|Primary user||United States Army Air Forces|
The Cornelius XBG-3 was an American "bomb glider", developed by the Cornelius Aircraft Corporation for the United States Army Air Forces. Using an unconventional design that included a forward-swept wing, a single prototype was ordered in 1942; however the contract was cancelled later that year before the aircraft had been constructed.
History[edit | edit source]
Early in the Second World War, the United States Army Air Forces initiated research into the possibility that gliders, towed by other, conventional aircraft to the area of a target, then released and guided to impact via radio control, could be a useful weapon of war. Essentially an early form of (very large) guided missile, the concept was similar to a Navy project underway at the same time, known as Glomb (from "glider-bomb"), and led to the establishment of the 'BG' series of designations, for 'Bomb Glider', in early 1942.
Among the designs considered for use as a bomb glider was an unconventional design submitted by the Cornelius Aircraft Company. Cornelius, having established a reputation for unconventional aircraft designs, proposed a design that featured a "tail-first" configuration, with canard foreplanes and a radical forward-swept wing. The USAAF considered the design interesting enough to award a contract to Cornelius for the construction of a single prototype, designated XBG-3. However the project was cancelled in late 1942, when the bomb glider concept was abandoned by the USAAF. An enlarged, tailess, forward-swept wing glider would be built by Cornelius later in the war, acting as a "flying fuel tank" for long-range bombers, as the XFG-1.
Specifications[edit | edit source]
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See also[edit | edit source]
- Cornelius XFG-1
- Fletcher BG-1
- Interstate TDR
- Pratt-Read LBE
- List of military aircraft of the United States
- Bat (guided bomb)
References[edit | edit source]
- Baugher 2011
- Gunston 1988, p.28.
- Parsch 2009
- Miller 2001, p.297.
- Mondey 1978, p.132.
- Jane's 1947
- "Gliding Gas Tank May May Refuel Planes On Ocean Hops." Popular Science, August 1944, p. 124. Accessed 2011-01-27
- Baugher, Joe (January 6, 2011). "1942 USAAF Serial Numbers (42-39758 to 42-50026)". USAAS-USAAC-USAAF-USAF Aircraft Serial Numbers--1908 to Present. http://www.joebaugher.com/usaf_serials/1942_2a.html. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- Bridgman, Leonard, ed (1947). Jane's All The World'S Aircraft 1947. London: S.Low, Marston & Co.. ASIN B000RMJ7FU.
- Gunston, Bill (1988). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft Armament. London: Salamander Books. ISBN 978-0-86101-314-2. http://books.google.com/books?id=-YrfAAAAMAAJ&q=Cornelius+%22XBG-3%22&dq=Cornelius+%22XBG-3%22&hl=en&ei=i_RBTYjYN4K78gb3lPikAg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAQ. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
- Miller, Jay (2001). The X-Planes: X-1 to X-45. Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85780-109-5.
- Mondey, David (1978). The Complete Illustrated Encyclopedia of the World's Aircraft. New York: A&W Publishers. ASIN B001SLTA1U.
- Parsch, Andreas (2008). "BG Series". Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles, Appendix 1: Early Missiles and Drones. designation-systems.net. http://www.designation-systems.net/dusrm/app1/bg.html. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
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