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{{short description|Outline of the British Army at the end of the Cold War}}
 
{{short description|Outline of the British Army at the end of the Cold War}}
 
{{Use British English|date=December 2020}}
 
{{Use British English|date=December 2020}}
{{Use dmy dates|date=December 2020}} This page represents the structure of the [[British Army]] in 1989, the last year of the [[Cold War]].<ref name=":82">1991 Master Order of Battle (pages are not provided in the document).</ref>
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{{Use dmy dates|date=December 2020}} This page represents the structure of the [[British Army]] in 1989, the last year of the [[Cold War]].<ref name=":82">1991 Master Order of Battle (pages are not provided in the document).</ref> As of 1 April 1989, the following amounts of troops were deployed around the world: 71,000 in [[Great Britain]], 56,000 (of which the Berlin brigade makes up 3,000), 10,200 in Northern Ireland (including 3,200 on roulement), 5,000 in Hong Kong, 4,000 in the Lines of Communications counties ([[Netherlands]] and [[Belgium]]), 3,200 in Cyprus (including 850 on roulement), 1,300 in Belize (including in 1,000 on roulement), 1,000 in the Falkland Islands, 800 in Gibraltar, 800 in Brunei, 100 in Suffield (including 175 temporary staff from March–November 1989), and 60 in Zimbabwe.<ref name=":84">Staff Officer's Handbook 1988, pp. 2–3.</ref>
As of 1 April 1989, the following amounts of troops were deployed around the world: 71,000 in [[Great Britain]], 56,000 (of which the Berlin brigade makes up 3,000), 10,200 in Northern Ireland (including 3,200 on roulement), 5,000 in Hong Kong, 4,000 in the Lines of Communications counties ([[Netherlands]] and [[Belgium]]), 3,200 in Cyprus (including 850 on roulement), 1,300 in Belize (including in 1,000 on roulement), 1,000 in the Falkland Islands, 800 in Gibraltar, 800 in Brunei, 100 in Suffield (including 175 temporary staff from March–November 1989), and 60 in Zimbabwe.<ref name=":84">Staff Officer's Handbook 1988, pp. 2–3.</ref>
 
 
 
For the corps, the following formed each percentage of the army as at 1 April 1989: 27.0% the Infantry, 10.0% Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, 9.7% Royal Engineers, 9.0% Royal Artillery (and Royal Horse Artillery), 8.5% Royal Corps of Signals, 7.3% Royal Armoured Corps, 6.9% Royal Corps of Transport, 5.4% Royal Army Ordnance Corps, 3.15% E2, 3.1% Army Catering Corps, 2.6% Royal Army Medical Corps, 1.5% Royal Military Police, 1.4% Royal Army Pay Corps, 1.2% Army Air Corps, 1.0% Royal Pioneer Corps, 0.9% Intelligence Corps, 0.3% Royal Army Educational Corps, 0.3% Royal Army Dental Corps, 0.3% Army Physical Training Corps, 0.1% Royal Army Chaplain Corps, 0.1% Royal Army Veterinary Corps, 0.1% Small Arms School Corps, 0.1% Military Provost Staff Corps, and 0.05% Army Legal Corps. The above figures are for United Kingdom Trained Adult Males (UKTAM) only; they exclude young soldiers, junior soldiers (boys), Women Services, and Gurkhas. The Military Personnel Target 1988 (Global) is divided into MPT (Defence) (135,897) and MPT (Military Assistants) (1,050), the total being 136,947.<ref name=":84" />
 
For the corps, the following formed each percentage of the army as at 1 April 1989: 27.0% the Infantry, 10.0% Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, 9.7% Royal Engineers, 9.0% Royal Artillery (and Royal Horse Artillery), 8.5% Royal Corps of Signals, 7.3% Royal Armoured Corps, 6.9% Royal Corps of Transport, 5.4% Royal Army Ordnance Corps, 3.15% E2, 3.1% Army Catering Corps, 2.6% Royal Army Medical Corps, 1.5% Royal Military Police, 1.4% Royal Army Pay Corps, 1.2% Army Air Corps, 1.0% Royal Pioneer Corps, 0.9% Intelligence Corps, 0.3% Royal Army Educational Corps, 0.3% Royal Army Dental Corps, 0.3% Army Physical Training Corps, 0.1% Royal Army Chaplain Corps, 0.1% Royal Army Veterinary Corps, 0.1% Small Arms School Corps, 0.1% Military Provost Staff Corps, and 0.05% Army Legal Corps. The above figures are for United Kingdom Trained Adult Males (UKTAM) only; they exclude young soldiers, junior soldiers (boys), Women Services, and Gurkhas. The Military Personnel Target 1988 (Global) is divided into MPT (Defence) (135,897) and MPT (Military Assistants) (1,050), the total being 136,947.<ref name=":84" />
   
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=== Army Headquarters ===
 
=== Army Headquarters ===
   
* '''Chief Engineer, British Army of the Rhine<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":83">{{Cite web|last=Mackie|first=Colin|date=26 June 2020|title=Senior Army Appointments: 1860–present|url=http://www.gulabin.com/armynavy/pdf/Army%20Commands%201860-.pdf|access-date=29 May 2021|website=Gulabin}}</ref>'''
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* '''Chief Engineer, British Army of the Rhine<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22">{{Cite web|last=Fritz|first=Alter|date=October 2018|title=British Army of the Rhine & Royal Air Force Germany 1989: Organisation and stationing of the British Armed Forces in Germany in 1989|url=https://www.relikte.com/_basis/docs/baor-rafg-2.pdf|access-date=5 April 2021|website=Relics in Upper Saxony & Bremen}}</ref><ref name=":10">{{Cite web|last=Vieux-Bill|first=Louis|date=May 2021|title=British Army of the Rhine Order of Battle, July 1989|url=https://www.orbat85.nl/documents/BAOR-July-1989.pdf|access-date=8 June 2021|website=1985 Orders of Battle}}</ref>'''
 
** Chief Engineer, British Army of the Rhine {{Rating|1}} [[Brigadier]] W. Ian C. Dobbie
 
** Chief Engineer, British Army of the Rhine {{Rating|1}} [[Brigadier]] W. Ian C. Dobbie
   
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==== Corps Headquarters ====
 
==== Corps Headquarters ====
   
* '''Commander, Royal Engineers, I (British) Corps<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":83" />'''
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* '''Commander, Royal Engineers, I (British) Corps<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />'''
 
** Commander, Royal Engineers, I (British) Corps {{Rating|1}} [[Brigadier]] Thomas R. Wright
 
** Commander, Royal Engineers, I (British) Corps {{Rating|1}} [[Brigadier]] Thomas R. Wright
   
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Part of the cost cutting measures of the early 1980s, it was decided to disband an armoured division and and possibly reform it as a United Kingdom based infantry division. Therefore, in January 1983, the 2nd Infantry Division was reformed at [[Imphal Barracks]], [[York]] with its HQ and divisional signal regiment retaining a forward deployed signal troop in [[Lippstadt]], providing a forward communications link. The division remained part of the British Army of the Rhine, but was unique in its structure, since it commanded one regular brigade (24th Infantry, later Airmobile Brigade), and two Territorial Army brigades (15th at York and 49th at Nottingham). At the same time, the division assumed responsibility for North East District.<ref name=":0">Lord & Watson, p. 28</ref>
 
Part of the cost cutting measures of the early 1980s, it was decided to disband an armoured division and and possibly reform it as a United Kingdom based infantry division. Therefore, in January 1983, the 2nd Infantry Division was reformed at [[Imphal Barracks]], [[York]] with its HQ and divisional signal regiment retaining a forward deployed signal troop in [[Lippstadt]], providing a forward communications link. The division remained part of the British Army of the Rhine, but was unique in its structure, since it commanded one regular brigade (24th Infantry, later Airmobile Brigade), and two Territorial Army brigades (15th at York and 49th at Nottingham). At the same time, the division assumed responsibility for North East District.<ref name=":0">Lord & Watson, p. 28</ref>
   
* '''[[2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 2nd Infantry Division]]<ref name=":82" />''' (0195), at [[Imphal Barracks]], [[York]]<ref name=":6">Lord & Watson, pp. 23–39 (Regular Signal Regiments 1st to 30th)</ref><ref name=":3">{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 2 Regiment|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-signals/regiments---major-units-2/2-regiment-2.html|access-date=2021-06-04|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref>
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* '''[[2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 2nd Infantry Division]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''' (0195), at [[Imphal Barracks]], [[York]]<ref name=":6">Lord & Watson, pp. 23–39 (Regular Signal Regiments 1st to 30th)</ref><ref name=":3">{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 2 Regiment|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-signals/regiments---major-units-2/2-regiment-2.html|access-date=2021-06-04|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref>
 
** [[2 Signal Regiment (United Kingdom)|2nd Infantry Divisional Signal Regiment, Royal Corps of Signals]], at Imphal Barracks, York<ref name=":6" /><ref name=":3" />
 
** [[2 Signal Regiment (United Kingdom)|2nd Infantry Divisional Signal Regiment, Royal Corps of Signals]], at Imphal Barracks, York<ref name=":6" /><ref name=":3" />
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** '''Divisional Royal Artillery'''<ref group="Note">The field artillery regiments and air defence regiment remained under brigade control (for administrative purposes). However, if mobilised, these regiments would join the divisional artillery command.</ref>
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** '''Divisional Royal Engineers'''
   
 
===== 15th Infantry Brigade =====
 
===== 15th Infantry Brigade =====
   
* '''[[15th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 15th Infantry Brigade]]<ref name=":82" />''' (0172), at [[Alanbrooke Barracks]], [[Topcliffe, North Yorkshire|Topcliffe]]<ref name=":4">Drenth, pp. 10–14</ref>
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* '''[[15th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 15th Infantry Brigade]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''' (0172), at [[Alanbrooke Barracks]], [[Topcliffe, North Yorkshire|Topcliffe]]<ref name=":4">Drenth, pp. 10–14</ref>
 
** [[Queen's Own Yeomanry]] (V), at [[Fenham Barracks]], [[Newcastle upon Tyne]] (Armoured Car Reconnaissance, 80 x [[Fox armoured reconnaissance vehicle|Fox armoured cars]] and 20 x [[FV103 Spartan|FV103 Spartans]])
 
** [[Queen's Own Yeomanry]] (V), at [[Fenham Barracks]], [[Newcastle upon Tyne]] (Armoured Car Reconnaissance, 80 x [[Fox armoured reconnaissance vehicle|Fox armoured cars]] and 20 x [[FV103 Spartan|FV103 Spartans]])
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** [[101st (Northumbrian) Regiment Royal Artillery|101st (Northumbrian) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery]] (V), in [[Gateshead]] (Light Field Artillery, 24 x [[L118 light gun|L118 105mm Light Guns]])
   
 
===== 24th Airmobile Brigade =====
 
===== 24th Airmobile Brigade =====
 
All battalions in the 24th Airmobile Brigade were allocated a signal troop from the [[Royal Corps of Signals]], which would remain at their location and support the unit when it was deployed to the station and brigade. The brigade was previously the 24th Infantry Brigade under 2nd Infantry Division, but after extensive trails swapped roles with the 6th Airmobile Brigade and became an airmobile formation itself.<ref name=":78">{{Cite web|title=The Army (Hansard, 26 January 1988)|url=https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1988/jan/26/the-army|access-date=2021-05-26|website=api.parliament.uk}}</ref> In 1990 several MPs describe the brigade as "no more mobile than a bicycle battalion", due to a lack of helicopters available.<ref name=":81">{{Cite web|title=The Army (Hansard, 5 June 1990)|url=https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1990/jun/05/the-army|access-date=2021-05-26|website=api.parliament.uk}}</ref><ref name=":78" />
 
All battalions in the 24th Airmobile Brigade were allocated a signal troop from the [[Royal Corps of Signals]], which would remain at their location and support the unit when it was deployed to the station and brigade. The brigade was previously the 24th Infantry Brigade under 2nd Infantry Division, but after extensive trails swapped roles with the 6th Airmobile Brigade and became an airmobile formation itself.<ref name=":78">{{Cite web|title=The Army (Hansard, 26 January 1988)|url=https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1988/jan/26/the-army|access-date=2021-05-26|website=api.parliament.uk}}</ref> In 1990 several MPs describe the brigade as "no more mobile than a bicycle battalion", due to a lack of helicopters available.<ref name=":81">{{Cite web|title=The Army (Hansard, 5 June 1990)|url=https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1990/jun/05/the-army|access-date=2021-05-26|website=api.parliament.uk}}</ref><ref name=":78" />
   
* '''[[24th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 24th Airmobile Brigade]]<ref name=":82" />''' (0182), at [[Catterick Garrison]]<ref name=":5">{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 210 Squadron|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-signals/squadrons-2/210-squadron.html|access-date=2021-06-04|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref><ref name=":7">Lord & Watson, pp. 79–107 (Regular Signal Squadrons, 200–299)</ref>
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* '''[[24th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 24th Airmobile Brigade]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''' (0182), at [[Catterick Garrison]]<ref name=":5">{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 210 Squadron|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-signals/squadrons-2/210-squadron.html|access-date=2021-06-04|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref><ref name=":7">Lord & Watson, pp. 79–107 (Regular Signal Squadrons, 200–299)</ref>
 
** 210 Signal Squadron, Royal Corps of Signals, at Catterick Garrison<ref name=":5" /><ref name=":7" />
 
** 210 Signal Squadron, Royal Corps of Signals, at Catterick Garrison<ref name=":5" /><ref name=":7" />
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** [[27th Regiment Royal Artillery|27th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery]], at [[Alanbrooke Barracks]], [[Topcliffe, North Yorkshire|Topcliffe]]<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 27th Regiment RA|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-artillery/27th-regiment-ra.html|access-date=2021-06-09|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref> (18 x [[FH70|FH70 155mm field howitzers]])
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** 16th Air Defence Regiment, Royal Artillery, at [[Rapier Barracks]], [[Kirton in Lindsey]]<ref name=":23">{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 16th Regiment RA|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-artillery/16th-regiment-ra.html|access-date=2021-06-09|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref> (36 x Towed Rapiers and 12 x Blindfire Radar) – 20 Battery reformed in April 1990<ref name=":23" /> – RHQ and 2 x Batteries would go to 1st Artillery Brigade, while 1 x Battery each then to 1st Infantry Brigade and 24th Airmobile Brigade
   
 
===== 49th Infantry Brigade =====
 
===== 49th Infantry Brigade =====
   
* '''[[49th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 49th Infantry Brigade]]'''<ref name=":82" /> (0174), at [[Chetwynd Barracks]], [[Nottingham]]'''<ref name=":0" />'''
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* '''[[49th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 49th Infantry Brigade]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''' (0174), at [[Chetwynd Barracks]], [[Nottingham]]'''<ref name=":0" />'''
 
** [[Royal Yeomanry]] (V), in [[London]] (Armoured Car Reconnaissance, 80 x [[Fox armoured reconnaissance vehicle|Fox armoured cars]] and 20 x [[FV103 Spartan|FV103 Spartans]])
 
** [[Royal Yeomanry]] (V), in [[London]] (Armoured Car Reconnaissance, 80 x [[Fox armoured reconnaissance vehicle|Fox armoured cars]] and 20 x [[FV103 Spartan|FV103 Spartans]])
*** [[North Irish Horse|D (North Irish Horse) Squadron]], in [[Belfast]] – not separate, but was not near HQ and is therefore separately shown
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*** [[North Irish Horse|D (North Irish Horse) Squadron]], in [[Belfast]] – not separate, but was not near HQ and is therefore shown
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** [[100th (Yeomanry) Regiment Royal Artillery|100th (Yeomanry) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery]], in [[Grove Park, Lewisham|Grove Park]], [[London]] (Light Field Artillery, 24 x [[L118 light gun|L118 105mm Light Guns]])
   
 
===== 29th Engineer Brigade =====
 
===== 29th Engineer Brigade =====
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29th Engineer Brigade (Volunteers) comprised three Territorial Army engineer regiments. The brigade would deploy from the United Kingdom with the reinforcement wave.<ref>Drenth, p. 3</ref> The brigade would come under command of the 2nd Infantry Division when deployed to West Germany. The primary task of the brigade was to hold the crossing over the [[Weser|Weser river]] (and demolish if necessary).<ref>Drenth, p. 16</ref> The brigade upon deploying to Germany would also take under command an all-arms force defending the [[Upper Weser Valley|Weser Valley]], effectively becoming the third manoeuvre brigade for the 2nd Infantry Division.<ref name=":10" />
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  +
These regiments would provide route maintenance and other engineering in the corps rear area along with the preparation for defensive positions on the west bank of the river.<ref name=":10" />
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  +
* '''[[29 (Explosive Ordnance Disposal and Search) Group|29th Engineer Brigade]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />'''
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** Brigade Headquarters and Signal Troop, [[Royal Corps of Signals]], at [[Fenham Barracks]], [[Newcastle upon Tyne]]
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** [[71 Engineer Regiment (United Kingdom)|71st (Scottish) Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers]] (V), in [[Glasgow]]
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** [[72 (Tyne Electrical Engineers) Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers|72nd (Tyne Electrical Engineers) Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers]] (V), in [[Gateshead]]
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** [[73 Engineer Regiment (United Kingdom)|73rd Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers]] (V), in [[Nottingham]]
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** [[105 (Tyne Electrical Engineers) Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers|105 (Tyne Electrical Engineers) Plant Squadron, Royal Engineers]] (V), at Frenchmans Fort, [[South Shields]]
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** 117 (Highland) Field Support Squadron, Royal Engineers (V), in [[Dundee]]
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** 873 Movement Light Squadron, Royal Engineers (V), in [[Acton]]
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** 29th Engineer Brigade Workshop, [[Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers]] (V), at HQ REME TA, [[Louisburg Barracks]], [[Bordon]]
  +
  +
==== 3rd Armoured Division ====
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  +
* [[9th/12th Royal Lancers (Prince of Wales's)]], at [[Carver Barracks]], [[Wimbish]]<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 9th/12th Royal Lancers|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-armoured-corps/9th-12th-royal-lancers.html|access-date=2021-06-09|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref><ref>Watson & Rinaldi Germany, pp. 103–112 (BAOR 1983–1990)</ref> (Armoured Reconnaissance (Tracked), 24 x [[CVR(T) Scorpion|CVR(T) Scorpions]], 24 x [[CVR(T) Scimitar|CVR(T) Scimitars]], 19 x [[CVR(T) Spartan|CVR(T) Spartans]], and 16 x [[CVR(T) Striker|CVR(T) Strikers]])
   
