A commemorative plaque, or simply plaque, is a plate of metal, ceramic, stone, wood, or other material, typically attached to a wall, stone, or other vertical surface, and bearing text or an image in relief, or both, in memory of one or more persons, an event, a former use of the place, or some other thing. A monumental plaque or tablet commemorating a deceased person or persons, can be a simple form of church monument. Most modern plaques affixed in this way are commemorative of something, but this is not always the case, and there are purely religious plaques, or those signifying ownership or affiliation of some sort. A plaquette is a small plaque, but in English, unlike many European languages, the term is not typically used for outdoor plaques fixed to walls.
World War I
After the First World War, the families of British and British Empire (now Commonwealth) service men and women killed during the conflict were presented with bronze Memorial Plaques. The plaques, of about 125 millimetres (4.9 in) in diameter, were designed by the eminent sculptor and medallist, Edward Carter Preston.
In England, the London blue plaques scheme, which is administered by English Heritage, has been running for over 140 years and is thought to be the oldest of its kind in the world. Plaques are attached to buildings to commemorate their association with important occupants or events.
A range of other commemorative plaque schemes, which are typically run by local councils and charitable bodies, exists throughout the United Kingdom. These tend to use their own criteria for determining the eligibility to put up a plaque. A list of schemes currently operating in England is available on the English Heritage website.
As the price of scrap metal has increased plaques have been the target of metal thieves wishing to resell the metal for cash.
Plaques or, more often, plaquettes, are also given as awards instead of trophies or ribbons. Such plaques usually bear text describing the reason for the award and, often, the date of the award.
- Parting stone
- Blue plaque
- "History of the Blue Plaques Scheme". http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/discover/blue-plaques/about/history/. Retrieved 30 July 2012.
- Hightower, Eve (13 December 2007). "Stanislaus supervisor wants recycling ordinance used to fight metal theft regionally". The Modesto Bee. http://www.modbee.com/local/story/150813.html. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Plaques.|
- History of the First World War bronze memorial plaques
- WW I memorial plaques history
- Gallery of Commemorative Plaques carved by lettercutter Ieuan Rees
- Blue Plaque Scheme: English Heritage
- Open Plaques - register of commemorative plaques in UK and elsewhere
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|