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{{Infobox former country
 
|conventional_long_name = Committee of Members of the Constituent Assembly
 
|native_name = Комитет членов Учредительного собрания<br/>''Komitet chlenov Uchreditelnogo sobraniya''
 
|common_name = Samara Constituent Assembly
 
|continent = Europe
 
|region = Ural
 
|p1 = Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
 
|flag_p1 = Flag RSFSR 1918.svg
 
|s1 = Provisional All-Russian Government
 
|flag_s1 = Kolchak (blason).jpg
 
|image_flag = Flag of the Ural government (1918).svg
 
|image_coat =
 
|image_map = |image_map_caption
 
|capital = [[Samara, Russia|Samara]]
 
|common_languages = Russian
 
|government_type = Republic
 
|title_leader = Chairman
 
|leader1 = Vladimir Volsky
 
|era = Russian Civil War
 
|date_start = June 8
 
|year_start = 1918
 
|date_end = November 3
 
|year_end = 1918
 
}}
 
 
[[File:Komuch small.jpg|thumb|right|405px|Initial members of the Committee.<br/>From left to right: Ivan Brushvit, Prokopiy Klimushkin, Boris Fortunatov, Vladimir Volsky&nbsp;(chairman) and Ivan Nesterov.]]
 
[[File:Komuch small.jpg|thumb|right|405px|Initial members of the Committee.<br/>From left to right: Ivan Brushvit, Prokopiy Klimushkin, Boris Fortunatov, Vladimir Volsky&nbsp;(chairman) and Ivan Nesterov.]]
   
The '''Committee of Members of the Constituent Assembly''' ({{lang-ru|Комитет членов Учредительного собрания (Комуч)}}, ''‍'''Kom'''itet chlenov '''uch'''reditelnogo sobraniya'' or "'''''Komuch'''''") was a [[Democracy|democratic]] [[counterrevolution]]ary government that existed in [[Samara, Russia]] during the [[Russian Civil War]]. It was formed on June 8, 1918 after the [[Czech Legion]] had occupied the city.
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The '''Committee of Members of the Constituent Assembly''' ({{lang-ru|Комитет членов Учредительного собрания (Комуч)}}, ''‍'''Kom'''itet chlenov '''uch'''reditelnogo sobraniya'' or "'''''Komuch'''''") was a democratic [[counterrevolution]]ary government that existed in Samara, Russia during the [[Russian Civil War]]. It was formed on June 8, 1918 after the [[Czech Legion]] had occupied the city.
   
''Komuch'' proclaimed itself the highest authority in [[Russia]], temporarily acting on behalf of the [[Russian Constituent Assembly]] in the territory occupied by the [[Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War|interventionists]] and the [[White Movement]] until the convocation of a new Assmebly. Initially, ''Komuch'' consisted of five [[Party of Socialists-Revolutionaries|Socialist-Revolutionaries]]{{spaced ndash}}Vladimir Volsky (chairman), Ivan Brushvit, Prokopiy Klimushkin, Boris Fortunatov and Ivan Nesterov){{spaced ndash}}former members of the Constituent Assembly that had been dissolved by the Bolsheviks. Two other members, N. Shmelev and V. Abramov, are named in a declaration issued by ''Komuch'' that reinstated freedoms and set forth fundamental principles.<ref>Ronald I. Kowalski, ''The Russian Revolution 1917-1921'', p. 116.</ref> Its [[Executive (government)|executive body]] was the "Council of Department Heads" led by Yevgeny Rogovsky.
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''Komuch'' proclaimed itself the highest authority in [[Russia]], temporarily acting on behalf of the Russian Constituent Assembly in the territory occupied by the [[Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War|interventionists]] and the [[White Movement]] until the convocation of a new Assmebly. Initially, ''Komuch'' consisted of five [[Party of Socialists-Revolutionaries|Socialist-Revolutionaries]]{{spaced ndash}}Vladimir Volsky (chairman), Ivan Brushvit, Prokopiy Klimushkin, Boris Fortunatov and Ivan Nesterov){{spaced ndash}}former members of the Constituent Assembly that had been dissolved by the Bolsheviks. Two other members, N. Shmelev and V. Abramov, are named in a declaration issued by ''Komuch'' that reinstated freedoms and set forth fundamental principles.<ref>Ronald I. Kowalski, ''The Russian Revolution 1917-1921'', p. 116.</ref> Its executive body was the "Council of Department Heads" led by Yevgeny Rogovsky.
   
