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The Defence Staff (Swedish language: Försvarsstaben , abbreviated Fst) was a Swedish government agency established in 1937 and was active until 1994. Initially the tasks of the Defence Staff was limited to the overall military strategic and operational issues as well as to the central operational command of army forces. In 1961 a central operational command was added for the navy and air force. The Defence Staff was in 1994 merged with the Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters.
History[edit | edit source]
The Defence Staff was established on 1 July 1937 (SFS 1937:667) with the task of planning the use of the national defense funds and for the military branches perform the joint war preparations and to promote coherence and synergy between military branches. The Defence Staff was organized in 10 departments, Army Operational, Navy Operational, Air Force Operational, Military Signals, Cryptography, Air Defense, Communications, Intelligence, War History and Photo Department. In 1942 the first major reorganization took place. The Defence Staff became the Supreme Commander's (ÖB) staff, organized in three sections, as well as an Naval and an Aviation Department (later to Section 1). Section 1 comprised six departments: Army, Quartermaster, Air Defense, Communications, Signaling, Service and Photo Department. Section 2 comprised three departments: Foreign Affairs, Interior Affairs and War History Department and Section 3 two departments: the Press and Film as well as the Staff Welfare Department.
Next thorough reorganization of the Defence Staff occurred in 1961. An Operation Management (OPL 1 for Studies, OPL 2 for War Planning and OPL 3 for Preparedness and Exercises), four sections, one Administrative and Information Department and a Staff Welfare Bureau was formed. Section 1 comprised four departments, Public, Communication, Military Signals and Quartermaster Department, Section 2 three departments: Attaché, Intelligence and Domestic Department, Section 3 two departments: the Press and Film and War History Department, Section 4 Budget Detail and two departments, Research - and the Planning Department. An EDP office in Section 1 was established in 1965 (later the EDP Department). In 1968 the Total Defense Signal Security Department (Totalförsvarets signalskyddsavdelning) was added (formerly the National Signal Security Commission (Statens signalskyddsnämnd)).
The Defence Staff was again reorganized in 1980 with an Operating Department, six operational sections, a Planning Department with the four planning sections, an Administrative Section and an Information Department. The agency, known as The Supreme Commander (Överbefälhavaren), according to instructions (SFS 1983:276), was exercising the leadership of the nations military defense and related operational activities. The Defence Staff that since 1 July 1981 was named Överbefälhavaren, was in connection with the Swedish Armed Forces restructuring on 1 July 1994 merged with the Swedish Armed Forces Headquarters (Högkvarteret, HKV).
Chiefs of the Defence Staff[edit | edit source]
|Rank and name||Branch||Period||Notes|
|Major General Olof Thörnell||Army||1936–1939||Acting until 1937|
|Major General Axel Rappe||Army||15 December 1939 – 31 March 1941||Acting[note 1]|
|Colonel Samuel Lars Åkerhielm||Army||1941–1942||Acting|
|Major General Axel Bredberg||Army||1942–1945|
|Major General Carl August Ehrensvärd||Army||1945–1947||Acting 1944-45|
|Major General Nils Swedlund||Army||5 February 1947 – 1 April 1951||Took office on 1 April.|
|Major General Richard Åkerman||Army||1951–1957|
|Major General Curt Göransson||Army||1957–1961|
|Major General Carl Eric Almgren||Army||1961–1967|
|Lieutenant General Stig Synnergren||Army||1967–1970|
|Lieutenant General Bo Westin||Navy||1970–1972|
|Lieutenant General Gunnar Eklund||Navy||1972–1976|
|Lieutenant General Lennart Ljung||Army||1976–1978|
|Vice Admiral Bengt Schuback||Navy||1978–1982|
|Vice Admiral Bror Stefenson||Navy||1982–1987|
|Lieutenant General Torsten Engberg||Navy||1987–1991|
|Lieutenant General Owe Wiktorin||Air Force||1991–1992|
|Vice Admiral Peter Nordbeck||Navy||1992–1994|
Vice Chiefs of the Defence Staff[edit | edit source]
|Rank and name||Branch||Period||Title||Source|
|Major General Axel Rappe||Army||15 December 1939 – 31 March 1941||Acting chief (ställföreträdande chef)|||
|Colonel Nils Swedlund||Army||1 January 1944 – 31 March 1946||Vice chief|||
|Colonel Thord Bonde||Army||1946–1948[note 2]||Vice chief (souschef)|||
|Commander Knut Mauritz Östberg||Navy||1949–1951||Vice chief|||
|Colonel Sam Myhrman||Army||1956–1960||Vice chief|||
|Colonel Åke Mangård||Air Force||1960–1961||Vice chief|||
|Commander Dag Arvas||Navy||1961–1964||Vice chief|||
|Commander Bengt Lundvall||Navy||1964–1966||Vice chief|||
|Major General Bo Westin||Navy||1966–1968||Vice chief|||
|Major General Dick Stenberg||Air Force||1 October 1968 – 1 April 1970||Vice chief|||
|Major General Nils-Fredrik Palmstierna||Air Force||1970–1973||Vice chief|||
|Major General Sven-Olof Olson||Air Force||1973–1977||Vice chief|||
|Rear Admiral Bengt Schuback||Navy||1977–1978||Vice chief|||
|Major General Bengt Lehander||Air Force||1978–1982||Vice chief|||
|Major General Lars-Bertil Persson||Air Force||1982–1986||Acting chief|||
|Major General Owe Wiktorin||Air Force||1986–1991||Acting chief|||
Footnotes[edit | edit source]
- During the winter of 1939, when Rappe was commanding officer of the Svea Artillery Regiment in Stockholm, he was made available for service to the Chief of the Defence Staff. After Olof Thörnell's appointment as Supreme Commander for the mobilized elements of the armed forces in December 1939, Rappe was appointed Acting Chief of the Defence Staff. This meant that Rappe in reality served as Chief of the Defence Staff.
