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Swedish conscripts in 2008.

Sweden had mandatory military service (Swedish language: värnplikt ) for men between 1901 and 2010.[1] Peace-time conscription was mothballed in 2010, and the law on conscription was simultaneously made gender-neutral.[2]

In September 2016 the Swedish government announced that it plans to reintroduce gender-neutral conscription in 2018.[3] On March 2, 2017, the Swedish government decided to reintroduce military conscription, meaning 4,000 men and women will be called up for service from 1 January 2018. Those conscripts will be chosen from a pool of about 13,000 young people born in 1999, and will serve for 12 months.[4] The Swedish Armed Forces is reportedly planning for 4,000 recruits annually in basic military training in 2018 and 2019.[5] As the relevant age cohort is about 100,000 this means that roughly 4% will be enlisted.[6] During the height of the Cold War, about 85% of Swedish men were enlisted.[7]

Non-military service[edit | edit source]

Conscientious objectors in Sweden have the right to choose alternative service (called vapenfri tjänst). After completing the alternative service the conscript is in the civilian reserve.[8]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. "Värnplikten genom åren" (in sv). Swedish Armed Forces. Archived from the original on 29 March 2017. https://web.archive.org/web/20170329170317/http://www.forsvarsmakten.se/sv/information-och-fakta/var-historia/artiklar/varnplikt-under-109-ar/. Retrieved 29 March 2017. 
  2. Noack, Rick (6 October 2016). "Swedes are calling up women to help fend off threats like Russia". Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2016/10/06/swedes-are-calling-up-women-to-help-fend-off-threats-like-russia/. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  3. "Sweden seeks to bring back conscription in 2018". The Guardian. 28 September 2016. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/sep/28/sweden-bring-back-conscription-2018. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  4. "Sweden brings back military conscription amid Baltic tensions". 2 March 2017. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-39140100. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  5. "Sweden re-activates conscription". Government of Sweden. http://www.government.se/articles/2017/03/re-activation-of-enrolment-and-the-conscription/. Retrieved 2 March 2017. 
  6. "Population statistics". Statistics Sweden. http://www.scb.se/en/finding-statistics/statistics-by-subject-area/population/population-composition/population-statistics/. 
  7. "Sweden reintroduces military draft, this time including women". March 2, 2017. http://www.defensenews.com/articles/sweden-reintroduces-military-draft-this-time-including-women. 
  8. http://www.rekryteringsmyndigheten.se/plikten-idag/vapenfri/ (Swedish)

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