Sir Conrad Marshall John Fisher Swan KCVO FSA (13 May 1924 – 10 January 2019) was a retired long-serving officer of arms at the College of Arms in London. Having been first appointed to work at the College in 1962, he rose to the office of Garter Principal King of Arms in 1992, a position he held until 1995. He was the first Canadian ever to be appointed to the College of Arms.
Early life[edit | edit source]
Conrad Swan was born in 1924 in British Columbia, Canada. His father was descended from the Polish noble family of Święcicki (Coat of arms of Jastrzębiec). After emigrating to Canada in 1884 the family surname became Swan.
Swan devoted much of his life to travelling. Having decided to make a lifetime career in the Indian Army, Swan was sent by the India Office (the UK governmental office responsible for India at the time) to the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. Having completed the course there, he proceeded to India and received an emergency commission on 19 November 1944 as a second lieutenant in the 3rd Battalion of the Madras Regiment, the oldest in the country. Promoted to war-substantive lieutenant on 10 May 1945, Indian Independence in 1947 caused him to make other decisions "it being the end of a chapter". He left the Indian Army with the rank of captain. Following his retirement from the Indian Army, he went directly back to Canada to take a BA and MA at the University of Western Ontario (Assumption College). During this time, he developed a keen interest in Commonwealth affairs, which brought him back to Britain, where he acquired his doctorate from Cambridge University in 1955.
Swan spent six years (1955–1961) lecturing in history at the Assumption University of Windsor, Ontario, of which he was also University Beadle. As guest lecturer he visited many universities, not only in North America but in every continent except Antarctica, "the penguins haven't invited me yet".
Heraldic career[edit | edit source]
In addition to his educational achievements, Swan developed an exceptional heraldic career. He was first appointed Rouge Dragon Pursuivant of Arms in Ordinary in 1962 and six years later became York Herald of Arms in Ordinary. In these capacities, he was among the Earl Marshal's staff for the State Funeral of Sir Winston Churchill in 1965, the Investiture of the Prince of Wales in 1969, and was Gentleman Usher-in-Waiting to Pope John Paul II during his visit to the United Kingdom in 1982.
Swan was appointed Garter Principal King of Arms in 1992 on the retirement of Sir Alexander Colin Cole. His own retirement came in 1995, after having been diagnosed with cancer. At the time, some allegations were made in a newspaper article concerning his decision, in his capacity as Genealogist of the British Association of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, with regard to the grade in which one of his sons-in-law should enter the Order. He denied these allegations, noting that he had never been interviewed by any reporter on this subject.
Sir Conrad Swan was the first herald to execute official duties in-tabard across the Atlantic Ocean and in the Southern Hemisphere. He did so in Bermuda in 1969 and in Brisbane in 1977. He was instrumental in the creation of the Honours System of Antigua and Barbuda, and between 1964 and 1967, Swan was an adviser to the Prime Minister of Canada on the establishment of the National Flag of Canada and the Order of Canada. Swan also took a special interest in Saskatchewan, helping the province to obtain a full coat of arms from the Queen in 1986 and a new Great Seal in 1991. He advised the province on the establishment of the Saskatchewan Order of Merit in 1985 and the Saskatchewan Volunteer Medal in 1995 and the recent expansion of the provincial honours system (notably the Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan). He was also responsible for the design and granting of badges (crests) for each of the colleges of the University of Saskatchewan.
A keen scholar and publicist, Swan wrote a number of books and articles on heraldic, sigillographic and related subjects. He was a member of several international societies and organisations and was a founder of the Royal Heraldry Society of Canada and the Heraldic Garden in Britain.
Honours and appointments[edit | edit source]
Swan was appointed an Officer of the Order of St. John (OStJ) on 8 August 1972, with promotions to Commander (CStJ) on 11 December 1975 and to Knight (KStJ) on 6 April 1976. He was appointed a Member (fourth class) of the Royal Victorian Order in the 1978 Birthday Honours list; he and all other living Members (fourth class) were regraded as Lieutenants (LVO) in 1984. He was promoted to Commander (CVO) in the 1986 New Year Honours list and was knighted by the Queen as a Knight Commander (KCVO) in the 1994 Birthday Honours. As Swan was a dual Canadian-British national, his knighthood was theoretically subject to being blocked by the Canadian government due to the 1919 Nickle Resolution, although, in the event, the Liberal Canadian ministry did not oppose the grant.
