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Commander of the Canadian Army
and Chief of the Army Staff
Type Commissioned Officer
Status Currently constituted
Abbreviation CCA

The Commander of the Canadian Army is the institutional head of the Canadian Army. This appointment also includes the title Chief of the Army Staff and is based at National Defence Headquarters in Ottawa, Ontario.

History of the positionEdit

The appointment was entitled General Officer Commanding the Canadian Militia from 1875 to 1904 when the withdrawal of British forces from Canada took place.[1] It was then called Chief of the General Staff from 1904 until 1964 when the position was abolished just prior to the unification of Canada's military forces.[2] The appointment was entitled Commander of Mobile Command from 1965-1993 and Chief of the Land Staff from 1993-2011.[3] In 2011 Land Force Command was renamed the Canadian Army at which time the appointment was renamed to its present incarnation.[4]

CommandersEdit

General Officer Commanding the Canadian Militia
  1. Lieutenant-General Sir E.S. Smyth 1875-1880
  2. Major-General R.G.A. Luard 1880-1884
  3. Major-General Sir F.D. Middleton 1884-1890
  4. Major General The Rt Hon Lord Treowen 1890-1895
  5. Major-General Sir W.J. Gascoigne 1895-1898
  6. Major-General Sir E.T.H. Hutton 1898-1900
  7. Major-General R.H.O. Haly 1900-1902
  8. Major-General The Rt Hon Earl of Dundonald 1902-1904
Chief of the General Staff
  1. Major-General Sir P.H.N. Lake 1904-1908
  2. Major-General Sir W.D. Otter 1908-1910
  3. Major General Sir C.J. Mackenzie 1910-1913
  4. Major-General Sir W.G. Gwatkin 1913-1919
  5. General Sir A.W. Currie 1919-1920*
  6. Major-General Sir J.H. MacBrien 1920-1927
  7. Major-General H.C. Thacker 1927-1928
  8. Major-General A.G.L. McNaughton 1929-1935
  9. Major-General E.C. Ashton 1935-1938
  10. Major-General T.V. Anderson 1938-1940
  11. Lieutenant-General H.D.G. Crerar 1940-1941
  12. Lieutenant-General K. Stuart 1941-1943
  13. Lieutenant-General J.C. Murchie 1944-1945[5]
  14. Lieutenant-General C. Foulkes 1945-1951
  15. Lieutenant-General G.G. Simonds 1951-1955[6]
  16. Lieutenant-General H.D. Graham 1955-1958[7]
  17. Lieutenant-General S.F. Clark 1958-1961
  18. Lieutenant-General G. Walsh 1961-1964
  • The position of Chief of the General Staff was renamed "Inspector-General and Military Counsellor" between 1919 and 1920.
Commander of Mobile Command
  1. Lieutenant-General J.V. Allard 1965–1966[8]
  2. Lieutenant-General W. Anderson 1966–1969[9]
  3. Lieutenant-General G. Turcot 1969–1972[10]
  4. Lieutenant General W. Milroy 1972–1973[11]
  5. Lieutenant-General S. Waters 1973–1975[12]
  6. Lieutenant-General J. Chouinard 1975–1977[13]
  7. Lieutenant General J.J. Paradis 1977–1981[14]
  8. Lieutenant-General C.H. Belzile 1981–1986[15]
  9. Lieutenant-General J. Fox 1986–1989[16]
  10. Lieutenant General K. Foster 1989–1991[17]
  11. Lieutenant-General J. Gervais 1991–1993[18]
Chief of the Land Staff
  1. Lieutenant-General G. Reay 1993-1996
  2. Lieutenant-General M. Baril 1996-1997
  3. Lieutenant General W. Leach 1997-2000
  4. Lieutenant-General M. Jeffery 2000-2003
  5. Lieutenant-General R. Hillier 2003-2005
  6. Lieutenant-General M. Caron 2005-2006
  7. Lieutenant-General A. Leslie 2006-2010
  8. Lieutenant-General P. Devlin 2010-2011
Chief of the Army Staff and Commander of the Canadian Army
  1. Lieutenant-General P. Devlin 2011-2013
  2. Lieutenant-General M. Hainse 2013 to present

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

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