 
==== 4th Armoured Division ====
 
==== 4th Armoured Division ====
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===== 19th Infantry Brigade =====
 
===== 19th Infantry Brigade =====
   
* '''[[19th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 19th Infantry Brigade]]'''<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":10">{{Cite web|last=Vieux-Bill|first=Louis|date=May 2021|title=British Army of the Rhine Order of Battle, July 1989|url=https://www.orbat85.nl/documents/BAOR-July-1989.pdf|access-date=8 June 2021|website=1985 Orders of Battle}}</ref> (0180), at Goojerat Barracks, [[Colchester Garrison]]<ref name=":7" /><ref name=":8">{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 209 Squadron|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-signals/squadrons-2/209-squadron.html|access-date=2021-06-04|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref>
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* '''[[19th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 19th Infantry Brigade]]'''<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" /> (0180), at Goojerat Barracks, [[Colchester Garrison]]<ref name=":7" /><ref name=":8">{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 209 Squadron|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-signals/squadrons-2/209-squadron.html|access-date=2021-06-04|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref>
 
** 209 Signal Squadron, [[Royal Corps of Signals]], at Goojerat Barracks, Colchester Garrison<ref name=":7" /><ref name=":8" />
 
** 209 Signal Squadron, [[Royal Corps of Signals]], at Goojerat Barracks, Colchester Garrison<ref name=":7" /><ref name=":8" />
** [[Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales' Own)]], at Bhurtpore Barracks, [[Tidworth Camp]]<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - Royal Hussars|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-armoured-corps/royal-hussars.html|access-date=2021-06-09|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref> (Armoured Reconnaissance (Tracked), 16 x [[CVR(T) Scorpion|CVR(T) Scorpions]] and 6 x [[CVR(T) Spartan|CVR(T) Spartans]])
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** [[Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales' Own)]], at Bhurtpore Barracks, [[Tidworth Camp]]<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - Royal Hussars|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-armoured-corps/royal-hussars.html|access-date=2021-06-09|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref> (Type 57 Armoured, 57 x [[Challenger 1|Challenger 1 main battle tanks]], 14 x [[FV432|FV432 armoured personnel carriers]], and 8 x [[CVR(T) Scorpion|CVR(T) Scorpions]])
  +
*** C Squadron (to Allied Mobile Force)
 
*** B Squadron, at [[Harman Lines]], [[Warminster]] (RAC Demo Sqn at the School of Infantry)
 
*** B Squadron, at [[Harman Lines]], [[Warminster]] (RAC Demo Sqn at the School of Infantry)
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** [[45th Regiment Royal Artillery|45th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery]], at Kirkee Barracks, Colchester Garrison<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 45th Regiment RA|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-artillery/45th-regiment-ra.html|access-date=2021-06-09|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref> (18 x [[FH70|FH70 155mm field howitzers]])
   
 
== United Kingdom Land Forces ==
 
== United Kingdom Land Forces ==
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* '''Headquarters, [[United Kingdom Land Forces]]''', at [[Erskine Barracks]], [[Wilton, Wiltshire|Wilton]]<ref name=":16">Beevor, pp. 230–242 (UK Land Forces)</ref>
 
* '''Headquarters, [[United Kingdom Land Forces]]''', at [[Erskine Barracks]], [[Wilton, Wiltshire|Wilton]]<ref name=":16">Beevor, pp. 230–242 (UK Land Forces)</ref>
** Commander, United Kingdom Land Forces {{Rating|4}} [[General]] [[Charles Huxtable (British Army officer)|Sir Charles Richard Huxtable]]<ref name=":83" />
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** Commander, United Kingdom Land Forces {{Rating|4}} [[General]] [[Charles Huxtable (British Army officer)|Sir Charles Richard Huxtable]]<ref name=":83">{{Cite web|last=Mackie|first=Colin|date=26 June 2020|title=Senior Army Appointments: 1860–present|url=http://www.gulabin.com/armynavy/pdf/Army%20Commands%201860-.pdf|access-date=29 May 2021|website=Gulabin}}</ref>
 
** Infantry Training Unit (United Kingdom Land Forces)<ref name=":82" />
 
** Infantry Training Unit (United Kingdom Land Forces)<ref name=":82" />
 
** Commander, United Kingdom Land Forces Home Defence Companies<ref group="Note">Oversaw the home defence companies (Home Service Force) for administrative purposes.</ref>
 
** Commander, United Kingdom Land Forces Home Defence Companies<ref group="Note">Oversaw the home defence companies (Home Service Force) for administrative purposes.</ref>
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===== 5th Airborne Brigade =====
 
===== 5th Airborne Brigade =====
   
* '''[[5th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 5th Airborne Brigade]]<ref name=":82" />'''<ref>Staff Officer's Handbook, p. 21</ref> (0170), at Arnhem Barracks, Aldershot Garrison<ref name=":9">{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 216 Squadron|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-signals/squadrons-2/216-squadron.html|access-date=2021-06-04|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref><ref name=":7" />
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* '''[[5th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 5th Airborne Brigade]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''' (0170), at Arnhem Barracks, [[Aldershot Garrison]]<ref name=":9">{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 216 Squadron|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-signals/squadrons-2/216-squadron.html|access-date=2021-06-04|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref><ref name=":7" />
 
** [[205 Signal Squadron|205 Signal Squadron, Royal Corps of Signals]], at Arnhem Barracks, Aldershot Garrison<ref name=":9" /><ref name=":7" />
 
** [[205 Signal Squadron|205 Signal Squadron, Royal Corps of Signals]], at Arnhem Barracks, Aldershot Garrison<ref name=":9" /><ref name=":7" />
 
** [[Life Guards (United Kingdom)|The Life Guards]], at [[Combermere Barracks]], [[Windsor, Berkshire|Windsor]]<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - Life Guards|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-armoured-corps/life-guards.html|access-date=2021-06-09|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref> (Armoured Reconnaissance (Wheeled), 10 x [[CVR(T) Scorpion|CVR(T) Scorpions]], 9 x [[CVR(T) Scimitar|CVR(T) Scimitars]], 6 x [[CVR(T) Spartan]], 6 x [[CVR(T) Striker]] 1 x [[CVR(T) Sultan]]) – C Sqn detached to Cyprus from January–July 1989 on UN duty
 
** [[Life Guards (United Kingdom)|The Life Guards]], at [[Combermere Barracks]], [[Windsor, Berkshire|Windsor]]<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - Life Guards|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-armoured-corps/life-guards.html|access-date=2021-06-09|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref> (Armoured Reconnaissance (Wheeled), 10 x [[CVR(T) Scorpion|CVR(T) Scorpions]], 9 x [[CVR(T) Scimitar|CVR(T) Scimitars]], 6 x [[CVR(T) Spartan]], 6 x [[CVR(T) Striker]] 1 x [[CVR(T) Sultan]]) – C Sqn detached to Cyprus from January–July 1989 on UN duty
 
*** B Squadron (assigned to 3rd Commando Brigade, Royal Marines)
 
*** B Squadron (assigned to 3rd Commando Brigade, Royal Marines)
 
*** C Squadron (assigned to protect key government personnel and the [[British royal family|Royal Family]], 7 x [[Fox Armoured Car|Fox Armoured Cars]] and 2 x [[CVR(T) Spartan]])
 
*** C Squadron (assigned to protect key government personnel and the [[British royal family|Royal Family]], 7 x [[Fox Armoured Car|Fox Armoured Cars]] and 2 x [[CVR(T) Spartan]])
  +
** [[7th Parachute Regiment Royal Horse Artillery|7th Parachute Regiment, Royal Horse Artillery]], at Lille Barracks, Aldershot Garrison<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 7th Regiment RHA|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-artillery/7th-regiment-rha.html|access-date=2021-06-09|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref> (18 x L118 105mm Light Guns)
  +
** P Air Defence Battery, [[Royal Artillery]] (10 x [[Javelin (surface-to-air missile)|Javelin surface-to-air missiles]])
   
 
==== Logistic Support Group ====
 
==== Logistic Support Group ====
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Army Headquarters Scotland encompassing [[Scotland]]. During peacetime the HQ doubles as the No. 1 Region, which encompassed Scotland. During wartime, the region would take over from the district as the overall HQ, and would be divided into two 'zones', which in Scotland encompassed Highland Zone overseen by 51st (Highland) Infantry Brigade, and Lowland Zone overseen by 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Brigade. These zones were further divided into several 'TAORs' (Tactical Area of Operational Responsibility).
 
Army Headquarters Scotland encompassing [[Scotland]]. During peacetime the HQ doubles as the No. 1 Region, which encompassed Scotland. During wartime, the region would take over from the district as the overall HQ, and would be divided into two 'zones', which in Scotland encompassed Highland Zone overseen by 51st (Highland) Infantry Brigade, and Lowland Zone overseen by 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Brigade. These zones were further divided into several 'TAORs' (Tactical Area of Operational Responsibility).
   
* '''[[Scottish Command|Headquarters, Headquarters Scotland]]'''<ref name=":82" /> (0159), at [[Craighall Camp]], [[Edinburgh]]<ref name=":4" /><ref>{{cite web|title=History of the 2nd Division|url=http://www.army.mod.uk/2div/about/history.htm|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20060728154748/http://www.army.mod.uk/2div/about/history.htm|archive-date=28 July 2006|accessdate=2007-09-05}}</ref>
+
* '''[[Scottish Command|Headquarters, Headquarters Scotland]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''' (0159), at [[Craighall Camp]], [[Edinburgh]]<ref name=":4" /><ref>{{cite web|title=History of the 2nd Division|url=http://www.army.mod.uk/2div/about/history.htm|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20060728154748/http://www.army.mod.uk/2div/about/history.htm|archive-date=28 July 2006|accessdate=2007-09-05}}</ref>
   
 
===== 51st (Highland) Brigade =====
 
===== 51st (Highland) Brigade =====
 
During war, 51st (Highland) Brigade would oversee Highland Zone, which encompassed the following TAORs: [[Orkney]], [[Shetland]], [[Western Isles]], [[Highland (region)]], [[Grampians]], [[Tayside]], [[Fife]], and [[Central Region, Scotland|Central Region]]. These TAORs were further divided into several 'KPs' (Keypoints), which would nominally be guarded by Home Defence battalions, but also the new Home Service Force.<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":91">Staff Officer's Handbook, pp. 18–20.</ref> 51st (Highland) Brigade encompassing the [[Scottish Highlands]]: [[Argyll]] (part of [[Strathclyde]]), [[Central Belt|Central Scotland]], [[Kingdom of Fife]], [[Tayside]], [[Grampian]], [[Highland (region)|Highland]], [[Western Isles]], [[Orkney]], and [[Shetland]]. 51st Infantry Brigade's primary role was that of mobile defence of the UK, with a particular emphasis on defending the military infrastructure at the UK end of the [[GIUK gap#Importance to the Royal Navy|Greenland-Iceland-UK (G-I-UK) Gap]] alongside 52 Brigade.
 
During war, 51st (Highland) Brigade would oversee Highland Zone, which encompassed the following TAORs: [[Orkney]], [[Shetland]], [[Western Isles]], [[Highland (region)]], [[Grampians]], [[Tayside]], [[Fife]], and [[Central Region, Scotland|Central Region]]. These TAORs were further divided into several 'KPs' (Keypoints), which would nominally be guarded by Home Defence battalions, but also the new Home Service Force.<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":91">Staff Officer's Handbook, pp. 18–20.</ref> 51st (Highland) Brigade encompassing the [[Scottish Highlands]]: [[Argyll]] (part of [[Strathclyde]]), [[Central Belt|Central Scotland]], [[Kingdom of Fife]], [[Tayside]], [[Grampian]], [[Highland (region)|Highland]], [[Western Isles]], [[Orkney]], and [[Shetland]]. 51st Infantry Brigade's primary role was that of mobile defence of the UK, with a particular emphasis on defending the military infrastructure at the UK end of the [[GIUK gap#Importance to the Royal Navy|Greenland-Iceland-UK (G-I-UK) Gap]] alongside 52 Brigade.
   
* '''[[51st (Highland) Infantry Brigade|Headquarters, 51st (Highland) Brigade]]'''<ref name=":82" /> (0236), in [[Perth, Scotland|Perth]]<ref name=":4" />
+
* '''[[51st (Highland) Infantry Brigade|Headquarters, 51st (Highland) Brigade]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''' (0236), in [[Perth, Scotland|Perth]]<ref name=":4" />
   
 
===== 52nd (Lowland) Brigade =====
 
===== 52nd (Lowland) Brigade =====
 
52nd (Lowland) Brigade encompassing the [[Scottish Lowlands]]: [[Lothian]], [[Scottish Borders]], [[Dumfries and Galloway]], and [[Strathclyde]] (minus [[Argyll]]). 52nd Brigade's primary role was that of mobile defence of the UK, with a particular emphasis on defending the military infrastructure at the UK end of the [[GIUK gap#Importance to the Royal Navy|Greenland-Iceland-UK (G-I-UK) Gap]] alongside 51 Brigade.<ref name=":67">Davies, p. 29.</ref> During war, the 52nd Brigade would oversee Lowland Zone, which encompassed the following TAORs: [[Strathclyde|North Strathclyde]], [[Dumfries and Galloway]], [[Borders Region|Borders]], and [[Lothian (region)|Lothian]]. These TAORs were further divided into several 'KPs' (Keypoints), which would nominally be guarded by Home Defence battalions, but also the new Home Service Force.
 
52nd (Lowland) Brigade encompassing the [[Scottish Lowlands]]: [[Lothian]], [[Scottish Borders]], [[Dumfries and Galloway]], and [[Strathclyde]] (minus [[Argyll]]). 52nd Brigade's primary role was that of mobile defence of the UK, with a particular emphasis on defending the military infrastructure at the UK end of the [[GIUK gap#Importance to the Royal Navy|Greenland-Iceland-UK (G-I-UK) Gap]] alongside 51 Brigade.<ref name=":67">Davies, p. 29.</ref> During war, the 52nd Brigade would oversee Lowland Zone, which encompassed the following TAORs: [[Strathclyde|North Strathclyde]], [[Dumfries and Galloway]], [[Borders Region|Borders]], and [[Lothian (region)|Lothian]]. These TAORs were further divided into several 'KPs' (Keypoints), which would nominally be guarded by Home Defence battalions, but also the new Home Service Force.
   
* '''[[52nd (Lowland) Infantry Brigade|Headquarters, 52nd (Lowland) Brigade]]'''<ref name=":82" /> (0237), at [[Redford Barracks]], [[Edinburgh]]<ref name=":4" />
+
* '''[[52nd (Lowland) Infantry Brigade|Headquarters, 52nd (Lowland) Brigade]]'''<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" /> (0237), at [[Redford Barracks]], [[Edinburgh]]<ref name=":4" />
  +
** [[105th Regiment Royal Artillery|105th (Scottish) Air Defence Regiment, Royal Artillery]] (V), in [[Edinburgh]] (Light air defence, 64 x [[Javelin (surface-to-air missile)|Javelin surface-to-air missiles]]) [to Air Defence Group, 1st Artillery Brigade]
   
 
==== North East District ====
 
==== North East District ====
 
North East District covering [[Northumberland]], [[Tyne and Wear]], [[County Durham]], [[North Yorkshire]], [[East Riding of Yorkshire]], [[West Riding of Yorkshire]], and [[South Yorkshire]]. During peacetime the HQ doubles as the Region No. 2, which encompassed North East England. During wartime, the region would take over from the district as the overall HQ, and would be divided into two 'zones', No. 1 Zone ([[West Riding of Yorkshire]], [[County Borough of York]], [[South Yorkshire]], [[North Riding of Yorkshire]], and the [[East Riding of Yorkshire]]) overseen by 146th Brigade, and No. 2 Zone ([[County Durham]], [[Northumberland]], and [[Tyne and Wear]]) overseen by a detachment of the District HQ. These zones were further divided into several 'TAORs' (Tactical Area of Operational Responsibility).
 
