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{{Infobox military conflict |conflict= Chola incident |partof= |casus= Indian: People's Liberation Army invade into Indian territory in Sikkim[1] |image= India Sikkim locator map.svg |caption=The 1967 Sino-Indian skirmish occurred between the two Asian giants, China and India. |date= 1 October — 10 October 1967 |place= Chola, Sikkim |territory= |result= Indian victory |combatant1= Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China |combatant2= Flag of India.svg India |commander1= Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Mao Zedong |commander2= Flag of India.svg Zakir Hussain]]
[[File:Flag of India.svg|22px K.B. Joshi |strength1= |strength2= |casualties1= 300 killed
450 wounded [2] |casualties2= 88 killed, 163 wounded [2][3] |notes= }}

The 1967 Sino-Indian skirmish also known as the Chola incident, was a military conflict between Indian troops and members of the Chinese People's Liberation Army in Sikkim, who had infiltrated the area on 1 October. On 10 October, once again both sides had the conflict, the Defence Minister of India, Sardar Swaran Singh addressed that government is looking after the developments across the borders. During whole conflict Indian losses were 88 killed, and 163 wounded, while Chinese casualties were 300 killed and 450 wounded in Nathula, and 40 in Chola.[2] The end of the battle saw the People's Liberation Army retreat from Sikkim.

Location[edit | edit source]

The conflict occurred in Sikkim, which later became a state of India in 1975. India was responsible for the defense of Sikkim which was a protectorate at that time. The region is one of high altitudes and thus mountainous maneuvers were crucial in battle. Early Chinese positions in regions of higher altitudes would thus have provided them with an advantage. To reclaim high ground would generally require a higher ratio of attackers to defenders.

Background[edit | edit source]

China has claimed that the McMahon Line created by Britain in NEFA was illegal. China eventually recognized Sikkim as an Indian state in 2003, on the condition that India accepted Tibet Autonomous Region as a part of China.[4] This mutual agreement led to a thaw in Sino-Indian relations.[5]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named BR
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Rapprochement Across the Himalayas: Emerging India-China Relations Post Cold"[1] p. 40
  3. "India-China relations", by Bidanda M. Chengappa, p. 63
  4. BBC News: India and China agree over Tibet
  5. Baruah, Amit (2005-04-12). "China backs India's bid for U.N. Council seat". The Hindu. http://www.hindu.com/2005/04/12/stories/2005041210160100.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-17. 

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