The following directory lists and provides links to articles about the Troubles.
Anti-terrorist laws in both Ireland and the UK proscribe (ban) membership of a number of republican and loyalist groups organised in Northern Ireland. Several other smaller paramilitary factions have appeared throughout the Troubles as well as cover-names used to deflect responsibility for attacks.
Note: In this context, operational refers to the period during which the 'official' paramilitary campaign was conducted.
|Provisional Irish Republican Army||PIRA||1970–2005|
|Official Irish Republican Army||OIRA||1970–1972|
|Irish National Liberation Army||INLA||1974–2009|
|Irish People's Liberation Organisation||IPLO||1986–1992|
|Continuity Irish Republican Army||CIRA||1994–|
|Real Irish Republican Army||RIRA||1997–|
|Óglaigh na hÉireann (Real IRA splinter group)||ONH||2009-|
|Ulster Protestant Volunteers||UPV||1966–1969|
|Ulster Volunteer Force|
Red Hand Commando
|Ulster Defence Association|
Ulster Freedom Fighters
|Loyalist Volunteer Force||LVF||1996–2005|
|Red Hand Defenders||RHD||1998–|
- Ulster Army Council (UAC)
- Ulster Loyalist Central Co-ordinating Committee (ULCCC)
- Combined Loyalist Military Command (CLMC)
In the table below:
- The period of activity for republican groups is shown in green.
- The period of activity for loyalist groups is shown in orange.
- The period of ceasefire is shown in grey.
State security forcesEdit
- The British Army
- The Territorial Army
- The Royal Air Force
- The Royal Navy
- The Metropolitan Police
- The Security Service (MI5)
- The Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) – to 3 November 2001
- The Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) – from 4 November 2001
- The Ulster Special Constabulary (USC) – to 30 April 1970
- The Northern Ireland Prison Service (NIPS)
Republic of IrelandEdit
- Irish Army
- An Garda Síochána (police)
Listing includes brief summary of ideology and position on the Good Friday Agreement 1998.
- Sinn Féin (SF). President: Gerry Adams. Militant nationalist. Often associated with the Provisional IRA. Translation from Irish: "We Ourselves". Pro-Agreement.
- The Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP). Leader: Margaret Ritchie. Moderate centre-left nationalist. Pro-Agreement.
- The Irish Republican Socialist Party (IRSP). Militant nationalist. Political wing of INLA. Anti-Agreement.
- Republican Sinn Féin (RSF). President: Des Dalton. Militant nationalist. Often associated with the Continuity IRA. Anti-Agreement.
- The 32 County Sovereignty Movement (32CSM). President: Francis Mackey. Militant Nationalist. Often associated with the Real IRA. Anti-Agreement.
- The Workers' Party (WP). President: Mick Finnegan. Marxist nationalist. Formerly Official Sinn Féin. Pro-Agreement.
- The Republican Network for Unity (RNU). Militant nationalist. Accused by Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) of being the political wing of Óglaigh na hÉireann (Real IRA splinter group) however rejected by both groups. Anti-Agreement.
- The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP). Leader: Peter Robinson. Radical populist unionist. Originally anti-Agreement; now pro-Agreement.
- The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP). Leader: Tom Elliott. Moderate conservative unionist. Pro-Agreement.
- The Progressive Unionist Party (PUP). Leader: Brian Ervine. Moderate centre-left unionist. Political wing of Ulster Volunteer Force. Pro-Agreement.
- The Conservative Party also organises and contests elections in Northern Ireland. Moderate unionist. Pro-Agreement.
- The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland. Leader: David Ford. Liberal cross-community. Pro-Agreement
- The Green Party. Environmentalist. Pro-Agreement.
- Ulster Third Way. Supports Northern Ireland independence.
Northern Ireland governmentEdit
- Prime Minister
Northern Ireland legislaturesEdit
The Parliament of Northern Ireland:
- The Northern Ireland Assembly (1973–1974)
- The Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention (1975–1976)
- The Northern Ireland Assembly (1982–1986)
- The Northern Ireland Forum (1996–1998)
- The Northern Ireland Assembly
Republic of Ireland governmentEdit
United Kingdom governmentEdit
- The House of Commons
- The House of Lords
- The Northern Ireland Affairs Committee (House of Commons)
- The Northern Ireland Grand Committee (House of Commons)
- British-Irish Council (BIC)
- British-Irish Inter-Parliamentary Body
- North/South Ministerial Council (NSMC)
Key steps in the peace processEdit
- Sunningdale Agreement (1973)
- Anglo-Irish Agreement (1985)
- Downing Street Declaration (1993)
- Establishment of the IICD (1997)
- Belfast Agreement (1998)
- Amendment of Articles 2 and 3 (1999)
- Establishment of the Independent Monitoring Commission (2003)
- IRA Ceasefire & Decommissioning (2005)
- St Andrews Agreement (2006)
Cultural and religious organisationsEdit
- The Roman Catholic Church in Ireland
- The Church of Ireland (Anglican)
- The Presbyterian Church in Ireland
- The Methodist Church in Ireland
- The Apprentice Boys of Derry
- The Orange Institution
- The Independent Orange Order
- The Royal Black Institution
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