 
The Committee grew in size as members, mainly Socialist-Revolutionaries, of the former Constituent Assembly travelled to Samara. By the end of September 1918, it numbered 96 members.
 
The Committee grew in size as members, mainly Socialist-Revolutionaries, of the former Constituent Assembly travelled to Samara. By the end of September 1918, it numbered 96 members.
   
Having seized power with the help of the Czech Legion, ''Komuch'' announced the "reinstatement" of various democratic [[Freedom (political)|freedoms]]. An eight-hour working day was established and [[Factory committee|plant and factory committee]]s (''fabzavkomy'', from "fab''richno-''zav''odskiye'' kom''itety''") and [[trade union]]s were permitted, as were conferences and congresses of workers and peasants. [[Soviet (council)|Soviet]] decrees were [[Repeal|abrogated]] and all industry and financial establishments returned to their former owners, along with the freedom to pursue [[private enterprise]]. City dumas, [[Zemstvo|zemstva]] and other municipal institutions were also reinstated.
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Having seized power with the help of the Czech Legion, ''Komuch'' announced the "reinstatement" of various democratic [[Freedom (political)|freedoms]]. An eight-hour working day was established and [[Factory committee|plant and factory committee]]s (''fabzavkomy'', from "fab''richno-''zav''odskiye'' kom''itety''") and trade unions were permitted, as were conferences and congresses of workers and peasants. [[Soviet (council)|Soviet]] decrees were [[Repeal|abrogated]] and all industry and financial establishments returned to their former owners, along with the freedom to pursue [[private enterprise]]. City dumas, [[Zemstvo|zemstva]] and other municipal institutions were also reinstated.
   
Paying lip service to the [[socialization]] of land, ''Komuch'' provided landowners with an opportunity to recover their confiscated lands from peasants and harvest the [[winter crop]]s of 1917. Expeditions were sent to the rural areas of Russia to protect landowners, [[kulak]]s and their property and, later, to [[Mobilization|mobilize]] the [[People's Army of Komuch]] (the "People's Army").
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Paying lip service to the socialization of land, ''Komuch'' provided landowners with an opportunity to recover their confiscated lands from peasants and harvest the [[winter crop]]s of 1917. Expeditions were sent to the rural areas of Russia to protect landowners, [[kulak]]s and their property and, later, to [[Mobilization|mobilize]] the [[People's Army of Komuch]] (the "People's Army").
   
From June to August 1918, ''Komuch''‍'s influence spread from Samara into the provinces of [[Simbirsk]], [[Kazan]], [[Ufa]] and [[Saratov]]. In September, however, the People's Army suffered a number of defeats by the Soviet [[Red Army]] and withdrew from much of the territory. By early November, peasants had begun to grow wary of ''Komuch'''s counterrevolutionary nature and began organizing occasional resistance.
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From June to August 1918, ''Komuch''‍'s influence spread from Samara into the provinces of [[Simbirsk]], Kazan, Ufa and Saratov. In September, however, the People's Army suffered a number of defeats by the Soviet [[Red Army]] and withdrew from much of the territory. By early November, peasants had begun to grow wary of ''Komuch'''s counterrevolutionary nature and began organizing occasional resistance.
   
''Komuch'' participated with the [[Provisional Government of Autonomous Siberia|Provisional Siberian Government]] in the State Conference held in [[Ufa]] held between 8 and 23 September 1918. Some of the 170 delegates present also represented other smaller regions. While the conference was in progress, ''Komuch'' suffered two significant defeats, losing control of Kazan on 10 September and of Simbirsk two days later. The conference, meanwhile, established the short-lived [[Provisional All-Russian Government]].<ref>Evan Mawdsley, ''The Russian Civil War'', Edinburgh, Birlinn: 2008, pp. 143-148.</ref>
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''Komuch'' participated with the [[Provisional Government of Autonomous Siberia|Provisional Siberian Government]] in the State Conference held in Ufa held between 8 and 23 September 1918. Some of the 170 delegates present also represented other smaller regions. While the conference was in progress, ''Komuch'' suffered two significant defeats, losing control of Kazan on 10 September and of Simbirsk two days later. The conference, meanwhile, established the short-lived [[Provisional All-Russian Government]].<ref>Evan Mawdsley, ''The Russian Civil War'', Edinburgh, Birlinn: 2008, pp. 143-148.</ref>
   
