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Clarence Adams
Born (1930-01-01)January 1, 1930
Died 1999
Place of birth Memphis, Tennessee
Place of death Pyongyang, North Korea
Allegiance United States (1947–1950)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China (1950–1957; defector)
Service/branch United States Department of the Army Seal United States Army
Years of service 1947–1950 (defected)
Rank Army-USA-OR-04a Corporal

Clarence Adams was an African-American GI during the Korean War. He was captured on November 29, 1950, when the People's Liberation Army overran his all-black artillery unit's position. Adams was held as a POW until the end of the war. Instead of returning to the United States during Operation Big Switch, Adams was one of 21 American soldiers who chose to settle in the People's Republic of China.[1] As a result of their decision, these 21 Americans were considered defectors.

Early lifeEdit

Adams grew up poor in Memphis, Tennessee.[2] He dropped out of high school and joined the U.S. Army in 1947, at the age of 17.[3]

Korean WarEdit

After basic training Adams became an infantry machine gunner. He travelled to Korea shortly after the war between North and South erupted in June 1950 and was posted to Battery A of the 503rd Artillery Regiment, attached to the 2nd Infantry Division. This was his second tour in Korea, as he had first been posted there in 1948.[2]

CaptureEdit

Prisoner of WarEdit

DefectionEdit

Life in ChinaEdit

Return to the United StatesEdit

Later yearsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Adams, Clarence (June 6, 2007). An American Dream: The Life of an African American Soldier and POW Who Spent Twelve Years in Communist China. University of Massachusetts Press. ISBN 978-1558495951. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Gillam, James. "A POW's Return to America". http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=14483. 
  3. "An American Dream: The Life of an African American Soldier and POW Who Spent Twelve Years in Communist China". http://www.amazon.com/An-American-Dream-African-Communist/dp/1558495959. 

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