The principality of Montenegro was a vassal of Ottoman Empire. During the first half of the 19th century the Ottoman dominance was weakened and Nikola I, the prince of Montenegro, felt free to support a rebellion in the neighbouring Ottoman province of Herzegovina. Ottoman general Ömer Pasha, who was in charge of suppressing the rebellion, defeated the rebels and marched towards Cetinje (then the capital of Montenegro) .
The treaty was signed in Scutari in Ottoman Empire (present-day Shkodër, Albania) after Montenegro sued for peace. The terms were
- Vassal status of Montenegro (as well as province borderline) was ratified
- Mirko Petrović-Njegoš, Nikola’s father who had fought against Ottomans was deported
- Weapon import to Montenegro was banned
- The provincial borderline between Montenegro and Herzegovina was put under Ottoman military control
Montenegro became independent by the Treaty of Berlin signed after the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878.
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