 
After Admiral [[Aleksandr Kolchak]]'s coup, the Directory[?] and other institutions were dissolved by General [[Vladimir Kappel]] in November 1918.
 
After Admiral [[Aleksandr Kolchak]]'s coup, the Directory[?] and other institutions were dissolved by General [[Vladimir Kappel]] in November 1918.

Latest revision as of 15:22, 29 November 2020

Initial members of the Committee.
From left to right: Ivan Brushvit, Prokopiy Klimushkin, Boris Fortunatov, Vladimir Volsky (chairman) and Ivan Nesterov.

The Committee of Members of the Constituent Assembly (Russian: Комитет членов Учредительного собрания (Комуч), Komitet chlenov uchreditelnogo sobraniya or "Komuch") was a democratic counterrevolutionary government that existed in Samara, Russia during the Russian Civil War. It was formed on June 8, 1918 after the Czech Legion had occupied the city.

Komuch proclaimed itself the highest authority in Russia, temporarily acting on behalf of the Russian Constituent Assembly in the territory occupied by the interventionists and the White Movement until the convocation of a new Assmebly. Initially, Komuch consisted of five Socialist-Revolutionaries – Vladimir Volsky (chairman), Ivan Brushvit, Prokopiy Klimushkin, Boris Fortunatov and Ivan Nesterov) – former members of the Constituent Assembly that had been dissolved by the Bolsheviks. Two other members, N. Shmelev and V. Abramov, are named in a declaration issued by Komuch that reinstated freedoms and set forth fundamental principles.[1] Its executive body was the "Council of Department Heads" led by Yevgeny Rogovsky.

The Committee grew in size as members, mainly Socialist-Revolutionaries, of the former Constituent Assembly travelled to Samara. By the end of September 1918, it numbered 96 members.

Having seized power with the help of the Czech Legion, Komuch announced the "reinstatement" of various democratic freedoms. An eight-hour working day was established and plant and factory committees (fabzavkomy, from "fabrichno-zavodskiye komitety") and trade unions were permitted, as were conferences and congresses of workers and peasants. Soviet decrees were abrogated and all industry and financial establishments returned to their former owners, along with the freedom to pursue private enterprise. City dumas, zemstva and other municipal institutions were also reinstated.

Paying lip service to the socialization of land, Komuch provided landowners with an opportunity to recover their confiscated lands from peasants and harvest the winter crops of 1917. Expeditions were sent to the rural areas of Russia to protect landowners, kulaks and their property and, later, to mobilize the People's Army of Komuch (the "People's Army").

From June to August 1918, Komuch‍'s influence spread from Samara into the provinces of Simbirsk, Kazan, Ufa and Saratov. In September, however, the People's Army suffered a number of defeats by the Soviet Red Army and withdrew from much of the territory. By early November, peasants had begun to grow wary of Komuch's counterrevolutionary nature and began organizing occasional resistance.

Komuch participated with the Provisional Siberian Government in the State Conference held in Ufa held between 8 and 23 September 1918. Some of the 170 delegates present also represented other smaller regions. While the conference was in progress, Komuch suffered two significant defeats, losing control of Kazan on 10 September and of Simbirsk two days later. The conference, meanwhile, established the short-lived Provisional All-Russian Government.[2]

After Admiral Aleksandr Kolchak's coup, the Directory[?] and other institutions were dissolved by General Vladimir Kappel in November 1918.

References[]

  1. Ronald I. Kowalski, The Russian Revolution 1917-1921, p. 116.
  2. Evan Mawdsley, The Russian Civil War, Edinburgh, Birlinn: 2008, pp. 143-148.

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