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Delaware Army National Guard
Active 1903-
Country United States
Allegiance Delaware
Branch Army National Guard
Type State Army National Guard
Part of Delaware National Guard
Garrison/HQ Wilmington, Delaware
Commanders
Current
commander
Major General Francis D. Vavala
State Command Sergeant Major CSM Robert K Miller

The Delaware Army National Guard is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. National coordination of various state National Guard units are maintained through the National Guard Bureau.

The Delaware Army National Guard maintains 15 armories in 12 communities.

Delaware Army National Guard units are trained and equipped as part of the United States Army. The same ran ks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. The Delaware Guard also bestows a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Delaware.

Seal of the Army National Guard

History

The Delaware Army National Guard traces its origins back to August 31, 1655, when Swedish settlers were asked to take up arms to defend the colony against a Dutch attack on Fort Christina.

During the American Revolution, Delaware's First Regiment fought with General George Washington at the Battle of Long Island.

In the War of 1812 all Delaware volunteer units saw service at Lewes, where they comprised the bulk of force that drove off a British naval squadron seeking control of the Delaware River. The 198th Signal Battalion (ARNG DE), which traces its lineage to three militia units that were federalized during the War of 1812, is one of only nineteen Army National Guard units with campaign credit for the War of 1812.

In the Mexican War (1846–1847), the Federal Government would not accept volunteer companies but the Delaware volunteers were not content to stay home. After much red tape, a statewide composite unit was formed. They fought with distinction in the battles of Contreras, Cherubusco, Molino del Ray and Chapultepec where there were almost twice as many Delaware volunteers present as marines. The unit lost so many men in these actions it became known as "The Bloody 11th." [1]

The Militia Act of 1903 organized the various state militias into the present National Guard system. One of the units formed since was the 198th Coast Artillery (AA), which traces its history to the three militia units referred to above.

Governor Charles L. Terry, Jr. deployed the National Guard to the city of Wilmington following the assassination of The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. on 9 April 1968, at the request of Mayor John Babiarz.[citation needed] One week later, Mayor Babiarz requested the National Guard troops be withdrawn, but Governor Terry refused, and kept them in the city until his term ended in January, 1969. This is reportedly the longest occupation of an American city by state forces in the nation's history.[2] In the aftermath of the occupation, recruiting offices of all military branches were removed from locations within the city limits until the early 2000s.

In the 1980s, aviation regiments began forming in both the regular Army and the National Guard. The 150th Aviation Regiment was created in Delaware from the 150th Aviation Battalion of the 50th Armored Division.

Following the terror attacks of September 11, 2001, numerous units of the Delaware Army National Guard have deployed to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom.

Troops from both the Delaware Army and Air National Guard volunteered to support disaster relief operations in Louisiana and Mississippi in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina in 2005.

"Operation Arctic Vengeance I and II" saw over 300 DEARNG Soldiers volunteer to support the State of Emergency declared by Gov. Jack Markell following a pair of debilitating snowstorms from Feb. 7 through Feb. 12, 2010. DEARNG troops completed over 250 missions assisting local and state agencies with including Emergency Medical Services, fire calls, law enforcement, dialysis patient transport and civilian transport to warming stations.[3]

National Guard units can be mobilized at any time by presidential order to supplement regular armed forces, and upon declaration of a state of emergency by the governor of the state in which they serve.

Units c.2012

  • Joint Forces Headquarters - a Detachment-sized unit which comprises the Headquarters elements of both Army and Air National Guards for the state.
  • 261st Theater Tactical Signal Brigade
    • Headquarters and Headquarters Company (HHC)- Deployed in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom at Camp Victory, Iraq from October 2008 through September 2009.
    • 198th Signal Battalion - deployed to Iraq in October 2006; scheduled 12-month deployment. Returned successfully and safely with numerous awards.
  • 72nd Troop Command (Brigade)
    • Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment (HHD)
    • 721st Troop Command (Battalion)
      • Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment (HHD)
      • 262nd Component Repair Company - Deployed to Iraq Summer of 2009 with a Convoy Security mission. Returned to Delaware and released from active duty April 18, 2010.
      • 160th Engineer Company - a platoon-sized element returned from a 14-month deployment in Iraq in November 2006.
      • 150th Engineer Detachment (formerly 249th Engineer Detachment) 249th deployed to Iraq at the onset of Operation Iraqi Freedom, providing some of the first reconstruction efforts following the fall of the Hussein regime.
      • 1049th Transportation Company (formerly 945th Quartermaster Company) 945th deployed in the early years of Operation Iraqi freedom (need dates). The unit is currently training in anticipation of deployment late in 2010.
    • 722nd Troop Command (Battalion)
      • Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment (HHD)
      • 153rd Military Police Company - Deployed to Saudi Arabia in 2002-2003 in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. Deployed to Iraq in support of OIF from June 2007 through May 2008.
      • 287th Army Band (http://www.287armyband.com)
      • A Company, 3rd Battalion, 238th Aviation Regiment (formerly 1-150th GSAB) - Mobilized November 2009 for training pending deployment to Afghanistan in the spring of 2010.
      • 121st Medical Company (Air Ambulance) - Mobilized for two years at Fort Lewis, WA (need dates). 121st is one of the last Army Aviation units to still fly the UH-1 Iroquois "Huey" helicopter.
      • 101st Public Affairs Detachment (Formerly Detachment 1, 444th Mobile Public Affairs)- Deployed to Germany for 6 months 1996; mobilized at Fort Dix, NJ February 2002 through September 2004.
    • 31st Civil Support Team (WMD)
    • 193rd Regiment (Regional Training Institute) located at Bethany Beach Training Site, 193rd RTI is the host of the state Officer Candidate School and Recruit Sustainment Program and has facilities to support a variety of training for both Army and Air National Guard units.
    • Embedded Training Team (ETT) - In addition to the above permanent units, an Embedded Training Team (ETT) consisting of eleven Delaware Army National Guard Soldiers from units all over the state mobilized for pre-deployment training in January 2010. The Delaware troops were joined by nine Soldiers from the Vermont, Alabama, New Jersey and Puerto Rico National Guards and deployed to Afghanistan in the spring of 2010. The ETT's mission is to assist in training and mentoring Afghan National Army units and soldiers.[4]

See also

References

External links



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