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The following directory lists and provides links to articles about the Troubles.

Main articlesEdit

ParamilitariesEdit

Anti-terrorist laws in both Ireland and the UK proscribe (ban) membership of a number of republican and loyalist groups organised in Northern Ireland. Several other smaller paramilitary factions have appeared throughout the Troubles as well as cover-names used to deflect responsibility for attacks.

Note: In this context, operational refers to the period during which the 'official' paramilitary campaign was conducted.

RepublicansEdit

Name Initials Operational
Saor Éire1967–1975
Provisional Irish Republican ArmyPIRA1970–2005
Official Irish Republican ArmyOIRA1970–1972
Irish National Liberation ArmyINLA1974–2009
Irish People's Liberation OrganisationIPLO1986–1992
Continuity Irish Republican ArmyCIRA1994–
Real Irish Republican ArmyRIRA1997–
Óglaigh na hÉireann (Real IRA splinter group)ONH2009-

Umbrella groups

LoyalistsEdit

Name Initials Operational
Ulster Protestant VolunteersUPV1966–1969
Ulster Volunteer Force
Red Hand Commando
UVF
RHC
1966–2007
1972–2007
Ulster Defence Association
Ulster Freedom Fighters
UDA
UFF
1971–2007
Ulster ResistanceUR1986–?
Loyalist Volunteer ForceLVF1996–2005
Orange VolunteersOV1998–
Red Hand DefendersRHD1998–

Umbrella groups

In the table below:

  • The period of activity for republican groups is shown in green.
  • The period of activity for loyalist groups is shown in orange.
  • The period of ceasefire is shown in grey.
Group Year
70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99
Provisional IRA
Official IRA
UVF
UDA
INLA
IPLO
Continuity IRA
Real IRA
LVF

State security forcesEdit

United KingdomEdit

Northern IrelandEdit

Republic of IrelandEdit

Political partiesEdit

Listing includes brief summary of ideology and position on the Good Friday Agreement 1998.

Irish Nationalist/RepublicanEdit

Ulster Unionist/LoyalistEdit

  • The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP). Leader: Peter Robinson. Radical populist unionist. Originally anti-Agreement; now pro-Agreement.
  • The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP). Leader: Tom Elliott. Moderate conservative unionist. Pro-Agreement.
  • The Progressive Unionist Party (PUP). Leader: Brian Ervine. Moderate centre-left unionist. Political wing of Ulster Volunteer Force. Pro-Agreement.
  • The Conservative Party also organises and contests elections in Northern Ireland. Moderate unionist. Pro-Agreement.

OtherEdit

Political structuresEdit

Northern Ireland governmentEdit

1921-1972

1998-

Northern Ireland legislaturesEdit

1921-1972
The Parliament of Northern Ireland:

1972-1998

1998-

Republic of Ireland governmentEdit

United Kingdom governmentEdit

Peace processEdit

Co-operative bodiesEdit

Key steps in the peace processEdit

Cultural and religious organisationsEdit

NationalistEdit

UnionistEdit

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