North East District covering [[Northumberland]], [[Tyne and Wear]], [[County Durham]], [[North Yorkshire]], [[East Riding of Yorkshire]], [[West Riding of Yorkshire]], and [[South Yorkshire]]. During peacetime the HQ doubles as the Region No. 2, which encompassed North East England. During wartime, the region would take over from the district as the overall HQ, and would be divided into two 'zones', No. 1 Zone ([[West Riding of Yorkshire]], [[County Borough of York]], [[South Yorkshire]], [[North Riding of Yorkshire]], and the [[East Riding of Yorkshire]]) overseen by 146th Brigade, and No. 2 Zone ([[County Durham]], [[Northumberland]], and [[Tyne and Wear]]) overseen by a detachment of the District HQ. These zones were further divided into several 'TAORs' (Tactical Area of Operational Responsibility).
   
  +
* '''[[North East District (British Army)|Headquarters, North East District]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''' (0194), at [[Imphal Barracks]], [[York]]<ref>{{cite book|last=Paxton|first=J.|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=l43JDQAAQBAJ&pg=PA104&lpg=PA104&dq=HQ+UK+Land+Forces+1972+9+district+headquarters#q=HQ%20UK%20Land%20Forces%201972%209%20district%20headquarters|title=The Statesman's Year-Book 1972-73: The Encyclopaedia for the Businessman-of-The-World|publisher=Palgrave Macmillan UK|year=1972|isbn=978-0-230-27101-2|page=104}}</ref>
* [[AAC Dishforth|Headquarters, Dishforth Station]], [[Dishforth]]
 
  +
** [[269 (West Riding) Observation Post Battery, Royal Artillery]] (V), in [[Leeds]] (3 x [[L118 light gun|L118 105mm light guns]]) [to 7th Parachute Regiment, RHA and 45th Field Regiment, RA]<ref name=":1" group="Note">With the expansion of the SAS and HAC, the role of the Observation batteries was diminished. Therefore, starting in 1989, and only completed by 1992, these batteries became field batteries. Their roles at the end of 1989 were those which were by 1992, however they were still independent. Again, the title of 'Observation Post Battery' was still in use, but the organisation was not of that.</ref>
* [[Claro Barracks|Headquarters, Ripon Station]], [[Ripon]]
 
* [[Alanbrooke Barracks|Headquarters, Topcliffe Station]], [[Topcliffe, North Yorkshire|Topcliffe]]
+
** [[AAC Dishforth|Headquarters, Dishforth Station]], [[Dishforth]]
* [[York Garrison|Headquarters, York Garrison]], [[York]]
+
** [[Claro Barracks|Headquarters, Ripon Station]], [[Ripon]]
 
** [[Alanbrooke Barracks|Headquarters, Topcliffe Station]], [[Topcliffe, North Yorkshire|Topcliffe]]
 
** [[York Garrison|Headquarters, York Garrison]], [[York]]
   
 
===== 146th (North East) Brigade =====
 
===== 146th (North East) Brigade =====
 
According to the 1991 Master Order of Battle, the 146th Brigade was a home defence formation overseeing the regional units based in the North East. On mobilisation this brigade would be tasked with home defence, while the 2nd Division left for Germany.<ref name=":82" /> It comprised No. 2 Zone ([[County Durham]], [[Northumberland]], and [[Tyne and Wear]]).
 
According to the 1991 Master Order of Battle, the 146th Brigade was a home defence formation overseeing the regional units based in the North East. On mobilisation this brigade would be tasked with home defence, while the 2nd Division left for Germany.<ref name=":82" /> It comprised No. 2 Zone ([[County Durham]], [[Northumberland]], and [[Tyne and Wear]]).
   
* '''[[146th (North East) Infantry Brigade|Headquarters, 146th (North East) Brigade]]<ref name=":82" />''' (0175)
+
* '''[[146th (North East) Infantry Brigade|Headquarters, 146th (North East) Brigade]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''' (0175)
  +
** 409 Independent Combat Plant Troop, [[Royal Engineers]] (V), at Frenchmans Fort, [[South Shields]] (to Commander Royal Engineers, I (British) Corps)
  +
** 416 Independent Combat Artisan Troop, Royal Engineers (V), at Mona House, [[Sutton-on-Hull]]
   
 
==== Eastern District ====
 
==== Eastern District ====
 
Eastern District encompassing the counties of [[Bedfordshire]], [[Cambridgeshire]], [[Derbyshire]], [[Essex]], [[Hertfordshire]], [[Leicestershire]], [[Lincolnshire]], [[Norfolk]], [[Northamptonshire]], [[Nottinghamshire]], [[Rutland]], and [[Suffolk]]. Unlike the rest of the districts, Eastern District comprised 2 regions, and would oversee 4 zones, the most of all the districts. These regions included Region No. 3 (East Midlands divided into No. 1 Zone ([[Derbyshire]], [[Lincolnshire]], and [[Nottinghamshire]]) and No. 2 Zone ([[Leicestershire]], [[Northamptonshire]], and [[Rutland]])) and Region No. 4 (encompassing [[East Anglia]] divided into No. 1 Zone ([[Cambridgeshire]], [[Norfolk]], and [[Suffolk]]) and No. 2 Zone ([[Bedfordshire]], [[Essex]], and [[Hertfordshire]])).
 
Eastern District encompassing the counties of [[Bedfordshire]], [[Cambridgeshire]], [[Derbyshire]], [[Essex]], [[Hertfordshire]], [[Leicestershire]], [[Lincolnshire]], [[Norfolk]], [[Northamptonshire]], [[Nottinghamshire]], [[Rutland]], and [[Suffolk]]. Unlike the rest of the districts, Eastern District comprised 2 regions, and would oversee 4 zones, the most of all the districts. These regions included Region No. 3 (East Midlands divided into No. 1 Zone ([[Derbyshire]], [[Lincolnshire]], and [[Nottinghamshire]]) and No. 2 Zone ([[Leicestershire]], [[Northamptonshire]], and [[Rutland]])) and Region No. 4 (encompassing [[East Anglia]] divided into No. 1 Zone ([[Cambridgeshire]], [[Norfolk]], and [[Suffolk]]) and No. 2 Zone ([[Bedfordshire]], [[Essex]], and [[Hertfordshire]])).
   
* '''[[Eastern District (British Army)|Headquarters, Eastern District]]<ref name=":82" />''' (0179), at [[Colchester Garrison]]<ref name=":4" />
+
* '''[[Eastern District (British Army)|Headquarters, Eastern District]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''' (0179), at [[Colchester Garrison]]<ref name=":4" />
  +
** 307 (South Nottinghamshire Hussars Yeomanry, Royal Horse Artillery) Observation Post Battery, Royal Artillery (V), in [[Bulwell]] (to 7th Parachute Regiment, RHA and 27th Field Regiment, RA) (3 x [[L118 light gun|L118 105mm light guns]])<ref name=":1" group="Note" />
 
** [[Chetwynd Barracks|Headquarters, Chilwell Station]], [[Nottingham]]
 
** [[Chetwynd Barracks|Headquarters, Chilwell Station]], [[Nottingham]]
 
** [[RAF Waterbeach|Headquarters, Waterbeach Station]], [[Waterbeach]]
 
** [[RAF Waterbeach|Headquarters, Waterbeach Station]], [[Waterbeach]]
Line 170: Line 201:
 
54th (East Anglian) Infantry Brigade tasked with home defence. It comprised Region No. 4 (encompassing [[East Anglia]] divided into No. 1 Zone ([[Cambridgeshire]], [[Norfolk]], and [[Suffolk]]) and No. 2 Zone ([[Bedfordshire]], [[Essex]], and [[Hertfordshire]])).'''<ref name=":82" />'''
 
54th (East Anglian) Infantry Brigade tasked with home defence. It comprised Region No. 4 (encompassing [[East Anglia]] divided into No. 1 Zone ([[Cambridgeshire]], [[Norfolk]], and [[Suffolk]]) and No. 2 Zone ([[Bedfordshire]], [[Essex]], and [[Hertfordshire]])).'''<ref name=":82" />'''
   
* '''[[54th (East Anglian) Infantry Brigade|Headquarters, 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Brigade]]<ref name=":82" />''' (0199), at [[Gibraltar Barracks, Bury St Edmunds|Gibraltar Barracks]], [[Bury Saint Edmunds]]<ref name=":4" />
+
* '''[[54th (East Anglian) Infantry Brigade|Headquarters, 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Brigade]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''' (0199), at [[Gibraltar Barracks, Bury St Edmunds|Gibraltar Barracks]], [[Bury Saint Edmunds]]<ref name=":4" />
  +
** [[Queen's Own Mercian Yeomanry]] (V), in [[Telford]] (Home Defence (Reconnaissance), 48 x [[Land Rover Defender#British and other armies|Land Rovers]] and 12 x Bedford 4-ton trucks)
   
 
===== 161st (East Anglia) Infantry Brigade =====
 
===== 161st (East Anglia) Infantry Brigade =====
Line 176: Line 208:
   
 
* '''[[161st (East Anglian) Infantry Brigade|Headquarters, 161st (East Anglian) Infantry Brigade]]<ref name=":82" />''' (0176)
 
* '''[[161st (East Anglian) Infantry Brigade|Headquarters, 161st (East Anglian) Infantry Brigade]]<ref name=":82" />''' (0176)
  +
* 219 Field Squadron (Airfield Damage Repair), [[Royal Engineers]] (V), at [[RAF Coningsby]]<ref name=":24">Watson & Rinaldi, pp. 312–324 (Reserves II (1967–2018)</ref>
   
 
===== 12th (Air Support) Engineer Brigade =====
 
===== 12th (Air Support) Engineer Brigade =====
Line 183: Line 216:
 
London District comprising the [[County of London]] in addition to the barracks in [[Windsor, Berkshire|Windsor]]. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, London Distrust was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 5 (London), which was further divided into No. 1 Zone (London).
 
London District comprising the [[County of London]] in addition to the barracks in [[Windsor, Berkshire|Windsor]]. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, London Distrust was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 5 (London), which was further divided into No. 1 Zone (London).
   
* '''[[London District (British Army)|Headquarters, London District]]<ref name=":82" />''' (0245), at [[Horse Guards (building)|Horse Guards]], [[Whitehall]], [[London]]<ref name=":4" />
+
* '''[[London District (British Army)|London District]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''' (0245)
  +
** Headquarters, London District, at [[Horse Guards (building)|Horse Guards]], [[Whitehall]], [[London]]<ref name=":4" />
  +
** [[Honourable Artillery Company]] (V), at [[Finsbury Barracks]], [[City of London]] (Special Observation Posts, RHQ & HQ Sqn to 1st Artillery Brigade)
  +
*** No. 1 Squadron (to 1st Armoured Division)
  +
*** No. 2 Squadron (to 4th Armoured Division)
  +
*** No. 3 Squadron (to HQ I (British) Corps)
 
** West London Administrative Staff
 
** West London Administrative Staff
 
** [[Woolwich Garrison|Headquarters, Woolwich Garrison]], [[Woolwich]]
 
** [[Woolwich Garrison|Headquarters, Woolwich Garrison]], [[Woolwich]]
Line 193: Line 231:
 
56th (London) Brigade provided home defence.<ref name=":82" />
 
56th (London) Brigade provided home defence.<ref name=":82" />
   
* '''[[56th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 56th (London) Brigade]]<ref name=":82" />'''<ref name=":16" /> (0202), at [[Horse Guards (building)|Horse Guards]], [[Whitehall]], [[London]]<ref name=":4" /><ref>Lindsay, pp. 356–357</ref>
+
* '''[[56th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 56th (London) Brigade]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />'''<ref name=":16" /> (0202), at [[Horse Guards (building)|Horse Guards]], [[Whitehall]], [[London]]<ref name=":4" /><ref>Lindsay, pp. 356–357</ref>
 
** [[Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment]], at [[Knightsbridge Barracks]], [[London]] (Ceremonial cavalry regiment, special mobilisation duties)
 
** [[Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment]], at [[Knightsbridge Barracks]], [[London]] (Ceremonial cavalry regiment, special mobilisation duties)
  +
** [[The King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery]], at [[St John's Wood Barracks|Saint John's Wood Barracks]], [[London]] (6 x (Great War vintage) [[QF 13-pounder gun|Quick Fire 13-pounder guns]]) [ceremonial horse artillery saluting battery]
   
 
==== South East District ====
 
==== South East District ====
 
South East District encompassing the counties of [[Royal County of Berkshire]], [[Buckinghamshire]], [[East Sussex]], [[Hampshire]], [[Kent]], [[Oxfordshire]], [[Surrey]], and [[West Sussex]]. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, South East District was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 6 (South East). This region was further divided into two zones, No. 1 Zone (encompassing [[East Sussex]], [[Kent]], [[Surrey]], and [[West Sussex]]) and No. 2 Zone (encompassing the [[Thames Valley]] (the [[Royal County of Berkshire]], [[Buckinghamshire]], and [[Oxfordshire]]) and [[Hampshire]], and the [[Isle of Wight]].) – zone 2 would be overseen by the new [[145th (South) Brigade]] from 1995, which was originally slated to be formed in 1990 but was delayed due to the end of the Cold War.
 
South East District encompassing the counties of [[Royal County of Berkshire]], [[Buckinghamshire]], [[East Sussex]], [[Hampshire]], [[Kent]], [[Oxfordshire]], [[Surrey]], and [[West Sussex]]. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, South East District was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 6 (South East). This region was further divided into two zones, No. 1 Zone (encompassing [[East Sussex]], [[Kent]], [[Surrey]], and [[West Sussex]]) and No. 2 Zone (encompassing the [[Thames Valley]] (the [[Royal County of Berkshire]], [[Buckinghamshire]], and [[Oxfordshire]]) and [[Hampshire]], and the [[Isle of Wight]].) – zone 2 would be overseen by the new [[145th (South) Brigade]] from 1995, which was originally slated to be formed in 1990 but was delayed due to the end of the Cold War.
   
* '''[[South East District (British Army)|Headquarters, South East District]]<ref name=":82" />''' (0186), at [[Aldershot Garrison]]<ref name=":4" />
+
* '''[[South East District (British Army)|Headquarters, South East District]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''' (0186), at [[Aldershot Garrison]]<ref name=":4" />
 
** [[Baker Barracks|Headquarters, Solent Station]], [[Thorney Island (West Sussex)|Thorney Island]]
 
** [[Baker Barracks|Headquarters, Solent Station]], [[Thorney Island (West Sussex)|Thorney Island]]
 
** [[Aldershot Garrison|Headquarters, Aldershot Garrison]], [[Aldershot]]
 
** [[Aldershot Garrison|Headquarters, Aldershot Garrison]], [[Aldershot]]
Line 207: Line 246:
 
2nd (Southeast) Infantry Brigade would provide mobile home defence, with a priority on defending the ports of [[South East England]].<ref>Davies, p. 27.</ref> 2nd Infantry Brigade was unique because it was one of only 6 of its type to not oversee a specific zone. This is because the brigade was in the mobile defence role, and would instead perform liaison tasks, command TAORs directly, or would be incorporated into the Regional Headquarters where needed.
 
2nd (Southeast) Infantry Brigade would provide mobile home defence, with a priority on defending the ports of [[South East England]].<ref>Davies, p. 27.</ref> 2nd Infantry Brigade was unique because it was one of only 6 of its type to not oversee a specific zone. This is because the brigade was in the mobile defence role, and would instead perform liaison tasks, command TAORs directly, or would be incorporated into the Regional Headquarters where needed.
   
* '''[[2nd (South East) Brigade|Headquarters, 2nd (Southeast) Infantry Brigade]]<ref name=":82" />''' (0311), at [[Shorncliffe Army Camp]], [[Cheriton, Kent|Cheriton]]
+
* '''[[2nd (South East) Brigade|Headquarters, 2nd (Southeast) Infantry Brigade]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''' (0311), at [[Shorncliffe Army Camp]], [[Cheriton, Kent|Cheriton]]
  +
** [[Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry]] (V), in [[Chorley]], [[Lancashire]] (Home Defence (Reconnaissance), 48 x [[Land Rover Defender#British and other armies|Land Rovers]] and 12 x Bedford 4-ton trucks)
 
** Headquarters, Dover Garrison, [[Dover]]
 
** Headquarters, Dover Garrison, [[Dover]]
 
** [[Shorncliffe Army Camp|Headquarters, Shorncliffe Garrison]], [[Cheriton, Kent|Cheriton]]
 
** [[Shorncliffe Army Camp|Headquarters, Shorncliffe Garrison]], [[Cheriton, Kent|Cheriton]]
  +
* 218 Field Squadron (Airfield Damage Repair), Royal Engineers (V), at [[RAF Brize Norton]]<ref>Staff Officer's Handbook, p. 43</ref>
   
 
==== South West District ====
 
==== South West District ====
 
South West District encompassing the following counties: [[Cornwall]], [[Devonshire]], [[Dorsetshire]], [[Somersetshire]], [[Bristol|City and County of Bristol]], [[Wiltshire]], and [[Gloucestershire]]. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, South West District was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 7 (South West). This region was further divided into two zones, No. 1 Zone (encompassing [[Cornwall]] and [[Devonshire]]) and No. 2 Zone (encompassing [[Dorsetshire]], [[Gloucestershire]], [[Somersetshire]], [[Wiltshire]], and the [[City and County of Bristol]]).
 
