A typical 'Crimea gunboat'
|Preceded by:||Cheerful class|
|Succeeded by:||Algerine class|
|In commission:||1856 – 1871|
|General characteristics |
|Tons burthen:||232 80⁄94 tons bm|
110 ft (34 m) (gundeck)|
95 ft 5.25 in (29.0894 m) (keel)
|Beam:||21 ft 10 in (6.65 m)|
|Draught:||4 ft 0 in (1.22 m)|
|Depth of hold:||6 ft 7 in (2.01 m)|
40 nominal horsepower|
(Woodcock 145 ihp (108 kW))
|Speed:||7.5 kn (13.9 km/h)|
|Armament:||1 × 68-pounder, 1 × 32-pounder SBML guns|
The Clown class gunboat was a class of twelve gunboats ordered by the Royal Navy in January 1856 for use in the Crimean War, although by the time they were completed, later that year, the Crimean War was over and some of these gunboats were sent to the Far East and took part in the Second Opium War.
Design[edit | edit source]
The Clown class was an improved version of the preceding Cheerful class designed by W.H. Walker. The ships were wooden-hulled, with steam power as well as sails, and of particularly shallow draught (design draught 4 ft (1.2 m)) for coastal bombardment in shallow waters.
Sail plan[edit | edit source]
Propulsion[edit | edit source]
One-cylinder horizontal direct-acting single-expansion steam engine built by John Penn and Sons, with two boilers, provided 40 nominal horsepower through a single screw, sufficient for 7.5 knots (13.9 km/h; 8.6 mph).
Armament[edit | edit source]
Ships[edit | edit source]
|Fenella||W & H Pitcher, Northfleet||19 May 1856||Became a dredger at Woolwich in March 1867, renamed YC3 in 1868. Broken up on 14 November 1878|
|Garnet||W & H Pitcher, Northfleet||31 May 1856||Breaking completed 25 May 1864|
|Handy||W & H Pitcher, Northfleet||31 May 1856||Sold at Lagos in May 1868|
|Hunter||W & H Pitcher, Northfleet||7 June 1856||Only partially fitted, never completed for sea. On the sale list in June 1869 but not sold till 1884|
|Drake||Pembroke Dockyard||8 March 1856||Sold at Hong Kong on 9 February 1869|
|Janus||Pembroke Dockyard||8 March 1856||Coal lighter December 1869, renamed YC.6. Sold in 1871|
|Clown||William Cowley Miller, Toxteth Dock, Liverpool||20 May 1856||Became coal lighter YC.1 at Hong Kong in 1867. Renamed YC.6 in December 1869. Wrecked in a typhoon at Hong Kong on 2 September 1871|
|Kestrel||William Cowley Miller, Toxteth Dock, Liverpool||26 May 1856||Sunk at the Battle of Taku Forts in June 1859, but salved. Sold on 16 March 1866 to Glover & Co., Yokohama, then resold to Japanese owners|
|Ready||Briggs & Company, Sunderland||12 May 1856||Fitted for reserve. Breaking completed on 25 January 1864|
|Thrush||Briggs & Company, Sunderland||12 May 1856||Breaking completed on 14 March 1864|
|Watchful||T & W Smith, North Shields||4 June 1856||Sold at Hong Kong on 1 February 1871|
|Woodcock||T & W Smith, North Shields||6 June 1856||Sold at Hong Kong on 1 February 1871|
References[edit | edit source]
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Winfield, Rif; Lyon, David (2004). The Sail and Steam Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy 1815–1889. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-032-6. OCLC 52620555.
- Winfield, p.229–230
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