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PT-3
Consolidated PT-3.jpg
Consolidated PT-3
Role Trainer
Manufacturer Consolidated Aircraft Company
Introduction 1927
Primary user United States Army Air Corps
Produced September 1927
Number built 250
Variants Consolidated NY, Consolidated O-17
ConsolidatedPT3

PT-3

The Consolidated Model 2 was a training airplane used by the United States Army Air Corps, under the designation PT-3 and the United States Navy under the designation NY-1.

DevelopmentEdit

Seeing the success of the Navy's NY-1 modification of a PT-1 airframe, the USAAC came to the conclusion that a radial engine was indeed ideal for a trainer. It was reliable and offered a good power-to-weight ratio. Therefore one PT-1 airframe was completed as XPT-2 with a 220 hp (164 kW) Wright J-5 Whirlwind radial engine.[1]

The XPT-3 was almost identical with the XPT-2 except for the tail, revised wing panels and different shape. One hundred and thirty production PT-3 aircraft were ordered in September 1927,[1] with one being completed as the XO-17. These were followed by one hundred and twenty PT-3A aircraft with minor changes. The XPT-3 became the XPT-5 when fitted with the Curtiss Challenger R-600 two-row 6-cylinder radial engine, but was soon converted to PT-3 standard.[2]

The PT-3 aircraft were superseded by the Boeing PT-13 Stearman starting in 1937, but a number were still operational with the Spartan Flying School in Tulsa Oklahoma into the middle of World War II.[1]

VariantsEdit

XPT-2
one PT-1 airframe with a 220 hp (160 kW) Wright J-5 (R-790) radial engine, wingspan 34 ft 7 in (10.5 m), length 28 ft 4 in (8.6 m), gross weight 2,427 lb (1100 kg)[3]
XPT-3
one PT-1 airframe with revised wing panels (Clark "Y" wings) and a different vertical tail, wingspan 34 ft 6 in (10.5 m), length 28 ft 3 in (8.6 m), gross weight 2,439 lb (1106 kg)[3]
PT-3
130 ordered, one completed as the XO-17 prototype, gross weight 2,481 lb (1125 kg)[3]
PT-3A
120 ordered with minor updates, Wright J-5, gross weight 2,432 lb (1103 kg)[3]
XPT-4
unbuilt, was to be a development PT-3 with the experimental Fairchild-Caminez 447C engine[3]
XPT-5
the airframe of the XPT-3 was temporarily fitted with the Curtiss Challenger R-600-1 two-row 6-cylinder radial engine in 1929, later converted to PT-3 standard[3]

OperatorsEdit

Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba
  • four PT-3s
Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
  • one PT-3
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
Flag of Peru.svg Peru
  • one PT-3
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
United States

Specifications (PT-3)Edit

Data from "United States Military Aircraft Since 1908" by Gordon Swanborough & Peter M. Bowers (Putnam Newy York, ISBN 0-370-00094-3) 1977, 675 pp.

General characteristics
  • Crew: Two
  • Length: 28 ft 1 in (8.56 m)
  • Wingspan: 34 ft 6 in (10.52 m)
  • Height: 10 ft 3 in (3.12 m)
  • Wing area: 300 ft2 (27.87 m2)
  • Empty weight: 1,785 lb (810 kg)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 2,481 lb (1,125 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Wright R-790-AB radial, 220 hp (164 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 102 mph (164 km/h)
  • Cruise speed: 81 mph (130 km/h)
  • Range: 300 miles (483 km)
  • Service ceiling: 14,000 ft (4,267 m)
  • Rate of climb: 658 ft/min (200 m/min)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft" cover Editors: Paul Eden & Soph Moeng, (Amber Books Ltd. Bradley's Close, 74-77 White Lion Street, London, NI 9PF, 2002, ISBN 0-7607-3432-1), 1152 pp.
  2. "United States Military Aircraft Since 1909" by F. G. Swanborough & Peter M. Bowers (Putnam New York, ISBN 0-85177-816-X) 1964, 596 pp.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 "U.S. Army Aircraft 1908-1946" by James C. Fahey, 1946, 64pp.

External linksEdit

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