South West District encompassing the following counties: [[Cornwall]], [[Devonshire]], [[Dorsetshire]], [[Somersetshire]], [[Bristol|City and County of Bristol]], [[Wiltshire]], and [[Gloucestershire]]. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, South West District was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 7 (South West). This region was further divided into two zones, No. 1 Zone (encompassing [[Cornwall]] and [[Devonshire]]) and No. 2 Zone (encompassing [[Dorsetshire]], [[Gloucestershire]], [[Somersetshire]], [[Wiltshire]], and the [[City and County of Bristol]]).
   
* [[South West District (British Army)|'''Headquarters, South West District''']]<ref name=":82" /> (0169), at [[Bulford Camp]]<ref name=":4" />
+
* [[South West District (British Army)|'''Headquarters, South West District''']]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" /> (0169), at [[Bulford Camp]]<ref name=":4" />
  +
** [[266 (Gloucestershire Volunteer Artillery) Battery Royal Artillery (Volunteers)|266 (Gloucestershire Volunteer Artillery) Observation Post Battery, Royal Artillery]] (V), in [[Bristol]] (to 7th Parachute Regiment, RHA and 47th Field Regiment, RA) (3 x [[L118 light gun|L118 105mm light guns]])<ref name=":1" group="Note" />
 
** [[HMNB Devonport|Headquarters, Plymouth Station]], [[Devonport, Plymouth|Devonport]]
 
** [[HMNB Devonport|Headquarters, Plymouth Station]], [[Devonport, Plymouth|Devonport]]
 
** [[Bulford Garrison|Headquarters, Bulford Garrison]], [[Bulford]]
 
** [[Bulford Garrison|Headquarters, Bulford Garrison]], [[Bulford]]
 
*** Bulford Garrison Light Aid Detachment, [[Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers]]
 
*** Bulford Garrison Light Aid Detachment, [[Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers]]
 
** Bulford and Tidworth Administration Unit
 
** Bulford and Tidworth Administration Unit
 
** '''[[Royal Armoured Corps Centre]]''', at [[Bovington Garrison]]
  +
*** [[Royal Armoured Corps Training Regiment]]
  +
**** Support Squadron, at [[Lulworth Camp]]
  +
**** Vehicle Squadron
  +
*** Junior Leaders Regiment, [[Royal Armoured Corps]]
  +
*** Bovington Support Unit
  +
*** 18th Base Workshop, [[Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers]]
  +
*** Signals School
  +
*** Gunnery School
  +
*** Infantry School, in [[Bordon]]
  +
*** Mobile Display Team
  +
*** D&M School
  +
*** Tactics School
  +
*** MRS Bovington
   
 
===== 2nd Signal Brigade =====
 
===== 2nd Signal Brigade =====
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1st Infantry Brigade was formed by redesignation of the old 6th Field Force, and by 1989 was the only remaining British field formation which would join [[Allied Forces Baltic Approaches]] on mobilisation. The Infantry Brigade became known and was frequently referred to as the United Kingdom Mobile Force (UKMF), which was separate than the Allied Mobile Force, which was able to deploy anywhere within the NATO western border.
 
1st Infantry Brigade was formed by redesignation of the old 6th Field Force, and by 1989 was the only remaining British field formation which would join [[Allied Forces Baltic Approaches]] on mobilisation. The Infantry Brigade became known and was frequently referred to as the United Kingdom Mobile Force (UKMF), which was separate than the Allied Mobile Force, which was able to deploy anywhere within the NATO western border.
   
* '''[[1st Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 1st Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom Mobile Force)]]''' (0187)'''<ref name=":82" />''', at Jellalabad Barracks, [[Tidworth Camp]]<ref name=":11">{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 215 Squadron|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-signals/squadrons-2/215-squadron.html|access-date=2021-06-04|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref>
+
* '''[[1st Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)|Headquarters, 1st Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom Mobile Force)]]''' (0187)'''<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''', at Jellalabad Barracks, [[Tidworth Camp]]<ref name=":11">{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 215 Squadron|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-signals/squadrons-2/215-squadron.html|access-date=2021-06-04|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref>
 
** 215 Signal Squadron, [[Royal Corps of Signals]], at Jellalabad Barracks, Tidworth Camp<ref name=":11" /><ref>Lord & Watson, p. 88</ref>
 
** 215 Signal Squadron, [[Royal Corps of Signals]], at Jellalabad Barracks, Tidworth Camp<ref name=":11" /><ref>Lord & Watson, p. 88</ref>
 
** [[13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own)]], at Assaye Barracks, [[Tidworth Camp]]<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 13th/18th Hussars|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-armoured-corps/13th-18th-hussars.html|access-date=2021-06-09|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref> (Armoured Reconnaissance (Tracked), 16 x [[CVR(T) Scorpion|CVR(T) Scorpions]] and 6 x [[CVR(T) Spartan|CVR(T) Spartans]])
 
** [[13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own)]], at Assaye Barracks, [[Tidworth Camp]]<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 13th/18th Hussars|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-armoured-corps/13th-18th-hussars.html|access-date=2021-06-09|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref> (Armoured Reconnaissance (Tracked), 16 x [[CVR(T) Scorpion|CVR(T) Scorpions]] and 6 x [[CVR(T) Spartan|CVR(T) Spartans]])
 
*** B Squadron (detached to Cyprus from July 1989 to January 1990)
 
*** B Squadron (detached to Cyprus from July 1989 to January 1990)
 
*** 1 x Squadron (to Allied Mobile Force Land)
 
*** 1 x Squadron (to Allied Mobile Force Land)
  +
** [[47th Regiment Royal Artillery|47th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery]], at [[Baker Barracks]], [[Thorney Island (West Sussex)|Thorney Island]] (18 x [[FH70|FH70 155mm field howitzers]])
  +
*** 21 (Gibraltar 1779–83) Air Defence Battery, [[Royal Artillery]] (18 x [[Javelin (surface-to-air missile)|Javelin surface-to-air missiles]]) [1 x Air Defence troop (3 x Javelins) each to 1st Infantry Brigade, 19th Infantry Brigade, and 24th Airmobile Brigade]
  +
** 22nd Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers, at [[Swinton Barracks]], [[Perham Down]]<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 22 Regiment|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-engineers/regiments---major-units/22-regiment.html|access-date=2021-06-09|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref>
  +
** 24 Field Squadron, [[Royal Engineers]], at [[Chattenden Barracks]], [[Chattenden]] (under admin of 1 RSME Regiment, RE)<ref name=":25">Watson & Rinaldi, pp. 217–262 (Post-War Regulars I: 1947–1992)</ref>
  +
** 272 (West Riding) Field Park Squadron, Royal Engineers (V), in [[Bradford]] (under admin of 74 Engineer Regiment, RE)<ref name=":24" />
   
 
===== Allied Mobile Force Land =====
 
===== Allied Mobile Force Land =====
 
[[Allied Command Europe Mobile Force]] was based at [[Campbell Barracks]], [[Heidelberg]] and was organised into several elements, of which one was Allied Mobile Force Land (AMFL). This formation was a brigade sized group which could rapidly deploy anywhere within the NATO area from [[Northern Norway]] ([[Allied Forces North Norway]]), [[West Germany]] ([[Northern Army Group|NATO Northern Army Group]]), and to [[Eastern Turkey]] ([[Allied Land Forces South-Eastern Europe|Allied Land Forces South Eastern Europe]]).
 
[[Allied Command Europe Mobile Force]] was based at [[Campbell Barracks]], [[Heidelberg]] and was organised into several elements, of which one was Allied Mobile Force Land (AMFL). This formation was a brigade sized group which could rapidly deploy anywhere within the NATO area from [[Northern Norway]] ([[Allied Forces North Norway]]), [[West Germany]] ([[Northern Army Group|NATO Northern Army Group]]), and to [[Eastern Turkey]] ([[Allied Land Forces South-Eastern Europe|Allied Land Forces South Eastern Europe]]).
  +
  +
* [[94th Locating Regiment, Royal Artillery]], at Roberts Barracks, [[Larkhill Garrison]]<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 94th Regiment RA|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-artillery/94th-regiment-ra.html|access-date=2021-06-09|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref> (unique structure, therefore sub-structure is shown below)<ref>Staff Officer's Handbook, p. 34</ref>
  +
** Headquarters Battery
  +
*** Force Artillery Headquarters
  +
*** Forward Direction Controllers Group
  +
*** Air Defence Section (8 x [[Javelin (surface-to-air missile)|Javelin surface-to-air missiles]])
  +
*** Meteorology and Survey Section
  +
** 5 Locating Battery – to United Kingdom Land Forces
  +
** 73 Locating Battery – mortar locating role
  +
** 156 Locating Battery – to 1st Artillery Brigade
  +
** 22 Field Battery (6 x [[L118 light gun|L118 105mm light guns]]) – to 1st Infantry Brigade
   
 
===== 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Brigade =====
 
===== 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Brigade =====
 
43rd (Wessex) Infantry Brigade would provide mobile home defence if mobilised.<ref name=":82" /> 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Brigade was unique because it was one of only 6 of its type to not oversee a specific zone. This is because the brigade was in the mobile defence role, and would instead perform liaison tasks, command TAORs directly, or would be incorporated into the Regional Headquarters where needed.
 
43rd (Wessex) Infantry Brigade would provide mobile home defence if mobilised.<ref name=":82" /> 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Brigade was unique because it was one of only 6 of its type to not oversee a specific zone. This is because the brigade was in the mobile defence role, and would instead perform liaison tasks, command TAORs directly, or would be incorporated into the Regional Headquarters where needed.
   
* '''[[43rd (Wessex) Infantry Brigade|Headquarters, 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Brigade]]''' (0199)'''<ref name=":82" />''', at [[Wyvern Barracks]], [[Exeter]]<ref name=":4" />
+
* '''[[43rd (Wessex) Infantry Brigade]]''' (0199)'''<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />'''
  +
** Brigade Headquarters, at [[Wyvern Barracks]], [[Exeter]] (1 x [[Ferret armoured car]] and 1 x Bedford 4-ton truck)<ref name=":4" />
  +
** [[Royal Wessex Yeomanry]] (V), in [[Cirencester]] (Home Defence (Reconnaissance), 65 x [[Land Rover Defender#British and other armies|Land Rovers]] and 16 x Bedford 4-ton trucks)
   
 
==== Wales District ====
 
==== Wales District ====
 
Wales District encompassing [[Wales]]. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, Wales District was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 8 (Wales). This region was further divided into two zones (in Wales's case these were divided by districts, then by counties), No. 1 Zone (encompassing [[Clwyd]] ([[Flintshire]], [[Denbighshire]] (expect [[Llanrwst|Llanrwst area]]), and [[Merionethshire]] (only the [[Edeyrnion Rural District]])) and [[Gwynedd]] ([[Anglesey County, Wales|Anglesey]], [[Caernarfonshire]], [[Merionethshire]] (all except the [[Edeyrnion Rural District]]), and [[Denbighshire]] (only the [[Llanrwst|Llanrwst area]]))) and No. 2 Zone (encompassing [[Dyfed]] ([[Cardiganshire]], [[Carmarthenshire]], and [[Pembrokeshire]]), [[Gwent (county)|Gwent]] ([[Monmouthshire]] (including the [[County Borough of Newport|County borough of Newport]] (except parts in Mid Glamorgan and South Glamorgan)), [[Mid Glamorgan]] ([[Glamorgan]] (only [[Aberdare]], [[Bridgend]], [[Caerphilly]], [[Pontypridd]], [[Rhondda]], etc, plus the [[County Borough of Merthyr Tydfil]]), [[Breconshire]] (only [[Penderyn, Rhondda Cynon Taf|Penderyn]] and [[Vaynor]]), and [[Monmouthshire]] (only [[Bedwas and Machen]], [[Rhymney]], and part of [[Bedwellty]])), [[Powys]] ([[Montgomeryshire]], [[Radnorshire]], and [[Breconshire]] (all except those parts in Gwent and Mid Glamorgan)), [[South Glamorgan]] ([[Glamorgan]] (only [[Barry, Wales|Barry]], [[Cowbridge]], [[Penarth]], and the [[County Borough of Cardiff|County borough of Cardiff]]), and [[Monmouthshire]] (only [[St Mellons]])), and [[West Glamorgan]] ([[Glamorgan]] (only [[Glyncorrwg]], [[Neath]], [[Llwchwr]], [[Port Talbot]], and the [[County Borough of Swansea|County borough of Swansea]]))).
 
Wales District encompassing [[Wales]]. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, Wales District was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 8 (Wales). This region was further divided into two zones (in Wales's case these were divided by districts, then by counties), No. 1 Zone (encompassing [[Clwyd]] ([[Flintshire]], [[Denbighshire]] (expect [[Llanrwst|Llanrwst area]]), and [[Merionethshire]] (only the [[Edeyrnion Rural District]])) and [[Gwynedd]] ([[Anglesey County, Wales|Anglesey]], [[Caernarfonshire]], [[Merionethshire]] (all except the [[Edeyrnion Rural District]]), and [[Denbighshire]] (only the [[Llanrwst|Llanrwst area]]))) and No. 2 Zone (encompassing [[Dyfed]] ([[Cardiganshire]], [[Carmarthenshire]], and [[Pembrokeshire]]), [[Gwent (county)|Gwent]] ([[Monmouthshire]] (including the [[County Borough of Newport|County borough of Newport]] (except parts in Mid Glamorgan and South Glamorgan)), [[Mid Glamorgan]] ([[Glamorgan]] (only [[Aberdare]], [[Bridgend]], [[Caerphilly]], [[Pontypridd]], [[Rhondda]], etc, plus the [[County Borough of Merthyr Tydfil]]), [[Breconshire]] (only [[Penderyn, Rhondda Cynon Taf|Penderyn]] and [[Vaynor]]), and [[Monmouthshire]] (only [[Bedwas and Machen]], [[Rhymney]], and part of [[Bedwellty]])), [[Powys]] ([[Montgomeryshire]], [[Radnorshire]], and [[Breconshire]] (all except those parts in Gwent and Mid Glamorgan)), [[South Glamorgan]] ([[Glamorgan]] (only [[Barry, Wales|Barry]], [[Cowbridge]], [[Penarth]], and the [[County Borough of Cardiff|County borough of Cardiff]]), and [[Monmouthshire]] (only [[St Mellons]])), and [[West Glamorgan]] ([[Glamorgan]] (only [[Glyncorrwg]], [[Neath]], [[Llwchwr]], [[Port Talbot]], and the [[County Borough of Swansea|County borough of Swansea]]))).
   
* '''[[Headquarters Wales|Headquarters, Wales District]]<ref name=":82" />''' (0226), at [[The Barracks, Brecon|The Barracks]], [[Brecon]]<ref name=":4" />
+
* '''[[Headquarters Wales|Headquarters, Wales District]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''' (0226), at [[The Barracks, Brecon|The Barracks]], [[Brecon]]<ref name=":4" />
   
 
===== 160th (Wales) Brigade =====
 
===== 160th (Wales) Brigade =====
 
160th (Wales) Brigade providing home defence of [[Wales]].<ref name=":82" />
 
160th (Wales) Brigade providing home defence of [[Wales]].<ref name=":82" />
   
* '''[[160th (Wales) Brigade|Headquarters, 160th (Wales) Brigade]]'''<ref name=":82" /> (0201), at [[The Barracks, Brecon|The Barracks]], [[Brecon]]<ref name=":4" />
+
* '''[[160th (Wales) Brigade|Headquarters, 160th (Wales) Brigade]]'''<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" /> (0201), at [[The Barracks, Brecon|The Barracks]], [[Brecon]]<ref name=":4" />
  +
** [[104th Regiment Royal Artillery|104th Air Defence Regiment, Royal Artillery]] (V), at [[Raglan Barracks, Newport|Raglan Barracks]], [[Newport, Wales|Newport]] (Light air defence, 64 x [[Blowpipe (missile)|Blowpipe MANPADS]]) [to Air Defence Group, 1st Artillery Brigade]
  +
* 414 Combat Artisan Troop, Royal Engineers (V), at [[Monmouth Castle]], [[Monmouth]] (to 217th Mobile Civilian Engineer Group, Commander Royal Engineers, BAOR)
   
 
==== Western District ====
 
==== Western District ====
 
Western District encompassing the counties of [[Herefordshire]], [[Shropshire]], [[Staffordshire]], [[Warwickshire]], [[West Midlands (county)|West Midlands]], [[Worcestershire]]. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, Western District was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 9 (Western). This region was further divided into two zones, No. 1 Zone ([[Staffordshire]], [[Warwickshire]], and the [[West Midlands (county)|West Midlands]]) No. 2 Zone ([[Herefordshire]], [[Shropshire]], and [[Worcestershire]]).
 
Western District encompassing the counties of [[Herefordshire]], [[Shropshire]], [[Staffordshire]], [[Warwickshire]], [[West Midlands (county)|West Midlands]], [[Worcestershire]]. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, Western District was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 9 (Western). This region was further divided into two zones, No. 1 Zone ([[Staffordshire]], [[Warwickshire]], and the [[West Midlands (county)|West Midlands]]) No. 2 Zone ([[Herefordshire]], [[Shropshire]], and [[Worcestershire]]).
   
