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==History==
 
==History==
After [[Battle of Belgium|its invasion]] by Germany in June 1940, Belgium was initially placed under a "temporary" military government. This was in spite of more radical factions within the German government such as the [[SS]] urging for the installation of another [[Reichskommissariat|Nazi civil government]], as had been done in [[Reichskommissariat Norwegen|Norway]] and [[Reichskommissariat Niederlande|the Netherlands]].<ref>Rich, Norman: ''Hitler's War Aims: The Establishment of the New Order'', page 173. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1974.</ref> It was joined together with the two French départements of ''Nord'' and ''Pas-de-Calais'' (included on the grounds that [[French Flanders|part of this territory]] belonged to Germanic Flanders, as well as the fact that the entire region formed an integral economic unit<ref>Rich, Norman, page 172.</ref>) as the [[Military Administration in Belgium and North France]] (''Militärverwaltung in Belgien und Nordfrankreich'').
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After [[Battle of Belgium|its invasion]] by Germany in June 1940, Belgium was initially placed under a "temporary" military government. This was in spite of more radical factions within the German government such as the [[SS]] urging for the installation of another [[Reichskommissariat|Nazi civil government]], as had been done in [[Reichskommissariat Norwegen|Norway]] and [[Reichskommissariat Niederlande|the Netherlands]].<ref>Rich, Norman: ''Hitler's War Aims: The Establishment of the New Order'', page 173. W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1974.</ref> It was joined together with the two French départements of ''[[Nord (French department)|Nord]]'' and ''Pas-de-Calais'' (included on the grounds that [[French Flanders|part of this territory]] belonged to Germanic Flanders, as well as the fact that the entire region formed an integral economic unit<ref>Rich, Norman, page 172.</ref>) as the [[Military Administration in Belgium and North France]] (''Militärverwaltung in Belgien und Nordfrankreich'').
 
In spite of this uncompromising attitude at the time, it was decided that the entire area should someday be assimilated into the Third Reich<ref>Rich, Norman, pp. 171, 196.</ref> and divided into three new [[Reichsgau]]e of a [[Greater Germanic Reich]]: ''Flandern'' and ''[[Province of Brabant|Brabant]]'' for the Flemish territories and ''Wallonien'' for the Walloon parts.<ref>Bernhard Kroener, Rolf-Dieter Müller, Hans Umbreit (2003). ''Germany and the Second World War: Volume V/II''. Oxford University Press, p. 26 [http://books.google.nl/books?id=OUb44s1ptrAC&pg=PA26&dq=flandern+reichsgaue&hl=nl&ei=B3jgTN-JCMKSjAem0vTBAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=brabant&f=false]</ref> On 12 July 1944, a [[Reichskommissariat Belgien-Nordfrankreich]] was established to accomplish precisely this goal, derived from the previous military administration.<ref>Rich, Norman, p. 195.</ref> This step was only taken at the very end of [[World War II]], when Germany's armies were already in full retreat. The new government was ousted by the [[Allies of World War II|Allied]] advances in Western Europe in September 1944 and the authority of the Belgian government-in-exile was restored. The actual incorporation into the Nazi state of these new provinces therefore only occurred ''de jure'' and with its leaders already in exile in Germany. The only place where any notable gain was made in re-establishing Reich authority occurred in parts of southern Wallonia during the [[Ardennes Campaign]]. The collaborators merely achieved a [[Pyrrhic victory]] since when the Allied tanks had rolled into Belgium several months before this already signalled the end of their personal domains in the Reich. Many of their supporters fled to Germany, where they were conscripted into the [[Waffen-SS]] to participate in the final military campaigns of the Third Reich.
 
In spite of this uncompromising attitude at the time, it was decided that the entire area should someday be assimilated into the Third Reich<ref>Rich, Norman, pp. 171, 196.</ref> and divided into three new [[Reichsgau]]e of a [[Greater Germanic Reich]]: ''Flandern'' and ''[[Province of Brabant|Brabant]]'' for the Flemish territories and ''Wallonien'' for the Walloon parts.<ref>Bernhard Kroener, Rolf-Dieter Müller, Hans Umbreit (2003). ''Germany and the Second World War: Volume V/II''. Oxford University Press, p. 26 [http://books.google.nl/books?id=OUb44s1ptrAC&pg=PA26&dq=flandern+reichsgaue&hl=nl&ei=B3jgTN-JCMKSjAem0vTBAQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=brabant&f=false]</ref> On 12 July 1944, a [[Reichskommissariat Belgien-Nordfrankreich]] was established to accomplish precisely this goal, derived from the previous military administration.<ref>Rich, Norman, p. 195.</ref> This step was only taken at the very end of [[World War II]], when Germany's armies were already in full retreat. The new government was ousted by the [[Allies of World War II|Allied]] advances in Western Europe in September 1944 and the authority of the Belgian government-in-exile was restored. The actual incorporation into the Nazi state of these new provinces therefore only occurred ''de jure'' and with its leaders already in exile in Germany. The only place where any notable gain was made in re-establishing Reich authority occurred in parts of southern Wallonia during the [[Ardennes Campaign]]. The collaborators merely achieved a [[Pyrrhic victory]] since when the Allied tanks had rolled into Belgium several months before this already signalled the end of their personal domains in the Reich. Many of their supporters fled to Germany, where they were conscripted into the [[Waffen-SS]] to participate in the final military campaigns of the Third Reich.
   

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