|It has been suggested that this article be merged into [[::Arms industry|arms industry]]. (Discuss) Proposed since February 2012.|
A defense contractor (or security contractor) is a business organization or individual that provides products or services to a military or intelligence department of a government. Products typically include military or civilian aircraft, ships, vehicles, weaponry, and electronic systems. Services can include logistics, technical support and training, communications support, and in some cases team-based engineering in cooperation with the government.
Security contractors do not generally provide direct support of military operations. Under the 1949 Geneva Conventions, military contractors engaged in direct support of military operations may be legitimate targets of military attacks.
Defense contracting has expanded dramatically over the last decade, particularly in the United States, where in the last fiscal year the Department of Defense spent nearly $316 billion on contracts. Contractors have also assumed a much larger on-the-ground presence during recent American conflicts: during the 1991 Gulf War the ratio of uniformed military to contractors was about 50 to 1, while during the first four years of the Iraq War the U.S. hired over 190,000 contractors, surpassing the total American military presence even during the 2007 Iraq surge and 23 times greater than other allied military personnel numbers. In Afghanistan, the presence of almost 100,000 contractors has resulted in a near 1 to 1 ratio with military personnel.
List of notable defense contractors worldwide[edit | edit source]
11 of the following companies are located within the Northeast megalopolis, including four in Northern Virginia.
|2011 rank||2010 rank||2009 rank||2008 rank||2007 rank||Company (country)||2011 arms sales (US$ m.)||2010 arms sales (US$ m.)||2009 arms sales (US$ m.)||2008 arms sales (US$ m.)||2007 arms sales (US$ m.)||Arms sales as share of company’s total sales (%),|
|10||10||10||11||11||United Technologies Corporation||11640||11410||11110||9980||8760||20|
|13||-||-||-||-||Huntington Ingalls Industries||6380||-||-||-||-||97|
|16||14||13||14||13||Computer Sciences Corp.||4860||5940||6050||5710||5420||31|
|18||21||-||-||-||United Aircraft Corporation||4440||3440||-||-||-||80|
- N = New to the SIPRI Top 100
Source: http://www.sipri.org/research/armaments/production/Top100 "Arms sales are defined by SIPRI as sales of military goods and services to military customers, including both domestic and export sales. Military goods and services are those [...]designed specifically for military purposes."
See also[edit | edit source]
- Arms industry
- Government contractor
- List of NASA contractors
- List of private military contractors
- List of United States defense contractors
- Military-industrial complex
- Private intelligence agency
- Private military company
References[edit | edit source]
- Singer, Peter W. "The Regulation of New Warfare", The Brookings Institution, February 2010.
- Fryer-Biggs, Zachary. "Price Wars Prompt Firms To Abandon Service Sector." Defense News, 9 September 2012.
- "Better Buying Power (Public Site)."
[edit | edit source]
- The British Library - finding information on the defence industry
- Private Security Transnational Enterprises in Colombia
- Human Rights First; Private Security Contractors at War: Ending the Culture of Impunity (2008)
- Defense Contracting Jobseekers FAQ
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