* [[Western District (British Army)|'''Headquarters, Western District''']]<ref name=":82" /> (0226), at [[Copthorne Barracks]], [[Shrewsbury]]<ref name=":4" />
+
* [[Western District (British Army)|'''Headquarters, Western District''']]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" /> (0226), at [[Copthorne Barracks]], [[Shrewsbury]]<ref name=":4" />
 
** Headquarters, Western District Garrisons
 
** Headquarters, Western District Garrisons
 
*** Headquarters, Birmingham Garrison, [[Birmingham]]
 
*** Headquarters, Birmingham Garrison, [[Birmingham]]
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143rd (West Midlands) Brigade tasked with home defence.<ref name=":82" />
 
143rd (West Midlands) Brigade tasked with home defence.<ref name=":82" />
   
* '''[[143rd (West Midlands) Brigade|Headquarters, 143rd (West Midlands) Brigade]]'''<ref name=":82" /> (0200), at [[Copthorne Barracks]], [[Shrewsbury]]<ref name=":4" />
+
* '''[[143rd (West Midlands) Brigade|Headquarters, 143rd (West Midlands) Brigade]]'''<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" /> (0200), at [[Copthorne Barracks]], [[Shrewsbury]]<ref name=":4" />
  +
* 413 Combat Artisan Troop, Royal Engineers (V), at Kitchener House, [[Stafford]] (to 232nd Mobile Civilian Engineer Group, Commander Royal Engineers, BAOR)
   
 
===== 30th Engineer Brigade =====
 
===== 30th Engineer Brigade =====
  +
The 30th Engineer Brigade (Volunteers) contained three United Kingdom-based Territorial Army engineer regiments. If mobilised, the brigade would come under Commander Royal Engineers, British Army of the Rhine and provide a reinforcement role.<ref>Davies, p. 1</ref> The brigade was also tasked with keeping the main supply route open and clear of obstacles.<ref name=":10" />
  +
  +
* '''30th Engineer Brigade (Volunteers)<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />'''
  +
** Brigade Headquarters and Signal Troop, [[Royal Corps of Signals]], at [[MoD Stafford]]
  +
** [[Royal Monmouthshire Royal Engineers|Royal Monmouthshire Militia, Royal Engineers]] (V), at [[Monmouth Castle]], [[Monmouth]]
  +
** [[74 (Antrim Artillery) Field Squadron, Royal Engineers|74th (Antrim Artillery) Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers]] (V), in [[Belfast]]
  +
** [[75 Engineer Regiment (United Kingdom)|75th Engineer Regiment (Corps), Royal Engineers]] (V), in [[Failsworth]], [[Manchester]]
  +
** 125 (Staffordshire) Field Support Squadron, Royal Engineers (V), in [[Stoke-on-Trent]]
  +
** 143 Plant Squadron, Royal Engineers (V), in [[Walsall]]
  +
** 30th Engineer Brigade Workshop, [[Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers]] (V), at HQ REME TA, [[Louisburg Barracks]], [[Bordon]]
   
 
==== North West District ====
 
==== North West District ====
 
North West District encompassing the counties of [[Cumbria]], [[Lancashire]], [[Greater Manchester]], [[Merseyside]], and [[Cheshire]] in addition to overseeing the [[Isle of Man]]. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, North West District was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 10 (North West). This region was further divided into two zones, No. 1 Zone ([[Cumbria]], [[Greater Manchester]], and [[Lancashire]]) No. 2 Zone ([[Cheshire]], [[Isle of Man]], and [[Merseyside]]).
 
North West District encompassing the counties of [[Cumbria]], [[Lancashire]], [[Greater Manchester]], [[Merseyside]], and [[Cheshire]] in addition to overseeing the [[Isle of Man]]. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, North West District was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 10 (North West). This region was further divided into two zones, No. 1 Zone ([[Cumbria]], [[Greater Manchester]], and [[Lancashire]]) No. 2 Zone ([[Cheshire]], [[Isle of Man]], and [[Merseyside]]).
   
* '''[[North West District (British Army)|Headquarters, North West District]]''', at [[Fulwood Barracks]], [[Preston, Lancashire|Preston]]<ref name=":4" />
+
* '''[[North West District (British Army)|Headquarters, North West District]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''', at [[Fulwood Barracks]], [[Preston, Lancashire|Preston]]<ref name=":4" />
 
** Headquarters, North West District Garrisons
 
** Headquarters, North West District Garrisons
 
*** [[Dale Barracks|Headquarters, Chester Garrison]], [[Chester]]
 
*** [[Dale Barracks|Headquarters, Chester Garrison]], [[Chester]]
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===== 42nd (Northwest) Infantry Brigade =====
 
===== 42nd (Northwest) Infantry Brigade =====
   
* [[42nd (North West) Infantry Brigade|'''Headquarters, 42nd (Northwest) Infantry Brigade''']]<ref name=":82" /> (0197), at [[Chester Castle]], [[Chester]]<ref>{{Cite web|title=History of 42 (North West) Brigade|url=http://www.army.mod.uk/documents/general/42Bde_History.pdf|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20090430232605/http://www.army.mod.uk/documents/general/42Bde_History.pdf|archive-date=30 April 2009|access-date=|website=British Army}}</ref>
+
* [[42nd (North West) Infantry Brigade|'''Headquarters, 42nd (Northwest) Infantry Brigade''']]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" /> (0197), at [[Chester Castle]], [[Chester]]<ref>{{Cite web|title=History of 42 (North West) Brigade|url=http://www.army.mod.uk/documents/general/42Bde_History.pdf|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20090430232605/http://www.army.mod.uk/documents/general/42Bde_History.pdf|archive-date=30 April 2009|access-date=|website=British Army}}</ref>
  +
** [[103rd (Lancashire Artillery Volunteers) Regiment Royal Artillery|103rd (Lancashire Artillery Volunteers) Air Defence Regiment, Royal Artillery]] (V), in [[Liverpool]] (Light air defence, 64 x [[Javelin (surface-to-air missile)|Javelin surface-to-air missiles]]) [to 2nd Infantry Division]
  +
* 411 Independent Combat Plant Troop, [[Royal Engineers]] (V), at Gordon House, [[Walsall]] (to Commander Engineers, BAOR)
  +
* 415 Combat Artisan Troop, Royal Engineers (V), in [[Failsworth]], [[Manchester]] (to 221st Mobile Civilian Artisan Group, commander Engineers, BAOR)
   
 
==== Headquarters Northern Ireland ====
 
==== Headquarters Northern Ireland ====
 
In 1991, troops in under Army Headquarters Northern Ireland comprised some 11,000 British soldiers and about 6,000 members of the [[Ulster Defence Regiment]]. The command is technically part of United Kingdom Land Forces (as Region No. 8), however because of the [[The Troubles|Troubles]], thee General Officer Command, reports to the Ministry of Defence and [[Secretary of State for Northern Ireland]] directly. The commanding officer also has local Royal Navy, and more important, Royal Air Force units under command.<ref name=":95">Beevor, pp. 248–249.</ref>
 
In 1991, troops in under Army Headquarters Northern Ireland comprised some 11,000 British soldiers and about 6,000 members of the [[Ulster Defence Regiment]]. The command is technically part of United Kingdom Land Forces (as Region No. 8), however because of the [[The Troubles|Troubles]], thee General Officer Command, reports to the Ministry of Defence and [[Secretary of State for Northern Ireland]] directly. The commanding officer also has local Royal Navy, and more important, Royal Air Force units under command.<ref name=":95">Beevor, pp. 248–249.</ref>
   
* '''[[Headquarters Northern Ireland|Army Headquarters Northern Ireland]]''', at [[Thiepval Barracks]], [[Lisburn]]<ref name=":95" />
+
* '''[[Headquarters Northern Ireland|Army Headquarters Northern Ireland]]<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":22" /><ref name=":10" />''', at [[Thiepval Barracks]], [[Lisburn]]<ref name=":95" />
 
** Commander Army Headquarters Northern Ireland, {{Rating|3}} [[Lieutenant General]] [[John Waters (British Army officer, born 1935)|Sir Charles John Waters]]
 
** Commander Army Headquarters Northern Ireland, {{Rating|3}} [[Lieutenant General]] [[John Waters (British Army officer, born 1935)|Sir Charles John Waters]]
 
** Commander Land Forces, {{Rating|2}}<ref name=":95" /> [[Major General]] Robert J. Hodges (till December 1989), then Major General David P. Thomson
 
** Commander Land Forces, {{Rating|2}}<ref name=":95" /> [[Major General]] Robert J. Hodges (till December 1989), then Major General David P. Thomson
  +
** 102nd (Ulster) Air Defence Regiment, Royal Artillery (V), in [[Newtownards]] (32 x [[Javelin (surface-to-air missile)|Javelin surface-to-air missiles]]) [to Air Defence Group, 1st Artillery Brigade]
   
 
===== 3rd Infantry Brigade =====
 
===== 3rd Infantry Brigade =====
Line 311: Line 402:
 
** [[Royal Military College of Science]], [[Shrivenham]]
 
** [[Royal Military College of Science]], [[Shrivenham]]
 
** [[Royal Military Academy Sandhurst]]
 
** [[Royal Military Academy Sandhurst]]
** [[Staff College, Camberley]]
+
** [[Staff College, Camberley|Staff College]], [[Camberley]]
  +
** [[Royal College of Defence Studies]], [[London]]
 
** Joint Service Training Centre, [[Anglesey]]
 
** Joint Service Training Centre, [[Anglesey]]
 
** United Kingdom Land Forces School of Projects and Research
 
** United Kingdom Land Forces School of Projects and Research
Line 428: Line 520:
 
* [[Adjutant-General to the Forces|'''Headquarters, Office of the Adjutant General to the Forces''']], based at the [[Ministry of Defence Main Building]], [[Whitehall]], [[London]]
 
* [[Adjutant-General to the Forces|'''Headquarters, Office of the Adjutant General to the Forces''']], based at the [[Ministry of Defence Main Building]], [[Whitehall]], [[London]]
 
** Adjutant General to the Forces {{Rating|4}} [[Robert Pascoe|Sir Robert Pascoe]]
 
** Adjutant General to the Forces {{Rating|4}} [[Robert Pascoe|Sir Robert Pascoe]]
  +
** Army Personnel Research Establishment
   
 
== Quartermaster General's Department ==
 
== Quartermaster General's Department ==
Line 458: Line 551:
 
** Home Headquarters, [[17th/21st Lancers]] [[Prince William of Gloucester Barracks]], [[Grantham]]<ref>{{Cite web|date=2007-12-21|title=17th/21st Lancers (UK)|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071221105514/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/D17-21L.htm|access-date=2021-06-09|website=web.archive.org}}</ref>
 
** Home Headquarters, [[17th/21st Lancers]] [[Prince William of Gloucester Barracks]], [[Grantham]]<ref>{{Cite web|date=2007-12-21|title=17th/21st Lancers (UK)|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071221105514/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/D17-21L.htm|access-date=2021-06-09|website=web.archive.org}}</ref>
 
** Regimental Headquarters, [[Royal Tank Regiment]], at [[Horseferry Road drill hall]], [[London]]<ref>{{Cite web|date=2007-12-15|title=The Royal Tank Regiment [UK]|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071215193548/http://regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/RTR.htm|access-date=2021-06-09|website=web.archive.org}}</ref>
 
** Regimental Headquarters, [[Royal Tank Regiment]], at [[Horseferry Road drill hall]], [[London]]<ref>{{Cite web|date=2007-12-15|title=The Royal Tank Regiment [UK]|url=https://web.archive.org/web/20071215193548/http://regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/RTR.htm|access-date=2021-06-09|website=web.archive.org}}</ref>
** Royal Armoured Corps Training Regiment, at Bovington Garrison
 
 
** Royal Armoured Corps Sales Team
 
** Royal Armoured Corps Sales Team
  +
** [[Castlemartin Training Area|Royal Armoured Corps Range, Castlemartin]]
* '''Inspector of Royal Artillery<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":83" />''', at [[Woolwich Garrison]]
 
  +
** Armoured Trials and Development Unit
** Inspector of Royal Artillery {{Rating|2}} [[Major General]] Peter R. F. Bonnet (till March 1989), then Major General Brian T. Pennicott
 
  +
** Royal Armoured Corps Officers Poole
** Director General of Weapons {{Rating|2}} Major General Edward G. Willmott
 
** Royal Artillery C3 and Information Systems Group'''<ref name=":82" />'''
 
 
* '''Director Infantry<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":83" />''', at the [[Land Warfare Centre (United Kingdom)|Land Warfare Centre]], [[Warminster]]
 
* '''Director Infantry<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":83" />''', at the [[Land Warfare Centre (United Kingdom)|Land Warfare Centre]], [[Warminster]]
 
** Director of Infantry {{Rating|2}} [[Major General]] J. David G. Pank
 
** Director of Infantry {{Rating|2}} [[Major General]] J. David G. Pank
 
** '''[[School of Infantry]]''', at the Land Warfare Centre, Warminster
 
** '''[[School of Infantry]]''', at the Land Warfare Centre, Warminster
 
*** Jungle Warfare Wing, in [[Seria, Brunei|Seria]], [[Brunei]]'''<ref name=":18">Beevor, pp. 278–296 (Overseas Deployments)</ref>'''
 
*** Jungle Warfare Wing, in [[Seria, Brunei|Seria]], [[Brunei]]'''<ref name=":18">Beevor, pp. 278–296 (Overseas Deployments)</ref>'''
 
* '''Director Royal Artillery<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":83" />''', at [[Woolwich Garrison]]
 
** Inspector of Royal Artillery {{Rating|2}} [[Major General]] Peter R. F. Bonnet (till March 1989), then Major General Brian T. Pennicott
 
** Director General of Weapons {{Rating|2}} Major General Edward G. Willmott
 
** Royal Artillery C3 and Information Systems Group'''<ref name=":82" />'''
  +
** Regimental Headquarters, [[Royal Artillery]], at [[Royal Artillery Barracks, Woolwich|Royal Artillery Barracks]]
  +
** Royal Artillery Display Troop
  +
** [[Central Volunteer Headquarters, Royal Artillery]] (V)
  +
** 17th Training Regiment and Depot, Royal Artillery, at Royal Artillery Barracks, Woolwich Garrison<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 17th Regiment RA|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-artillery/17th-regiment-ra.html|access-date=2021-06-09|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref>
  +
** Junior Leaders Regiment, Royal Artillery
  +
** [[RAF Manorbier|Royal Artillery Range]], [[Manorbier]]
  +
** [[RAF Stornoway#The Cold War|Royal Artillery Range]], [[Hebrides]]
  +
** '''Royal School of Artillery'''
  +
*** Royal School of Artillery Regiment (14th Field Regiment, RA), at Stirling Barracks, Larkhill<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 14th Regiment RA|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-artillery/14th-regiment-ra.html|access-date=2021-06-09|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref>
  +
*** Sales Demonstration Team, Royal Artillery
  +
*** [[Larkhill Garrison|Headquarters, Larkhill Garrison]], Larkhill
 
* '''Engineer-in-Chief<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":83" />'''
 
* '''Engineer-in-Chief<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":83" />'''
 
** Engineer-in-Chief {{Rating|2}} [[Major General]] Richard L. Peck
 
** Engineer-in-Chief {{Rating|2}} [[Major General]] Richard L. Peck
 
** Deputy Engineer-in-Chief {{Rating|1}} [[Brigadier]] Michael J. F. Stephens
 
** Deputy Engineer-in-Chief {{Rating|1}} [[Brigadier]] Michael J. F. Stephens
 
** Brigadier, Engineer Support {{Rating|1}} Brigadier Nicholas H. Thompson
 
** Brigadier, Engineer Support {{Rating|1}} Brigadier Nicholas H. Thompson
  +
** Central Volunteer Headquarters, [[Royal Engineers]] (V)
 
** [[Army Apprentices College]], [[Chepstow]]
 
** [[Army Apprentices College]], [[Chepstow]]
 
** '''[[Royal School of Military Engineering]]''', at Brompton Barracks, [[Chatham, Kent|Chatham]]
 
** '''[[Royal School of Military Engineering]]''', at Brompton Barracks, [[Chatham, Kent|Chatham]]
 
*** Commandant, Royal School of Military Engineering {{Rating|1}} [[Brigadier]] John M. Lucken (till December 1989), then Brigadier Anthony D. Pigott
 
*** Commandant, Royal School of Military Engineering {{Rating|1}} [[Brigadier]] John M. Lucken (till December 1989), then Brigadier Anthony D. Pigott
  +
** '''Central Volunteer Headquarters, Royal Engineers''' (all V), at [[Gibraltar Barracks, Minley|Gibraltar Barracks]], [[Minley]]<ref group="Note">111th Engineer Regiment performed the CVHQ role during this period. If mobilised, the regiment would join the Logistic Support Group with 4 x field squadrons (shown at the top of the below list).</ref><ref name=":24" />
  +
*** 111th Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers (V) (to Logistic Support Group)
  +
**** 120 Field Squadron
  +
**** 130 Field Squadron
  +
**** 198 Field Park Squadron
  +
**** Jersey Field Squadron (Royal Militia of the Island of Jersey), in [[Saint Helier]], [[Jersey]]
 