- According to Lagerström (1968), Bonde was appointed Vice Chief of the Defence Staff in 1946 and his next appointment was as second-in-command of the Svea Life Guards (I 1) in 1950. But between these appointments, Bonde held the position as Chief of Staff of United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) from May 1948 to July 1948 and commander Knut Mauritz Östberg held the position of Vice Chiefs of the Defence Staff from 1949.
References[edit | edit source]
- Försvarets traditioner 2015, p. 11
- National Archives
- Cronenberg 1995–1997, p. 694
- Zetterberg 2014, p. 542
- Lagerström 1968, p. 124
- UNTSO News Magazine 2008, p. 23
- Burling 1962, p. 1225
- Burling 1962, p. 759
- Vem är det 1984, p. 758.
- Uddling & Paabo 1992, p. 69
- Vem är det 1984, p. 730.
- Vem är det 1984, p. 1174.
- Scheiderbauer 2007–2011, p. 225
- Vem är det 1984, p. 877.
- Vem är det 1984, p. 861.
- Uddling & Paabo 1992, p. 975
- Vem är det 1984, p. 643.
- Spiegelberg 1984, p. 104
- Bollman 1994, p. 7
Print[edit | edit source]
- Bollman, Ellinor (1994). "Owe Wiktorin - vår nye ÖB" (in Swedish). Stockholm: Flygstaben. 8257600. http://www.aef.se/Flygvapnet/Tidskrifter/FV_Nytt/Flygvapennytt_1994-3.pdf.
- Burling, Ingeborg, ed (1956) (in Swedish). Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1957. Stockholm: Norstedt.
- Burling, Ingeborg, ed (1962) (in Swedish). Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1963. Stockholm: Norstedt. 9649168.
- Cronenberg, Arvid (1995–1997). "Axel O Rappe" (in Swedish). Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. 29. National Archives of Sweden. https://sok.riksarkivet.se/sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=7547.
- Lagerström, Sten, ed (1968) (in Swedish). Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1969. Stockholm: Norstedt. 3681519. http://runeberg.org/vemardet/1969/0140.html.
- Scheiderbauer, Sven (2007–2011). "Dick Stenberg" (in Swedish). Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. 33. National Archives of Sweden. https://sok.riksarkivet.se/Sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=20058.
- Spiegelberg, Christina, ed (1984) (in Swedish). Sveriges statskalender. 1984. Stockholm: Liber. ISBN 91-38-90400-4. 3682782. http://runeberg.org/statskal/1984/0106.html.
- Uddling, Hans; Paabo, Katrin, eds (1992) (in Swedish). Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1993. Stockholm: Norstedt. ISBN 91-1-914072-X. 8261513.
- (in Swedish) Vem är det: svensk biografisk handbok. 1985. Stockholm: Norstedt. 1984. ISBN 91-1-843222-0. 3681527.
- Zetterberg, Kent (2014). "Nils Per Robert Swedlund" (in Swedish). Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. 34. National Archives of Sweden. p. 542. https://sok.riksarkivet.se/Sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=34857.
- "UNITED NATIONS TRUCE SUPERVISION ORGANISATION 60th ANNIVERSARY" (PDF). UNTSO News Magazine. United Nations. 2008. https://www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/missions/untso/documents/untso_60_anniversary.pdf.
- (in Swedish) Försvarets traditioner i framtiden med översiktlig historik från 1500-talet. Statens försvarshistoriska museer TradN. 2015. ISBN 9789197859554. 17552963. http://www.sfhm.se/contentassets/813daef056f04ee79a6cdca825daecdb/traditionsnamnden_forsvarets-traditioner-med-oversiktlig-historik-fran-1500-talet-reviderad-2016-05-24.pdf. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
- "Försvarsstaben (1937 – 1994)" (in Swedish). National Archives of Sweden. https://sok.riksarkivet.se/nad?Sokord=f%C3%B6rsvarsstaben&EndastDigitaliserat=false&BegransaPaTitelEllerNamn=false&lk=Ladda+kategorier&AvanceradSok=False&tab=post&page=16&postid=Arkis+D48F85CC-C405-11D6-81CC-00D0B73E7A8B&FacettState=undefined%3Ac%7C#tab.
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