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Dekabrist-class submarine
1973. Краснознаменная гвардейская подводная лодка Д-3 Красногвардеец
D-3 "Krasnogvardyeyets" at soviet stamp
Class overview
Name: Dekabrist
Builders: 3 at Ordzhonikidze Shipyard, Leningrad
3 at Marti Yard, Nikolayev
Operators: Naval Ensign of the Soviet Union (1950–1991) Soviet Navy
Built: 1927-1929
In service: 1928-1958
Completed: 6
Lost: 4
Preserved: 1
General characteristics
Type: diesel/electric-powered attack submarine
Displacement: 933 tons surfaced
1,354 tons submerged
Length: 76.00 m (249 feet 4 inches)
Beam: 6.5 m (21 ft)
Draught: 3.80 m (12.5 ft)
Propulsion: 2 shafts, three-bladed propellers
- Two 1,100hp MAN/Kolomna diesels
- Two 525hp PG-20 electric motors
- Two electric creeping motors 50hp
- 60 DK storage batteries
Speed: 14 knots (26 km/h) surfaced
9 knots (17 km/h) submerged
Range: 3,600 nmi (6,700 km) at 14 kn (26 km/h) surfaced
7,500 nmi (13,900 km) at 9 kn (17 km/h) surfaced
132 nmi (244 km) at 2 kn (3.7 km/h) submerged
Test depth: 295 ft (90 m)
Complement: 53 officers and crew
Armament: 8 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes (6 bow, 2 stern), 14 torpedoes carried
1 x 100mm/51 cal. Main deck gun
1 x 45mm/46 cal. K-21 AA gun
1 x 7.62 machine-gun

The Dekabrist'-class were the first class of submarines built for the Soviet Navy after the October Revolution. They were authorized in the Soviet Naval Shipbuilding Program of 1926. Operational-tactical requirements and design concepts were formulated in 1923. In 1925 A Soviet naval mission obtained blueprints for the Balilla class submarine from the Italians and used concepts from that design together with Soviet ideas. The boats were constructed by the Ordzhonikidze Shipyard and the principal designer was B.M. Malinin. The first boat in the class was laid down on March 5, 1927; launched on November 3, 1928, and commissioned on November 18, 1930. This first boat, the Dekabrist, was later designated D-1, September 15, 1934.[1] The class was of a double–hull design with 7 compartments and constructed using riveting. These boats were of Soviet design and had numerous technical shortcomings and construction defects. The most serious problems were their slow diving time and poor stability during diving. In May 1933, the Dekabrist was shifted to the Northern Fleet via the White Sea-Baltic Canal. She remained in service until 1940. She showed high seaworthiness in polar circumstances. The boat was lost with entire crew in a diving accident on November 13, 1940 in Molotovskiy Bay.


Ship English Translation Builder Launched Fate
D-1 Dekabrist Декабрист A member of the Decembrist revolt Ordzhonikidze Yard, Leningrad 3 November 1928 Lost in accident November 1940 in Motovsky Gulf near Murmansk during training mission.
D-2 Narodovolets Народоволец A member of Narodnaya Volya Ordzhonikidze Yard, Leningrad 1929 Decommissioned 1958 but from 1956 to 1987 was based in Kronstadt and served as a training ship. Finally, in 1989 on completion of the reconstruction was installed on shore as a memorial museum in St Petersburg.[2]
D-3 Krasnogvardyeyets Красногвардеец Red Guardsman Ordzhonikidze Yard, Leningrad 12 July 1929 Sunk July 1942 off Norway
D-4 Revolutsioner Революционер Revolutionary Marti Yard, Nikolayev 1929 Sunk by German armed trawlers UJ 102 and UJ 103 off Yevpatoria, Crimea
D-5 Spartakovets Спартаковец Follower of Spartacus Marti Yard, Nikolayev 1929 Decommissioned 1950s
D-6 Yakobinets Якобинец Jacobin Marti Yard, Nikolayev 1929 Destroyed by bombing in Sevastopol dockyard, 12 November 1941

The Nrodovolets (D-2) on display in St Petersburg

See alsoEdit


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