* '''Director General of Transport and Movements''' (DGTM)'''<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":83" />''', at [[Aldershot Garrison]]<ref>[http://www.the-antar.co.uk/webscans4dgtmj.jpg DGTM send off].</ref>
 
* '''Director General of Transport and Movements''' (DGTM)'''<ref name=":82" /><ref name=":83" />''', at [[Aldershot Garrison]]<ref>[http://www.the-antar.co.uk/webscans4dgtmj.jpg DGTM send off].</ref>
 
** Director General of Transport and Movements {{Rating|2}}
 
** Director General of Transport and Movements {{Rating|2}}
Line 585: Line 698:
 
** 1 x Infantry Battalion, at Salamanca Barracks, Episkopi Garrison<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - Coldstream Guards|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/infantry/coldstream-guards.html|access-date=2021-06-08|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref> (Light Infantry, 15 x [[Land Rover Defender#British and other armies|Land Rovers]], 8 x [[L16 81mm mortar|81mm Mortars]] and 6 x [[MILAN|Milan Anti-Tank Missiles]]) – deployed on 2 year roulement from February 1988 to February 1990
 
** 1 x Infantry Battalion, at Salamanca Barracks, Episkopi Garrison<ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - Coldstream Guards|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/infantry/coldstream-guards.html|access-date=2021-06-08|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref> (Light Infantry, 15 x [[Land Rover Defender#British and other armies|Land Rovers]], 8 x [[L16 81mm mortar|81mm Mortars]] and 6 x [[MILAN|Milan Anti-Tank Missiles]]) – deployed on 2 year roulement from February 1988 to February 1990
 
*** 574 Signal Troop, [[Royal Corps of Signals]]<ref name=":21">Lord & Watson, pp. 107–119 (Regular Signal Troop, 500–599)</ref>
 
*** 574 Signal Troop, [[Royal Corps of Signals]]<ref name=":21">Lord & Watson, pp. 107–119 (Regular Signal Troop, 500–599)</ref>
** 62 (Cyprus) Support Squadron, [[Royal Engineers]], at Rhine Camp, Dhekelia Garrison<ref>Watson & Rinaldi, pp. 217–262 (Post-War Regulars I: 1947–1992)</ref><ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 62 Squadron|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-engineers/squadrons/62-squadron.html|access-date=2021-06-08|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref> (79 military and 44 civilians)
+
** 62 (Cyprus) Support Squadron, [[Royal Engineers]], at Rhine Camp, Dhekelia Garrison<ref name=":25" /><ref>{{Cite web|title=British Army units from 1945 on - 62 Squadron|url=http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-engineers/squadrons/62-squadron.html|access-date=2021-06-08|website=british-army-units1945on.co.uk}}</ref> (79 military and 44 civilians)
 
** 23 Postal Courier Squadron, Postal and Courier Services, [[Royal Engineers]]
 
** 23 Postal Courier Squadron, Postal and Courier Services, [[Royal Engineers]]
 
** Military Engineering Services (Works), Cyprus
 
** Military Engineering Services (Works), Cyprus
Line 684: Line 797:
   
 
* {{Cite book|url=https://www.whatdotheyknow.com/request/staff_officers_handbook_1994#outgoing-1054657|title=FOI(A) regarding the 1988 Staff Officer's Handbook|publisher=Ministry of Defence|year=1988|location=London, United Kingdom}}
 
* {{Cite book|url=https://www.whatdotheyknow.com/request/staff_officers_handbook_1994#outgoing-1054657|title=FOI(A) regarding the 1988 Staff Officer's Handbook|publisher=Ministry of Defence|year=1988|location=London, United Kingdom}}
* {{Cite web|last=Fritz|first=Alter|date=October 2018|title=British Army of the Rhine & Royal Air Force Germany 1989: Organisation and stationing of the British Armed Forces in Germany in 1989|url=https://www.relikte.com/_basis/docs/baor-rafg-2.pdf|access-date=5 April 2021|website=Relics in Upper Saxony & Bremen}}
 
 
* {{Cite book|title=The Military Balance,1986–1987|publisher=International Institute for Strategic Studies|year=1986|isbn=978-0860790983|location=London, United Kingdom|oclc=923299446}}
 
* {{Cite book|title=The Military Balance,1986–1987|publisher=International Institute for Strategic Studies|year=1986|isbn=978-0860790983|location=London, United Kingdom|oclc=923299446}}
 
* {{Cite web|last=Drenth|first=Wienand|date=September 2000|title=The Territorial Army 1967–2000|url=https://www.orbat85.nl/documents/The%20Territorial%20Army%201967-2000.pdf|url-status=live|access-date=2 April 2021|website=1985 Netherlands Order of Battle}}
 
* {{Cite web|last=Drenth|first=Wienand|date=September 2000|title=The Territorial Army 1967–2000|url=https://www.orbat85.nl/documents/The%20Territorial%20Army%201967-2000.pdf|url-status=live|access-date=2 April 2021|website=1985 Netherlands Order of Battle}}
Line 694: Line 806:
 
* {{Cite book|last=Lindsay|first=Oliver|title=Once a Grenadier.... The Grenadier Guards 1945–1995|publisher=Pen & Sword Books|year=1996|isbn=978-1783837557|oclc=880531320}}
 
* {{Cite book|last=Lindsay|first=Oliver|title=Once a Grenadier.... The Grenadier Guards 1945–1995|publisher=Pen & Sword Books|year=1996|isbn=978-1783837557|oclc=880531320}}
 
* {{Cite book|last=Beevor|first=Antony|title=Inside the British Army|publisher=Corgi Books|year=1991|isbn=978-0552138185|location=Reading, Royal County of Berkshire, United Kingdom|oclc=1109590043}}
 
* {{Cite book|last=Beevor|first=Antony|title=Inside the British Army|publisher=Corgi Books|year=1991|isbn=978-0552138185|location=Reading, Royal County of Berkshire, United Kingdom|oclc=1109590043}}
  +
* {{Cite book|last=Watson|first=Graham E.|title=The British Army in Germany (British Army of the Rhine and After): an Organisation History 1947–2004|last2=Rinaldi|first2=Richard A.|publisher=Tiger Lilly Publications|year=2005|isbn=978-0972029698|oclc=241300352}}

Revision as of 23:53, 9 June 2021

Template:Use British English

Template:Use dmy dates This page represents the structure of the British Army in 1989, the last year of the Cold War.[1] As of 1 April 1989, the following amounts of troops were deployed around the world: 71,000 in Great Britain, 56,000 (of which the Berlin brigade makes up 3,000), 10,200 in Northern Ireland (including 3,200 on roulement), 5,000 in Hong Kong, 4,000 in the Lines of Communications counties (Netherlands and Belgium), 3,200 in Cyprus (including 850 on roulement), 1,300 in Belize (including in 1,000 on roulement), 1,000 in the Falkland Islands, 800 in Gibraltar, 800 in Brunei, 100 in Suffield (including 175 temporary staff from March–November 1989), and 60 in Zimbabwe.[2]

For the corps, the following formed each percentage of the army as at 1 April 1989: 27.0% the Infantry, 10.0% Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, 9.7% Royal Engineers, 9.0% Royal Artillery (and Royal Horse Artillery), 8.5% Royal Corps of Signals, 7.3% Royal Armoured Corps, 6.9% Royal Corps of Transport, 5.4% Royal Army Ordnance Corps, 3.15% E2, 3.1% Army Catering Corps, 2.6% Royal Army Medical Corps, 1.5% Royal Military Police, 1.4% Royal Army Pay Corps, 1.2% Army Air Corps, 1.0% Royal Pioneer Corps, 0.9% Intelligence Corps, 0.3% Royal Army Educational Corps, 0.3% Royal Army Dental Corps, 0.3% Army Physical Training Corps, 0.1% Royal Army Chaplain Corps, 0.1% Royal Army Veterinary Corps, 0.1% Small Arms School Corps, 0.1% Military Provost Staff Corps, and 0.05% Army Legal Corps. The above figures are for United Kingdom Trained Adult Males (UKTAM) only; they exclude young soldiers, junior soldiers (boys), Women Services, and Gurkhas. The Military Personnel Target 1988 (Global) is divided into MPT (Defence) (135,897) and MPT (Military Assistants) (1,050), the total being 136,947.[2]

Contents

Preface

Units in bold are higher commands.

Units with the sub-tag of '(V)' indicates these are units of the Territorial Army (TA), or another-words part-time unit.

All 5xx level signal troops have the same (rough) duty: they would remain at their location and support the unit in said brigade/formation.

Stars - important officers/offices and almost all commands will have a star rank next to them, this indicates the rank of the individual commanding the unit, and thereby representing the size of said unit, see British Army officer rank insignia.

  • Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Field Marshal (Chief of the General Staff)
  • Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".General (Army)
  • Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Lieutenant General (Corps)
  • Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Major General (Division)
  • Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Brigadier (Brigade)
  • Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Colonel (Group)
  • Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Lieutenant Colonel (Battalion)

Army Department

Antony Beevor wrote in 1991 that the 'Army's own Cabinet' was the Army Board of the Defence Council.[citation needed] The Executive Committee of the Army Board was responsible for the 'detailed management of the Army.' It included the four military members of the Army Board, including the Chief of the General Staff, General Sir John Chapple in 1989, the Second Permanent Under Secretary, and the Assistant Chief of the General Staff, a major general. The Army Department consisted of four components: the General Staff, the Adjutant General's department, the Military Secretary's department, and the Quartermaster General's department.

According to the September 1988 Staff Officer's Handbook, as part of the "Army's Cabinet", many senior officers of the corps and areas were assigned. The list below does not show the large number of civilians who hold senior appointments in the Army Departments.[3]

  • The Army Department (Principle Military Directorates)[3]
    • Assistant General of the Defence Staff Operational Requirements (Land) Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".
    • Director Army Plans and Programme Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " "., Brigadier Roger N. Wheeler (to May 1989) then Brigadier Peter J. Sheppard (from May 1989)
    • Chief of the General Staff Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " "., Field Marshal Sir John Lyon Chapple
      • Assistant Chief of the General Staff Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " "., Major General Charles Guthrie (to September 1989) then Major General Richard Swinburn (from September 1989)
        • Director of Military Operations (Army) Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " "., Brigadier Francis G. Sugden (April 1989) then Brigadier James C. M. Gordon (from April 1989)
        • Director of Command, Control, Communication and Information Systems (Army) Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " "., Brigadier William J. P. Robins (from July 1989 to March 1992)
        • Director General of Territorial Army and Organisation Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " "., Major General Charles A. Ramsay (to December 1989) then Major General D. Murray Naylor (from December 1989)
        • Director of General Training and Doctrine (Army) Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " "., Major General Anthony J. G. Pollard (DGT&D reports to AG on individual training matters)
      • Adjutant-General to the Forces Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " "., General Sir Robert A. Pascoe
        • Director General of Army Manning and Recruiting Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " "., Major General Anthony B. Crowfoot (to February 1989) then Major General Patrick Brooking (from February 1989)
        • Director General of Personal Services (Army) Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " "., Major General Patrick P. D. Stone
        • Director of Army Security Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".
      • Quartermaster-General to the Forces Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " "., General Sir Charles Edward Webb Jones
        • Director General of Logistic Policy (Army) Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " "., Major General Peter W. E. Istead
        • Director of Logistic Operations (Army) Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " "., Brigadier Richard E. Barron (to November 1989) then Brigadier C. Roland S. Notley (from November 1989)

British Army of the Rhine

The British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) was the United Kingdom's main contribution to NATO. Headquartered at Joint Headquarters Rheindahlen in West Germany and commanded by a General it consisted in peacetime of British I Corps and support troops. In the event of war with the Warsaw Pact the Commander-in-Chief of BAOR would have assumed command of NATO's Northern Army Group (NORTHAG), which was tasked with defending Northern Germany up to the river Elbe. BAOR was armed with tactical nuclear weapons and supported by Royal Air Force Germany.

During transition to war, the support units of BAOR would have formed the British Rear Combat Zone headquartered in Düsseldorf, which would have supplied the fighting forces and guarded the lines of communication within West Germany. Further West in Belgium was the British Communications Zone, which was headquartered in Emblem, outside Antwerp and tasked with receiving reinforcements and supplies from Great Britain and to co-ordinate their onward movement to 1 (BR) Corps.

Army Headquarters

  • Chief Engineer, British Army of the Rhine[1][4][5]
    • Chief Engineer, British Army of the Rhine Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Brigadier W. Ian C. Dobbie

I (British) Corps

Corps Headquarters

  • Commander, Royal Engineers, I (British) Corps[1][4][5]
    • Commander, Royal Engineers, I (British) Corps Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Brigadier Thomas R. Wright

2nd Infantry Division

Part of the cost cutting measures of the early 1980s, it was decided to disband an armoured division and and possibly reform it as a United Kingdom based infantry division. Therefore, in January 1983, the 2nd Infantry Division was reformed at Imphal Barracks, York with its HQ and divisional signal regiment retaining a forward deployed signal troop in Lippstadt, providing a forward communications link. The division remained part of the British Army of the Rhine, but was unique in its structure, since it commanded one regular brigade (24th Infantry, later Airmobile Brigade), and two Territorial Army brigades (15th at York and 49th at Nottingham). At the same time, the division assumed responsibility for North East District.[6]

15th Infantry Brigade
24th Airmobile Brigade

All battalions in the 24th Airmobile Brigade were allocated a signal troop from the Royal Corps of Signals, which would remain at their location and support the unit when it was deployed to the station and brigade. The brigade was previously the 24th Infantry Brigade under 2nd Infantry Division, but after extensive trails swapped roles with the 6th Airmobile Brigade and became an airmobile formation itself.[10] In 1990 several MPs describe the brigade as "no more mobile than a bicycle battalion", due to a lack of helicopters available.[11][10]

49th Infantry Brigade
29th Engineer Brigade

29th Engineer Brigade (Volunteers) comprised three Territorial Army engineer regiments. The brigade would deploy from the United Kingdom with the reinforcement wave.[16] The brigade would come under command of the 2nd Infantry Division when deployed to West Germany. The primary task of the brigade was to hold the crossing over the Weser river (and demolish if necessary).[17] The brigade upon deploying to Germany would also take under command an all-arms force defending the Weser Valley, effectively becoming the third manoeuvre brigade for the 2nd Infantry Division.[5]

These regiments would provide route maintenance and other engineering in the corps rear area along with the preparation for defensive positions on the west bank of the river.[5]

3rd Armoured Division

4th Armoured Division

19th Infantry Brigade

United Kingdom Land Forces

Headquarters United Kingdom Land Forces commanded nine military districts until the spring of 1991. These districts controlled the regular army brigades in the UK (inc 1st and 5th Brigades) and the predominantly TA regional brigades. In 1984–85, the nine districts were Eastern District (19th and 54th (TA) Brigades), London District (56th), 2nd Infantry Division and Headquarters North East (District) (2nd Infantry Division – 15th (TA), 24th Airmobile, and 49th (TA) Brigades), North West District (42nd (TA) Brigade), Army Headquarters Scotland (51st (TA) and 52nd (TA) Brigades), South Eastern District (2nd (TA) and 5th Airborne Brigades), South West District (AMLF(L), 1st, and 43rd (TA) Brigades), Wales District (160th (TA) Brigade), and Western District (143rd (TA) Brigade).[9]

Many of the units stationed in the United Kingdom were to move immediately to Germany to reinforce British Army of the Rhine (BAOR) in case of war between NATO and the Warsaw Pact. For administrative purposes these units were under command of brigade Headquarters based in the UK during peacetime.[citation needed] Such reinforcement units are indicated in the list below in italics followed by the higher command they were to reinforce in Germany in brackets.

Headquarters

  • Headquarters, United Kingdom Land Forces, at Erskine Barracks, Wilton[23]
    • Commander, United Kingdom Land Forces Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". General Sir Charles Richard Huxtable[24]
    • Infantry Training Unit (United Kingdom Land Forces)[1]
    • Commander, United Kingdom Land Forces Home Defence Companies[Note 2]
    • Commander, Royal Corps of Signals
      • Commander, Royal Corps of Signals Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Brigadier John O. C. Alexander
    • Commander, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers[1] (also Commander Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Territorial Army from 1982) Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".
      • London District Light Aid Detachment, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (equipment to 209th Support Workshop (V))

United Kingdom Field Army

Headquarters

5th Airborne Brigade

Logistic Support Group

  • United Kingdom Mobile Force RHU (vehicles from 44 Sqn RCT)

Headquarters Scotland

Army Headquarters Scotland encompassing Scotland. During peacetime the HQ doubles as the No. 1 Region, which encompassed Scotland. During wartime, the region would take over from the district as the overall HQ, and would be divided into two 'zones', which in Scotland encompassed Highland Zone overseen by 51st (Highland) Infantry Brigade, and Lowland Zone overseen by 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Brigade. These zones were further divided into several 'TAORs' (Tactical Area of Operational Responsibility).

