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Battle of Delville Wood
Part of the Battle of the Somme in the First World War
Map of the Battle of the Somme, 1916.svg
Date14 July – 15 September 1916
LocationDelville Wood, Longueval, the Somme, France
50°01′40″N 2°48′36″E / 50.0278°N 2.8099°E / 50.0278; 2.8099Coordinates: 50°01′40″N 2°48′36″E / 50.0278°N 2.8099°E / 50.0278; 2.8099
Result British victory
Belligerents

 British Empire

  •  South Africa
  •  United Kingdom
 German Empire
Commanders and leaders
United Kingdom Douglas Haig
United KingdomGeneral Sir Henry Rawlinson
German EmpireGeneral–Major Fritz von Below
German Empire Max von Gallwitz
Strength
9 divisions, 1 brigade
Only Brigades and Battalions that participated in the actions associated with the Battle of Delville Wood are shown. For details on the full organisation, see the Order of Battle for the Somme.



This is the order of battle for the Battle of Delville Wood fought from 14 July – 3 September 1916, one of the engagements of the Battle of the Somme. It was fought between British forces and the German Empire in the Somme River valley in northern France. The battle was the debut of the South African 1st Infantry Brigade on the Western Front, which captured Delville Wood and held it from 15–19 July. The casualties of the brigade were similar to those of many British brigades on 1 July. Delville Wood is well preserved with the remains of trenches, a museum and monument to the South African Brigade.

Orders of Battle[edit | edit source]

British and Dominion forces [edit | edit source]

South African casualties[edit | edit source]

1st South African Brigade: Casualties during the Battle of Delville Wood 14–20 July 1916[10]
Brigade / Unit Unit strength at
start of Battle
14 July 1916
Killed Wounded Missing / POW Additional
wounded who
died of wounds
up to October 1916
Total Casualties Effective unit
Strength after
Battle
20 July 1916
Off* Other
Ranks
Total Off* Other
Ranks
Total Off* Other
Ranks
Total Off* Other
Ranks
Total Off* Other
Ranks
Total Off* Other
Ranks
Total Off* Other
Ranks
Total
1st Battalion 31 748 779 7 108 115 17 346 363 2 73 75 1 29 30 27 556 583 4 192 196
2nd Battalion 28 669 697 11 95 106 12 373 385 0 92 92 3 25 28 26 585 611 2 84 86
3rd Battalion 29 847 876 8 120 128 15 403 418 6 225 231 0 30 30 29 778 807 0 69 69
4th Battalion 27 672 699 4 104 108 15 293 308 1 84 85 0 32 32 20 513 533 7 159 166
Other 8 96 104 0 0 0 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 6 96 102
Total 123 3,032 3,155 30 427 457 61 1,415 1,476 9 474 483 4 116 120 104 2,432 2,536 19 600 619

Note: * : Officers

German Forces[edit | edit source]

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

German trench Delville Wood, September 1916

  1. 1.0 1.1 Miles 1938, p. 109.
  2. Liddle 1992, p. 186.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Miles 1938, p. 107.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Ewing 1921, pp. 397–399.
  5. Wyrall 1921, p. 246.
  6. Liddle 1992, p. 187.
  7. Moorhouse 2003, p. 267.
  8. Miles 1938, p. 111.
  9. Miles 1938, p. 113.
  10. Uys 1991, pp. 194–198.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 Miles 1938, p. 118.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 Miles 1938, p. 119.

References[edit | edit source]

Memorial, South African Brigade Headquarters, Delville Wood.

  • Ewing, J (1921). The History of the Ninth (Scottish) Division 1914–1919 (N & M Press 2009 ed.). London: John Murray. ISBN 1-84342-190-9. 
  • Liddle, P. (1992). The 1916 Battle of the Somme (2001 ed.). London: Pen & Sword Books. ISBN 1-84022-240-9. 
  • Miles, W. (1938). Official History of the War, Military Operations, France and Belgium 1916, Maps and Appendices (IWM & Battery Press 1994 ed.). London: Macmillan. ISBN 0-89839-207-1. 
  • Moorhouse, B (2003). Forged by Fire: The Battle Tactics and Soldiers of a World War One Battalion, The 7th Somerset Light Infantry. Staplehurst: Spellmount. ISBN 1-86227-191-7. 
  • {{cite book
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|last=Uys|first=Ian|title=Delville Wood|publisher=Uys Publishers|location=Johannesburg|year=1983|isbn=0-620-06611-3}}

  • Uys, Ian (1991). Rollcall: the Delville Wood story. Germiston: Uys Publishers. ISBN 0-9583173-1-3. 
  • {{cite journal
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|last=Uys|first=Ian|date=December 1986|title=South Africans at Delville Wood|journal=South African Military History Journal (SAMHJ)|publisher=South African Military History Society|volume=7|issue=2}}

External links[edit | edit source]


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