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Convoy HX-106 consisted of some 41 ships, eastbound from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Liverpool, England. The use of convoys was a standard tactic throughout the Battle of the Atlantic as a defence against U-boats and German commerce raiders.

Intercepted[]

On 8 February 1941 the two German battleships, Scharnhorst and Gneisenau, appeared over the horizon. The German squadron was under the command of Admiral Günther Lütjens. The captain of the Scharnhorst offered to draw off the escorting Royal Navy battleship HMS Ramillies, so that the Gneisnau could sink the merchant ships. This strategy, if successful, would have entailed little risk to Scharnhorst as she was 11 knots (20 km/h) faster than Ramillies, and her newer 11" guns outranged the 1915 era 15" guns of the British ship. But, Lutjens strictly followed Hitler's directive not to engage enemy capital ships. The presence of Ramillies was sufficient to deter the attack. Later, two of the convoy's merchant ships were sunk by submarines, including the MV Arthur F. Corwin loaded with 14,500 tons of aviation spirit. She went down on 13 February taking all 59 crew with her.

Ships in the convoy[1][]

Name Flag Tonnage (GRT) Notes
Abercos (1920)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 6,076 Straggled
Arthur F Corwin (1938)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 10,516 Joined Ex BHX 106, Straggled 10 Feb 41
Sunk By U-96
Athelbeach (1931)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 6,568 Joined Ex BHX 106
Botavon (1912)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 5,848 Straggled 10 Feb 41


Vice-Commodore

British Fortune (1930)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 4,696 Joined Ex BHX 106
HMS Burnham (H82)  Royal Navy Escort 12 Feb - 15 Feb
Destroyer
Capsa (1931)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 8,229 Joined Ex BHX 106
Cardium (1931)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 8,236 Joined Ex BHX 106
Chama (1938)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 8,077 Joined Ex BHX 106
Charlton Hall (1940)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 5,200 Straggled 10 Feb 41
Clea (1938)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 8,028 Joined Ex BHX 106, Straggled 10 Feb 41
Sunk By U-96
Cliona (1931)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 8,375
HMCS Collingwood (K180)  Royal Canadian Navy Escort 30 Jan - 31 Jan
Corvette
Contractor (1930)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 6,004 Joined Ex BHX 106
Dover Hill (1918)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 5,815 Joined Ex BHX 106
Edward F Johnson (1937)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 10,452 Joined Ex BHX 106
Esturia (1914)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 6,968 Joined Ex BHX 106, Straggled 10 Feb 41
Evanger (1920)  Norway 3,869
Ganges (1930)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 6,246 Joined Ex BHX 106
Garonne (1921)  Norway 7,113 Joined Ex BHX 106
Geo W McKnight (1933)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 12,502 Joined Ex BHX 106
Harpagus (1940)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 5,173
Hopemount (1929)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 7,434 Straggled 3 Feb 41
Horda (1920)  Norway 4,301 Straggled 10 Feb 41
Kheti (1927)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 2,734 Joined Ex BHX 106
HMS Kingcup (K33)  Royal Navy Escort 15 Feb - 17 Feb
Corvette
HMS La Malouine (K46)  Royal Navy Escort 12 Feb - 17 Feb
Corvette
Laguna (1923)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 6,466 Joined Ex BHX 106, Straggled 10 Feb 41
Leiesten (1930)  Norway 6,118 Joined Ex BHX 106. Straggled 10 Feb
Lodestone (1938)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 4,877 Joined Ex BHX 106, Straggled 10 Feb 41
Mactra (1936)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 6,193 Joined Ex BHX 106
HMS Malcolm (D19)  Royal Navy Escort 12 Feb - 15 Feb
Destroyer
Malmanger (1920)  Norway 7,078 Joined Ex BHX 106
Miralda (1936)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 8,013 Joined Ex BHX 106
Mirza (1929)  Netherlands 7,991 Joined Ex BHX 106
HMS Northern Pride (FY105)  Royal Navy Escort 15 Feb - 18 Feb
ASW trawler
Nurtureton (1929)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 6,272
Oilfield (1938)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 8,516 Joined Ex BHX 106
Opalia (1938)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 6,195 Joined Ex BHX 106
R J Cullen (1919)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 6,993
HMS Ramillies (07)  Royal Navy Escort 30 Jan - 10 Feb
WW1-era battleship
HMS Saladin (H54)  Royal Navy Escort 12 Feb - 14 Feb
WW1-era Destroyer
San Eliseo (1939)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 8,042 Joined Ex BHX 106
San Fabian (1922)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 13,031
HMS Sardonyx (H26)  Royal Navy Escort 12 Feb - 17 Feb
WW1-era Destroyer
Silveray (1925)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 4,535 Joined Ex BHX 106
HMS Skate (1917)  Royal Navy Escort 12 Feb - 18 Feb
WW1-era Destroyer
Temple Arch (1940)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 5,138 Joined Ex BHX 106. Straggled 10 Feb
Topdalsfjord (1921)  Norway 4,271 Capt W H POOLE RD RNR (Commodore)
Torborg (1921)  Norway 6,042 Joined Ex BHX 106
Trelissick (1919)  United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 5,265 Joined Ex BHX 106
HMT Vizalma  Royal Navy Escort 15 Feb - 18 Feb
ASW trawler

References[]

  1. "Convoy HX.106". Arnold Hague Convoy Database. http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/hx/index.html. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 

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