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The Convention of Scutari[1] (Modern Turkish: İşkodra Barışı) was a treaty signed between the Ottoman Empire and the Principality of Montenegro on 31 August 1862.[1]

Background[]

The principality of Montenegro was a vassal of Ottoman Empire. During the first half of the 19th century the Ottoman dominance was weakened and Nikola I, the prince of Montenegro, felt free to support a rebellion in the neighbouring Ottoman province of Herzegovina.[citation needed] Ottoman general Ömer Pasha, who was in charge of suppressing the rebellion, defeated the rebels and marched towards Cetinje (then the capital of Montenegro) .

The treaty[]

The treaty was signed in Scutari in Ottoman Empire (present-day Shkodër, Albania) after Montenegro sued for peace. The terms were[citation needed]

  1. Vassal status of Montenegro (as well as province borderline) was ratified
  2. Mirko Petrović-Njegoš, Nikola’s father who had fought against Ottomans was deported
  3. Weapon import to Montenegro was banned
  4. The provincial borderline between Montenegro and Herzegovina was put under Ottoman military control

Aftermath[]

Montenegro became independent by the Treaty of Berlin signed after the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878.

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Erik Goldstein, Wars and Peace Treaties: 1816 to 1991, Routledge, 1992, ISBN 978-0-203-97682-1, p. 28.

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