51st (Highland) Brigade

During war, 51st (Highland) Brigade would oversee Highland Zone, which encompassed the following TAORs: Orkney, Shetland, Western Isles, Highland (region), Grampians, Tayside, Fife, and Central Region. These TAORs were further divided into several 'KPs' (Keypoints), which would nominally be guarded by Home Defence battalions, but also the new Home Service Force.[1][29] 51st (Highland) Brigade encompassing the Scottish Highlands: Argyll (part of Strathclyde), Central Scotland, Kingdom of Fife, Tayside, Grampian, Highland, Western Isles, Orkney, and Shetland. 51st Infantry Brigade's primary role was that of mobile defence of the UK, with a particular emphasis on defending the military infrastructure at the UK end of the Greenland-Iceland-UK (G-I-UK) Gap alongside 52 Brigade.

52nd (Lowland) Brigade

52nd (Lowland) Brigade encompassing the Scottish Lowlands: Lothian, Scottish Borders, Dumfries and Galloway, and Strathclyde (minus Argyll). 52nd Brigade's primary role was that of mobile defence of the UK, with a particular emphasis on defending the military infrastructure at the UK end of the Greenland-Iceland-UK (G-I-UK) Gap alongside 51 Brigade.[30] During war, the 52nd Brigade would oversee Lowland Zone, which encompassed the following TAORs: North Strathclyde, Dumfries and Galloway, Borders, and Lothian. These TAORs were further divided into several 'KPs' (Keypoints), which would nominally be guarded by Home Defence battalions, but also the new Home Service Force.

North East District

North East District covering Northumberland, Tyne and Wear, County Durham, North Yorkshire, East Riding of Yorkshire, West Riding of Yorkshire, and South Yorkshire. During peacetime the HQ doubles as the Region No. 2, which encompassed North East England. During wartime, the region would take over from the district as the overall HQ, and would be divided into two 'zones', No. 1 Zone (West Riding of Yorkshire, County Borough of York, South Yorkshire, North Riding of Yorkshire, and the East Riding of Yorkshire) overseen by 146th Brigade, and No. 2 Zone (County Durham, Northumberland, and Tyne and Wear) overseen by a detachment of the District HQ. These zones were further divided into several 'TAORs' (Tactical Area of Operational Responsibility).

146th (North East) Brigade

According to the 1991 Master Order of Battle, the 146th Brigade was a home defence formation overseeing the regional units based in the North East. On mobilisation this brigade would be tasked with home defence, while the 2nd Division left for Germany.[1] It comprised No. 2 Zone (County Durham, Northumberland, and Tyne and Wear).

Eastern District

Eastern District encompassing the counties of Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire, Derbyshire, Essex, Hertfordshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Norfolk, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Rutland, and Suffolk. Unlike the rest of the districts, Eastern District comprised 2 regions, and would oversee 4 zones, the most of all the districts. These regions included Region No. 3 (East Midlands divided into No. 1 Zone (Derbyshire, Lincolnshire, and Nottinghamshire) and No. 2 Zone (Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, and Rutland)) and Region No. 4 (encompassing East Anglia divided into No. 1 Zone (Cambridgeshire, Norfolk, and Suffolk) and No. 2 Zone (Bedfordshire, Essex, and Hertfordshire)).

54th (East Anglian) Infantry Brigade

54th (East Anglian) Infantry Brigade tasked with home defence. It comprised Region No. 4 (encompassing East Anglia divided into No. 1 Zone (Cambridgeshire, Norfolk, and Suffolk) and No. 2 Zone (Bedfordshire, Essex, and Hertfordshire)).[1]

161st (East Anglia) Infantry Brigade

According to the 1991 Master Order of Battle, the 161st Brigade was a home defence formation overseeing the regional units based in East Anglia. It comprised Region No. 3 (East Midlands divided into No. 1 Zone (Derbyshire, Lincolnshire, and Nottinghamshire) and No. 2 Zone (Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, and Rutland)).[1]

12th (Air Support) Engineer Brigade

12th (Air Support) Engineer Brigade was under administrative command of Eastern District. It oversaw all air damage repair squadrons till 1988 and the air support separate regiment and units.

London District

London District comprising the County of London in addition to the barracks in Windsor. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, London Distrust was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 5 (London), which was further divided into No. 1 Zone (London).

12th Signal Brigade

Within 72 hours of mobilisation the brigade would establish and operate telecommunication connections in the Rear Combat Zone and the Communications Zone, BAOR.

56th (London) Brigade

56th (London) Brigade provided home defence.[1]

South East District

South East District encompassing the counties of Royal County of Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, East Sussex, Hampshire, Kent, Oxfordshire, Surrey, and West Sussex. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, South East District was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 6 (South East). This region was further divided into two zones, No. 1 Zone (encompassing East Sussex, Kent, Surrey, and West Sussex) and No. 2 Zone (encompassing the Thames Valley (the Royal County of Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, and Oxfordshire) and Hampshire, and the Isle of Wight.) – zone 2 would be overseen by the new 145th (South) Brigade from 1995, which was originally slated to be formed in 1990 but was delayed due to the end of the Cold War.

2nd (Southeast) Infantry Brigade

2nd (Southeast) Infantry Brigade would provide mobile home defence, with a priority on defending the ports of South East England.[34] 2nd Infantry Brigade was unique because it was one of only 6 of its type to not oversee a specific zone. This is because the brigade was in the mobile defence role, and would instead perform liaison tasks, command TAORs directly, or would be incorporated into the Regional Headquarters where needed.

South West District

South West District encompassing the following counties: Cornwall, Devonshire, Dorsetshire, Somersetshire, City and County of Bristol, Wiltshire, and Gloucestershire. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, South West District was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 7 (South West). This region was further divided into two zones, No. 1 Zone (encompassing Cornwall and Devonshire) and No. 2 Zone (encompassing Dorsetshire, Gloucestershire, Somersetshire, Wiltshire, and the City and County of Bristol).

2nd Signal Brigade
1st Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom Mobile Force)

1st Infantry Brigade was formed by redesignation of the old 6th Field Force, and by 1989 was the only remaining British field formation which would join Allied Forces Baltic Approaches on mobilisation. The Infantry Brigade became known and was frequently referred to as the United Kingdom Mobile Force (UKMF), which was separate than the Allied Mobile Force, which was able to deploy anywhere within the NATO western border.

Allied Mobile Force Land

Allied Command Europe Mobile Force was based at Campbell Barracks, Heidelberg and was organised into several elements, of which one was Allied Mobile Force Land (AMFL). This formation was a brigade sized group which could rapidly deploy anywhere within the NATO area from Northern Norway (Allied Forces North Norway), West Germany (NATO Northern Army Group), and to Eastern Turkey (Allied Land Forces South Eastern Europe).

43rd (Wessex) Infantry Brigade

43rd (Wessex) Infantry Brigade would provide mobile home defence if mobilised.[1] 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Brigade was unique because it was one of only 6 of its type to not oversee a specific zone. This is because the brigade was in the mobile defence role, and would instead perform liaison tasks, command TAORs directly, or would be incorporated into the Regional Headquarters where needed.

Wales District

Wales District encompassing Wales. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, Wales District was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 8 (Wales). This region was further divided into two zones (in Wales's case these were divided by districts, then by counties), No. 1 Zone (encompassing Clwyd (Flintshire, Denbighshire (expect Llanrwst area), and Merionethshire (only the Edeyrnion Rural District)) and Gwynedd (Anglesey, Caernarfonshire, Merionethshire (all except the Edeyrnion Rural District), and Denbighshire (only the Llanrwst area))) and No. 2 Zone (encompassing Dyfed (Cardiganshire, Carmarthenshire, and Pembrokeshire), Gwent (Monmouthshire (including the County borough of Newport (except parts in Mid Glamorgan and South Glamorgan)), Mid Glamorgan (Glamorgan (only Aberdare, Bridgend, Caerphilly, Pontypridd, Rhondda, etc, plus the County Borough of Merthyr Tydfil), Breconshire (only Penderyn and Vaynor), and Monmouthshire (only Bedwas and Machen, Rhymney, and part of Bedwellty)), Powys (Montgomeryshire, Radnorshire, and Breconshire (all except those parts in Gwent and Mid Glamorgan)), South Glamorgan (Glamorgan (only Barry, Cowbridge, Penarth, and the County borough of Cardiff), and Monmouthshire (only St Mellons)), and West Glamorgan (Glamorgan (only Glyncorrwg, Neath, Llwchwr, Port Talbot, and the County borough of Swansea))).

160th (Wales) Brigade

160th (Wales) Brigade providing home defence of Wales.[1]

Western District

Western District encompassing the counties of Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, West Midlands, Worcestershire. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, Western District was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 9 (Western). This region was further divided into two zones, No. 1 Zone (Staffordshire, Warwickshire, and the West Midlands) No. 2 Zone (Herefordshire, Shropshire, and Worcestershire).

143rd (West Midlands) Brigade

143rd (West Midlands) Brigade tasked with home defence.[1]

30th Engineer Brigade

The 30th Engineer Brigade (Volunteers) contained three United Kingdom-based Territorial Army engineer regiments. If mobilised, the brigade would come under Commander Royal Engineers, British Army of the Rhine and provide a reinforcement role.[43] The brigade was also tasked with keeping the main supply route open and clear of obstacles.[5]

North West District

North West District encompassing the counties of Cumbria, Lancashire, Greater Manchester, Merseyside, and Cheshire in addition to overseeing the Isle of Man. Like the other districts within the United Kingdom, North West District was assigned a regional number, which was in this case Region No. 10 (North West). This region was further divided into two zones, No. 1 Zone (Cumbria, Greater Manchester, and Lancashire) No. 2 Zone (Cheshire, Isle of Man, and Merseyside).

11th Signal Brigade

42nd (Northwest) Infantry Brigade

Headquarters Northern Ireland

In 1991, troops in under Army Headquarters Northern Ireland comprised some 11,000 British soldiers and about 6,000 members of the Ulster Defence Regiment. The command is technically part of United Kingdom Land Forces (as Region No. 8), however because of the Troubles, thee General Officer Command, reports to the Ministry of Defence and Secretary of State for Northern Ireland directly. The commanding officer also has local Royal Navy, and more important, Royal Air Force units under command.[45]

  • Army Headquarters Northern Ireland[1][4][5], at Thiepval Barracks, Lisburn[45]
    • Commander Army Headquarters Northern Ireland, Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Lieutenant General Sir Charles John Waters
    • Commander Land Forces, Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".[45] Major General Robert J. Hodges (till December 1989), then Major General David P. Thomson
    • 102nd (Ulster) Air Defence Regiment, Royal Artillery (V), in Newtownards (32 x Javelin surface-to-air missiles) [to Air Defence Group, 1st Artillery Brigade]
3rd Infantry Brigade

3rd Infantry Brigade's primary role was that of Home Defence and was permanently stationed in Northern Ireland, with a particular emphasis of guarding the United Kingdom–Ireland border and combating the IRA. In 1988, a reorganisation of HQ Northern Ireland saw the 3rd Infantry Brigade HQ reformed in Armagh which directed all Army operations in the border area, allowing the other two brigades to focus in Anti-IRA operations in other areas. The brigade also held territorial responsibility for County Fermanagh.[46] The brigade's TAORs (Tactical Areas of Responsibility) snakes from near Newry in the south-east all the way round to Strabane in the west, some 300 miles along the outer parts of County Armagh, County Fermanagh, and County Tyrone.[45]

8th Infantry Brigade

3rd Infantry Brigade's primary role was that of Home Defence and was permanently stationed in Northern Ireland, with a particular emphasis of combating the IRA.[47] 8th Infantry Brigade oversaw the north and centre-west of the province, which includes County Londonderry and County Tyrone (except the border).[45]

39th Infantry Brigade

3rd Infantry Brigade's primary role was that of Home Defence and was permanently stationed in Northern Ireland, with a particular emphasis of combating the IRA.[47] The brigade also oversaw regional responsibility for several TAORs (Tactical Area(s) of Responsibility), including County Antrim, County Armagh (except the UK-Ireland border region), County Down, and the City of Belfast.[45]

107th (Ulster) Brigade

107th (Ulster) Brigade was formed in 1988 as an administrative HQ to coordinate the TA units in Northern Ireland. However, it did not become a field formation until the mid 1990s.[49]

Commander Training and Arms Directors

Commander Training and Arms Directors is a three-star (Lieutenant General's) command reporting to Commander United Kingdom Field Army.[50]

  • Directorate of Army Training[1]
    • Army Physical Training Corps and Physical Training School, Aldershot Garrison
    • Royal Military College of Science, Shrivenham
    • Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
    • Staff College, Camberley
    • Royal College of Defence Studies, London
    • Joint Service Training Centre, Anglesey
    • United Kingdom Land Forces School of Projects and Research
    • United Kingdom Land Forces School of Adventure Traniing
    • Cinque Ports Training Area
    • Sailsbury Plain Training Area
    • Otterburn Training Area
    • Sennybridge Training Area
    • Combined Arms Training Centre
    • Warcop Training Centre
    • United Kingdom Land Forces Training
      • Strensall and Rowlstone Training Camps
      • Black Dog Ranges
      • Barry Budden Training Camp
      • Culty Braggan Training Camp
      • Edinburgh Training Camp
      • Gareloch Head Training Camp
      • Stirling Training Company
      • Training Camp/Range, Western District
      • Training Camp/Range, Eastern District
      • Training Camp/Range, South Eastern District
      • Training Camp/Range, London District
      • Altcar Training Camp
      • Capel Curig Training Camp
      • Holcombe Moor Training Camp
      • Halton Training Camp
      • Kinmel Park Training Camp
      • Cwrt Y Gollen Training Camp
      • Ty Croes Training Camp
      • Catterick Training Centre
      • Penally Camp
      • Devon and Cornwall Training Areas
      • Okehampton/Willsworthy Training Camp
      • Penhale Training Camp
      • Pfremington Training Camp
      • Darmoor Ranges
      • Devon and Cornwall Training Area
      • Okehampton/Willsworthy Training Camp
      • Penhale Training Camp
      • Fremington Training Camp
      • Dartmoor Ranges
      • Cadet Training Groups[1]
        • 1st Cadet Training Team
        • 2nd Cadet Training Team
        • 3rd Cadet Training Team
        • 4th Cadet Training Team
        • 5th Cadet Training Team
        • 6th Cadet Training Team
        • 7th Cadet Training Team
        • 8th Cadet Training Team
        • 9th Cadet Training Team
        • 12th Cadet Training Team
        • 13th Cadet Training Team
        • 14th Cadet Training Team
        • 15th Cadet Training Team
        • 16th Cadet Training Team
        • 17th Cadet Training Team
        • 18th Cadet Training Team
        • 19th Cadet Training Team
        • 20th Cadet Training Team
        • 10th Cadet Training Team
        • 11th Cadet Training Team
        • 21st Cadet Training Team
        • 22nd Cadet Training Team
        • 23rd Cadet Training Team
        • 24th Cadet Training Team
        • 25th Cadet Training Team
        • 26th Cadet Training Team
        • 27th Cadet Training Team
        • 29th Cadet Training Team
        • 30th Cadet Training Team
        • 31st Cadet Training Team
        • 32nd Cadet Training Team
        • 33rd Cadet Training Team
        • 35th Cadet Training Team
        • 36th Cadet Training Team
        • 37th Cadet Training Team
        • 38th Cadet Training Team
        • 39th Cadet Training Team
        • 40th Cadet Training Team
    • Defence Education (those with Army elements provided)
    • Army Reserve Corps Office (administering the Officers' Training Corps)
      • Exeter Officers' Training Corps
      • University of Wales Officers' Training Corps
      • Aberdeen Officers' Training Corps
      • Birmingham Officers' Training Corps
      • Bristol Officers' Training Corps
      • Cambridge Officers' Training Corps
      • Northumbrian Officers' Training Corps
      • Edinburgh/Heriot Watt Officers' Training Corps
      • Glasgow/Strathclyde Officers' Training Corps
      • Leeds Officers' Training Corps
      • Liverpool Officers' Training Corps
      • London Officers' Training Corps
      • Manchester and Salford Officers' Training Corps
      • East Midlands Officers' Training Corps
      • Oxford Officers' Training Corps
      • Tayforth Officers' Training Corps
      • Sheffield Officers' Training Corps
      • Southampton Officers' Training Corps

British Army Training Unit Suffield

The British Army Training Unit Suffield, though normally shortened to BATUS is a training unit of the Army based on the Canadian Prairies in Alberta, Canada. According to the 1991 Master Order of Battle, there were not permanently assigned/detached units based at the location. The British Army of the Rhine was 'assigned' to the unit provided training there, while UKLF used the Salisbury Plain. Therefore, the area was heavily used by armoured/armoured infantry/wheeled infantry battlegroups.

Adjutant General's Department

The Office of the Adjutant General to the Forces oversaw all training, recruiting, and personnel issues.