He was also a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Nation of Antigua and Barbuda (KGCN), Knight of Honour and Devotion of the Order of Malta, Cross of Commander of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland, Knight's Cross of the Order of the Grand Duke Gediminas (Lithuania), Knight Grand Cross of Justice of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Francis I (GCFO) and Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Order of the Lion of Rwanda.
He was also a Knight of the Most Venerable Order of St. John of Jerusalem and Knight Principal of the Imperial Society of Knights Bachelor (1995–2000); Commander (with Star) of the Royal Norwegian Order of Merit; Grand Cross with Grand Collar of the Imperial Order of the Holy Trinity (Ethiopia); Coronation Medal of the King of Tonga. He received the Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan in 2005.
Family[edit | edit source]
In 1957, Swan married Lady Hilda Susan Mary Northcote (born 23 July 1937 – died 4 December 1995), Serving Sister Most Venerable Order of St. John, Dame of Honour and Devotion Sovereign Military Order of Malta; Dame of Justice (SMO) of Constantine St. George; and President, St. John's Ambulance Society Suffolk.
Lady Hilda was the younger daughter of Henry Stafford Northcote, the 3rd Earl of Iddesleigh, and granddaughter of author Marie Adelaide Belloc Lowndes. She died in Boxford, Suffolk, when she was hit by a car, which did not stop. She was 58 years old.
They had five children:
- Mary Elizabeth Magdalen Swan (b. 1959)
- Hilda Juliana Mary Swan (b. 1961)
- Catherine Sylveria Mary Swan (b. 1962)
- Andrew Conrad Henry Joseph Swan (b. 1964)
- Anastasia Cecilia Mary Swan (b. 1966)
A King From Canada[edit | edit source]
Swan's autobiography was released in 2005. A King From Canada was published by The Memoir Club and featured a foreword by former Chief Canadian Herald Robert Watt.
Published works[edit | edit source]
- Canada: Symbols of Sovereignty, University of Toronto Press, 1977, ISBN 978-0-8020-5346-6
- A King from Canada, The Memoir Club, 2005, ISBN 978-1-84104-072-1
- The Royal Encyclopedia (48 articles), Macmillan Press, 1991, ISBN 0-333-53810-2
Arms[edit | edit source]
|[[File:Arms of Sir Conrad Swan.svg|]]||
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- "Obituary: Sir Conrad Swan, former Garter King of Arms involved in Churchill's funeral and the investiture of the Prince of Wales" (in en). The Herald Scotland. https://www.heraldscotland.com/opinion/17357898.obituary-sir-conrad-swan-former-garter-king-of-arms-involved-in-churchills-funeral-and-the-investiture-of-the-prince-of-wales/.
- Indian Army List Special Edition (August 1947). Government of India Press. 1947. pp. 870.
- "No. 45747". 8 August 1972. p. 9450. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/45747/page/9450
- "No. 46760". 11 December 1975. p. 15751. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/46760/page/15751
- "No. 46870". 6 April 1976. p. 5070. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/46870/page/5070
- "No. 47549". 2 June 1978. p. 6232. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/47549/supplement/6232
- "No. 50361". 30 December 1985. p. 4. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/50361/supplement/4
- "No. 53696". 10 June 1994. p. 4. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/53696/supplement/4
- "'Unaware' U.K. regrets knighting of Canadians". 19 June 2001. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/unaware-uk-regrets-knighting-of-canadians/article4149629/.
- "Lady Swan dies". London, England. 6 December 1995. p. 5. "Hilda Swan, wife of Sir Conrad Swan, former Garter Principal King of Arms at the Royal College of Arms, was killed by a hit-and-run driver near her home at Boxford, Suffolk. Lady Swan, 58, was treated at the scene but died of her injuries."
- Chesshyre, Hubert (2001). Heralds of today: A biographical list of the officers of the College of Arms, London, 1987-2001. London: Illuminata. ISBN 0953784517.
[edit | edit source]
Robin de la Lanne-Mirrlees
|Rouge Dragon Pursuivant
The Lord Sinclair
Alexander Colin Cole
|Garter Principal King of Arms
1992 – 1995
|Registrar of the College of Arms
? – 1992
|Knight Principal of the Imperial Society of Knights Bachelor
Sir Richard Gaskell
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