|Clasp to the Iron Cross|
Spange zum Eisernen Kreuz
1939 Clasp 1st Class (top) to the 1914 Iron Cross 1st Class (bottom). 1939 Clasp 2nd Class on ribbon.
|Awarded by Nazi Germany|
|Eligibility||Military personnel who had already received the Iron Cross (1914) for bravery in battle as well as other military contributions in a battlefield environment.|
|Campaign||World War II|
|Established||1 September 1939|
Clasps to the 1914 Iron Cross can be seen below a button on the Iron Cross ribbon (Second Class) and on the left breast pocket (First Class) of the tunic of Generaloberst Johannes Friessner
The Clasp to the Iron Cross (Spange zum Eisernen Kreuz) was a metal medal clasp displayed on the uniforms of German Wehrmacht personnel who had been awarded the Iron Cross in World War I. It was displayed on the uniforms of many high-ranking officers during World War II as most had also served in World War I.
As it was possible for a holder of the 1914 Iron Cross to be awarded a second or higher grade of the 1939 Iron Cross. A "1939 Clasp" (Spange) would be worn on the original 1914 Iron Cross. It depicted an eagle clutching an oak leaf wreath surrounding a swastika above a trapezoid including the year 1939. It was attached to the 1914 Iron Cross medal ribbon beneath a tunic button. (A similar award was made in 1914 but was quite rare, since there were few in service who held the 1870 Iron Cross.) 
For the First Class award the clasp was pinned directly above the Iron Cross on the breast of the wearer. Although two separate awards, in some cases the holders soldered them together.
References[edit | edit source]
- "Iron Cross". wehrmacht-awards.com. http://www.wehrmacht-awards.com/iron_cross/2nd_1st_class/spange/spange.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
- "Iron Cross 2nd Class". wehrmacht-awards.com. http://www.wehrmacht-awards.com/iron_cross/2nd_1st_class/2_1_documents_cases/cases.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-28.
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