Quartermaster General's Department

  • Signal Officer-in-Chief[1][24], at Blandford Camp
    • Signal Officer-in-Chief Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Major General Paul D. Alexander (till April 1989), then Major General Robert F. L. Cook
    • Deputy Signal Officer-in-Chief Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Brigadier Thomas H. Wheawell
    • Head of Military Communications Projects Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Brigadier Anthony H. Boyle
      • Project Wavell Military Team
    • Army Apprentices College, Harrogate
  • Director Intelligence Corps[1][24], at Templer Barracks, Ashford
    • Director Intelligence Corps Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Brigadier Michael P. Ford (till April 1989), then Brigadier A. K. Crawford
  • Director Royal Armoured Corps[1][24], at Bovington Camp
  • Director Infantry[1][24], at the Land Warfare Centre, Warminster
    • Director of Infantry Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Major General J. David G. Pank
    • School of Infantry, at the Land Warfare Centre, Warminster
  • Director Royal Artillery[1][24], at Woolwich Garrison
    • Inspector of Royal Artillery Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Major General Peter R. F. Bonnet (till March 1989), then Major General Brian T. Pennicott
    • Director General of Weapons Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Major General Edward G. Willmott
    • Royal Artillery C3 and Information Systems Group[1]
    • Regimental Headquarters, Royal Artillery, at Royal Artillery Barracks
    • Royal Artillery Display Troop
    • Central Volunteer Headquarters, Royal Artillery (V)
    • 17th Training Regiment and Depot, Royal Artillery, at Royal Artillery Barracks, Woolwich Garrison[71]
    • Junior Leaders Regiment, Royal Artillery
    • Royal Artillery Range, Manorbier
    • Royal Artillery Range, Hebrides
    • Royal School of Artillery
      • Royal School of Artillery Regiment (14th Field Regiment, RA), at Stirling Barracks, Larkhill[72]
      • Sales Demonstration Team, Royal Artillery
      • Headquarters, Larkhill Garrison, Larkhill
  • Engineer-in-Chief[1][24]
    • Engineer-in-Chief Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Major General Richard L. Peck
    • Deputy Engineer-in-Chief Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Brigadier Michael J. F. Stephens
    • Brigadier, Engineer Support Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Brigadier Nicholas H. Thompson
    • Central Volunteer Headquarters, Royal Engineers (V)
    • Army Apprentices College, Chepstow
    • Royal School of Military Engineering, at Brompton Barracks, Chatham
      • Commandant, Royal School of Military Engineering Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Brigadier John M. Lucken (till December 1989), then Brigadier Anthony D. Pigott
    • Central Volunteer Headquarters, Royal Engineers (all V), at Gibraltar Barracks, Minley[Note 4][32]
      • 111th Engineer Regiment, Royal Engineers (V) (to Logistic Support Group)
        • 120 Field Squadron
        • 130 Field Squadron
        • 198 Field Park Squadron
        • Jersey Field Squadron (Royal Militia of the Island of Jersey), in Saint Helier, Jersey
  • Director General of Transport and Movements (DGTM)[1][24], at Aldershot Garrison[73]
    • Director General of Transport and Movements Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".
    • 320 Transport Squadron, Royal Corps of Transport (Home Defence) – affiliated with North West District
    • 321 Transport Squadron, Royal Corps of Transport (Home Defence) – affiliated with Army Headquarters Wales
    • 322 Transport Squadron, Royal Corps of Transport (Home Defence) – affiliated with Western District
    • 323 Transport Squadron, Royal Corps of Transport (Home Defence) – affiliated with London District
    • 324 Transport Squadron, Royal Corps of Transport (Home Defence) – affiliated with South West District
    • 325 Transport Squadron, Royal Corps of Transport (Home Defence) – affiliated with Eastern District
    • 326 Transport Squadron, Royal Corps of Transport (Home Defence) – affiliated with South East District
    • 327 Transport Squadron, Royal Corps of Transport (Home Defence) – affiliated with North East District
    • 328 Transport Squadron, Royal Corps of Transport (Home Defence) – affiliated with Army Headquarters Scotland
  • Director General, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers[1][24]
    • Director General, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Major General Dennis Shaw
    • 1st Deputy Director of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Brigadier Samuel T. Webber
    • 1st Deputy Director of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Brigadier R. A. Weston
    • Director of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering (Organisation and Training) Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Brigadier Michael H. Carey
    • Director of Electrical and Mechanical Engineering (Management Services) Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Brigadier Bryan D. Gotts
    • Director of Production Engineering Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Brigadier James Dennis (till December 1989), then Brigadier R. Coop
    • Princess Marina College, Arborfield Garrison
  • Director Army Air Corps[1][24], at AAC Middle Wallop
    • Director Army Air Corps Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ".Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character " ". Major General Leslie F. H. Busk (till December 1989), then Major General Robin D. Grist

Royal Marines

The Royal Marines are not part of the British Army, however some army units provide support to the RM and 3 Commando Brigade, and these units are listed below. In the event of mobilisation, the brigade would be deployed to Northern Norway tasked with defending NATO's northern flank.[74]

Ministry of Defence

Of course the Ministry of Defence (MoD) was not an army command by any means, but many officers and appointments reported directly to the MoD. Those who worked for the MoD were nicknamed the "Whitehall Johnnies".

Deputy Chief of the Defence Staff (Commitments)

British Forces Falkland Islands

British Forces Falkland Islands was an oversees command of the Armed Forces headquartered at RAF Mount Pleasant which had been constructed in 1985 as a military base on the Falkland Islands following the Falklands War. The group was commanded in turn by a two-star general commanding officer either of the British Army (Major General), Royal Navy Rear Admiral, or Royal Air Force (Air Vice Marshal).[76] In 1985/86 the personnel deployed comprised: 2,000 total personnel which was in the process of being reduced.[76]

British Forces Gibraltar

British Forces Gibraltar was an oversees command of the Armed Forces headquartered at Flagstaff House. The group was commanded in turn by a two-star commanding officer of the Royal Navy, in the rank of Rear Admiral.[76] The officer was designated as 'Flag Officer Gibraltar' (FOGIBRALTAR), which reported to Commander-in-Chief Fleet (CINCFLEET). During this period, BF Gibraltar comprised: 720 Naval and Royal Marine personnel, 771 Army personnel, and 456 RAF personnel, totally some 2,000 deployed personnel.[78]

British Forces Belize

British Forces Belize was an oversees command of the Armed Forces headquartered at Price Barracks in Ladyville, Belize. The group was commanded in turn by a one-star commanding officer, in the rank of Brigadier.[76] The group was known as Belize Garrison throughout the Army.[1] During this period, BF Belize comprised: 1,200 Army personnel, 200 RAF personnel, totalling some 1,200 deployed personnel.[78][84] Note: RAF units are listed as the commander of BF Belize was an army officer, and therefore oversaw some other services' units.

British Forces Cyprus

British Forces Cyprus was an oversees command of the Armed Forces headquartered at RAF Akrotiri in the Akrotiri sovereign base area. The group was commanded in turn by a two-star general commanding officer either of the British Army (Major General) or Royal Air Force (Air Vice Marshal).[76][70] During this period BF Cyprus comprised: 3,353 Army personnel, 1,393 RAF personnel, and 18 marines, totalling some 4,700 deployed personnel.[76]

British Forces Hong Kong

British Forces Hong Kong was an oversees command of the Armed Forces headquartered at Flagstaff House. The group was commanded in turn by a two-star commanding officer, in the rank of Major General.[76] During this period BF Hong Kong comprised: 8,017 Army personnel (1,917 British, 4,765 Gurkha, and 1,335 Locals), 650 (378 locals) Navy personnel, and 278 RAF personnel, totalling some 9,000 personnel.[76]

British Garrison Brunei

British Garrison Brunei was a subordinate overseas garrison of the British Army, overseen by British Forces Hong Kong. The garrison's headquarters were in Seria. During this period, the garrison comprised some 900 deployed personnel.[76]

British Gurkhas Nepal

British Gurkhas Nepal was a subordinate overseas garrison of the British Army, overseen by British Forces Hong Kong. The garrison comprised some 1,500 locally enlisted personnel of the Indian Army, Royal Nepalese Army, and Gurkhas.[76]

Unknown assignments

Footnotes

Notes

  1. The field artillery regiments and air defence regiment remained under brigade control (for administrative purposes). However, if mobilised, these regiments would join the divisional artillery command.
  2. Oversaw the home defence companies (Home Service Force) for administrative purposes.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 With the expansion of the SAS and HAC, the role of the Observation batteries was diminished. Therefore, starting in 1989, and only completed by 1992, these batteries became field batteries. Their roles at the end of 1989 were those which were by 1992, however they were still independent. Again, the title of 'Observation Post Battery' was still in use, but the organisation was not of that.
  4. 111th Engineer Regiment performed the CVHQ role during this period. If mobilised, the regiment would join the Logistic Support Group with 4 x field squadrons (shown at the top of the below list).
  5. Davies (see page above) notes "One Troop would be allocated to the post-1982 Falklands Garrison." Therefore the establishment of the battery here is different from that of the normal AD battery.
  6. Battle Group North is based at Airport Camp, with its main detachment at Holdfast Camp.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Supported by a armoured recce troop of Scimitars and Scorpions, and a troop of 105mm light guns.

Citations

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 1.18 1.19 1.20 1.21 1.22 1.23 1.24 1.25 1.26 1.27 1.28 1.29 1.30 1.31 1.32 1.33 1.34 1.35 1.36 1.37 1.38 1.39 1.40 1.41 1.42 1.43 1.44 1.45 1.46 1.47 1.48 1.49 1.50 1.51 1.52 1.53 1.54 1.55 1.56 1.57 1.58 1.59 1.60 1.61 1.62 1.63 1.64 1991 Master Order of Battle (pages are not provided in the document).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Staff Officer's Handbook 1988, pp. 2–3.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Staff Officer's Handbook, pp. 4–5.
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 4.24 4.25 4.26 4.27 4.28 4.29 4.30 Fritz, Alter (October 2018). "British Army of the Rhine & Royal Air Force Germany 1989: Organisation and stationing of the British Armed Forces in Germany in 1989". https://www.relikte.com/_basis/docs/baor-rafg-2.pdf. 
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 5.13 5.14 5.15 5.16 5.17 5.18 5.19 5.20 5.21 5.22 5.23 5.24 5.25 5.26 5.27 5.28 5.29 5.30 5.31 5.32 5.33 5.34 Vieux-Bill, Louis (May 2021). "British Army of the Rhine Order of Battle, July 1989". https://www.orbat85.nl/documents/BAOR-July-1989.pdf. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Lord & Watson, p. 28
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 7.4 7.5 Lord & Watson, pp. 23–39 (Regular Signal Regiments 1st to 30th)
  8. 8.0 8.1 "British Army units from 1945 on - 2 Regiment". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-signals/regiments---major-units-2/2-regiment-2.html. 
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 9.13 9.14 9.15 9.16 9.17 Drenth, pp. 10–14
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 "The Army (Hansard, 26 January 1988)". https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1988/jan/26/the-army. 
  11. "The Army (Hansard, 5 June 1990)". https://api.parliament.uk/historic-hansard/commons/1990/jun/05/the-army. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 "British Army units from 1945 on - 210 Squadron". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-signals/squadrons-2/210-squadron.html. 
  13. 13.00 13.01 13.02 13.03 13.04 13.05 13.06 13.07 13.08 13.09 13.10 13.11 Lord & Watson, pp. 79–107 (Regular Signal Squadrons, 200–299)
  14. "British Army units from 1945 on - 27th Regiment RA". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-artillery/27th-regiment-ra.html. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 "British Army units from 1945 on - 16th Regiment RA". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-artillery/16th-regiment-ra.html. 
  16. Drenth, p. 3
  17. Drenth, p. 16
  18. "British Army units from 1945 on - 9th/12th Royal Lancers". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-armoured-corps/9th-12th-royal-lancers.html. 
  19. Watson & Rinaldi Germany, pp. 103–112 (BAOR 1983–1990)
  20. 20.0 20.1 "British Army units from 1945 on - 209 Squadron". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-signals/squadrons-2/209-squadron.html. 
  21. "British Army units from 1945 on - Royal Hussars". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-armoured-corps/royal-hussars.html. 
  22. "British Army units from 1945 on - 45th Regiment RA". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-artillery/45th-regiment-ra.html. 
  23. 23.0 23.1 Beevor, pp. 230–242 (UK Land Forces)
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  26. "British Army units from 1945 on - Life Guards". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-armoured-corps/life-guards.html. 
  27. "British Army units from 1945 on - 7th Regiment RHA". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-artillery/7th-regiment-rha.html. 
  28. "History of the 2nd Division". http://www.army.mod.uk/2div/about/history.htm. Retrieved 2007-09-05. 
  29. Staff Officer's Handbook, pp. 18–20.
  30. Davies, p. 29.
  31. Paxton, J. (1972). The Statesman's Year-Book 1972-73: The Encyclopaedia for the Businessman-of-The-World. Palgrave Macmillan UK. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-230-27101-2. https://books.google.com/books?id=l43JDQAAQBAJ&pg=PA104&lpg=PA104&dq=HQ+UK+Land+Forces+1972+9+district+headquarters#q=HQ%20UK%20Land%20Forces%201972%209%20district%20headquarters. 
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 Watson & Rinaldi, pp. 312–324 (Reserves II (1967–2018)
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  35. Staff Officer's Handbook, p. 43
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  37. Lord & Watson, p. 88
  38. "British Army units from 1945 on - 13th/18th Hussars". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-armoured-corps/13th-18th-hussars.html. 
  39. "British Army units from 1945 on - 22 Regiment". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-engineers/regiments---major-units/22-regiment.html. 
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  41. "British Army units from 1945 on - 94th Regiment RA". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-artillery/94th-regiment-ra.html. 
  42. Staff Officer's Handbook, p. 34
  43. Davies, p. 1
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  54. "Life Guards [UK"]. 2007-12-18. https://web.archive.org/web/20071218153318/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/guards/c-LG.htm. 
  55. "The Blues and Royals (Royal Horse Guards and 1st Dragoons) [UK"]. 2007-12-14. https://web.archive.org/web/20071214220423/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/guards/c-BR.htm. 
  56. "1st The Queen's Dragoon Guards [UK"]. 2007-12-16. https://web.archive.org/web/20071216183302/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/DG1qdg.htm. 
  57. "The Royal Scots Dragoon Guards (Carabiniers and Greys) [UK"]. 2007-12-20. https://web.archive.org/web/20071220011940/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/DG3rsdg.htm. 
  58. "4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards [UK"]. 2007-12-18. https://web.archive.org/web/20071218144332/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/DG4-7rdg.htm. 
  59. "5th Royal Inniskilling Dragoon Guards [UK"]. 2007-12-18. https://web.archive.org/web/20071218193521/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/DG5Innis.htm. 
  60. "The Queen's Own Hussars [UK"]. 2007-12-16. https://web.archive.org/web/20071216183252/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/D03QOH.htm. 
  61. "The Queen's Royal Irish Hussars [UK"]. 2007-12-19. https://web.archive.org/web/20071219190806/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/D04QRIH.htm. 
  62. "9th/12th Royal Lancers [UK"]. 2007-12-16. https://web.archive.org/web/20071216183257/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/D09-12L.htm. 
  63. "The Royal Hussars (Prince of Wales's Own) [UK"]. 2008-01-13. https://web.archive.org/web/20080113045409/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/D10RH.htm. 
  64. "13th/18th Royal Hussars (Queen Mary's Own) [UK"]. 2007-11-24. https://web.archive.org/web/20071124201903/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/D13-18h.htm. 
  65. "14th/20th King's Hussars [UK"]. 2007-10-13. https://web.archive.org/web/20071013163117/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/D14-20h.htm. 
  66. "15th/19th The King's Royal Hussars [UK"]. 2008-01-03. https://web.archive.org/web/20080103191714/http://regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/D15-19h.htm. 
  67. "16th/5th The Queen's Royal Lancers [UK"]. 2007-12-20. https://web.archive.org/web/20071220011935/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/D16-5L.htm. 
  68. "17th/21st Lancers (UK)". 2007-12-21. https://web.archive.org/web/20071221105514/http://www.regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/D17-21L.htm. 
  69. "The Royal Tank Regiment [UK"]. 2007-12-15. https://web.archive.org/web/20071215193548/http://regiments.org/regiments/uk/cav/RTR.htm. 
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  72. "British Army units from 1945 on - 14th Regiment RA". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-artillery/14th-regiment-ra.html. 
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  83. "1RG.GI". http://www.1rg.gi/history/regiment.qxp. 
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  96. "British Army units from 1945 on - Squadrons 51 to 60". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-corps-of-transport/squadrons-51-to-70.html. 
  97. "British Army units from 1945 on - Command Workshops". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-electrical-and-mechanical-engineers/command-workshops.html. 
  98. "British Army units from 1945 on - Provost Companies 170 to 260". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-military-police/provost-companies-170-to-260.html. 
  99. "British Army units from 1945 on - Flights 11 to 20". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/army-air-corps/11-to-20-flights-aac.html. 
  100. "British Army units from 1945 on - Squadrons 51 to 60". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/royal-corps-of-transport/squadrons-51-to-70.html. 
  101. Staff Officer's Handbook, p. 22
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  103. "British Army units from 1945 on - 2nd Gurkha Rifles". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/infantry/gurkha-rifles-1st-6th/2nd-gurkha-rifles.html. 
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  105. "British Army units from 1945 on - 7th Gurkha Rifles". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/infantry/gurkha-rifles-1st-6th/7th-gurkha-rifles.html. 
  106. "British Army units from 1945 on - 10th Gurkha Rifles". http://british-army-units1945on.co.uk/infantry/gurkha-rifles-1st-6th/10th-gurkha-rifles.html. 

References

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