States Navy in Vietnam, 1954–1955. Texas Tech University Press. p. 7. http://books.google.com/books?id=LQOXOLITjAkC&pg=PA7&dq=%22French+Army+Chief+of+Staff%22+%22Paul+Henri+Romuald%22&hl=en&ei=VU4mToDlEbTViALjq8XgCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22French%20Army%20Chief%20of%20Staff%22%20%22Paul%20Henri%20Romuald%22&f=false. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 
  11. A. Beer, Francis; Mershon Center for Education in National Security (1969). Integration and disintegration in NATO: processes of alliance cohesion and prospects for Atlantic community. Ohio State University Press. p. 91. http://books.google.com/books?id=TfpCAAAAIAAJ&q=%22Louis+Le+Puloch%22+French+Army+Chief+of+Staff&dq=%22Louis+Le+Puloch%22+French+Army+Chief+of+Staff&hl=en&ei=qkomTp29D8XniAL9xv3_CQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDIQ6AEwAQ. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 
  12. "Parliamentary approval of Defence Programme". Keesing's Worldwide, LLC. August, 1965. pp. 20921. http://www.keesings.com/search?kssp_selected_tab=article&kssp_a_id=20921n01fra. Retrieved 11 July 2011. 
  13. Institute for the Study of Conflict (1974). Annual of power and conflict. p. 14. http://books.google.com/books?id=pxWPAAAAMAAJ&q=%22Chief+of+Staff+of+the+French+Army%22+%22Boissieu%22&dq=%22Chief+of+Staff+of+the+French+Army%22+%22Boissieu%22&hl=en&ei=tEEaTu3TM4XViAKAr5nSBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CDsQ6AEwBA. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  14. "French General Chief of Staff". 4 September 1980. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=TYgwAAAAIBAJ&sjid=UeAFAAAAIBAJ&pg=5507,1399654&dq=chief-of-staff-of-the-french-army+lagarde&hl=en. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 John Vinocur (10 March 1983). "French general ousted for disputing cutback". http://www.nytimes.com/1983/03/10/world/french-general-ousted-for-disputing-cutback.html. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  16. "France and Vietnam: Turning a page in history". 11 February 1993. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/orlandosentinel/access/77520025.html?dids=77520025:77520025&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Feb+11%2C+1993&author=&pub=Orlando+Sentinel&desc=FRANCE+AND+VIETNAM%3A+TURNING+A+PAGE+IN+HISTORY&pqatl=google. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  17. Wetterqvist, Fredrik (1990). French security and defence policy: current developments and future prospects. DIANE Publishing. p. 45. http://books.google.com/books?id=mrpI1pIbm6oC&pg=PA45&dq=%22Chief+of+Staff+of+the+French+Army%22+%22Forray%22&hl=en&ei=aCcaTqT3BqjliALB5djRBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CC0Q6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=%22Chief%20of%20Staff%20of%20the%20French%20Army%22%20%22Forray%22&f=false. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  18. "French officials collect compatriots". 24 April 1995. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=AK&s_site=ohio&p_multi=AK&p_theme=realcities&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EB631B339CB4EE5&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  19. Neil Baumgardner (20 March 2000). "Britain, France, Germany, Italy respond to Army vehicle request". http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-60476015.html. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  20. "French army chief of staff visits Morocco for exchange of expertise". 5 March 2004. http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=NewsLibrary&p_multi=BBAB&d_place=BBAB&p_theme=newslibrary2&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=101276633AD463C4&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  21. Katrin Bennhold (1 July 2008). "French Army chief resigns over shooting accident". http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/01/world/europe/01iht-shoot.4.14138608.html. Retrieved 9 July 2011. 
  22. Rocco DeFilippis (4 December 2009). "Commandant of the Marine Corps awarded French Legion of Honour by French Army Chief of Staff". United States Marine Corps. http://www.marines.mil/unit/marforeur/Pages/CommandantoftheMarineCorpsawardedFrenchLegionofHonourbyFrenchArmyChiefofStaff.aspx. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 

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