A Dry Deck Shelter (DDS) is a removable module that can be attached to a submarine to allow divers easy exit and entrance while the boat is submerged. The host submarine must be specially modified to accommodate the DDS, with the appropriate mating hatch configuration, electrical connections, and piping for ventilation, divers' air, and draining water.
The United States Navy's DDSs are 11.6 meters (38 feet) long by 2.7 meters (9 feet) high and wide, add about 30 tons to its host submarine's submerged displacement, can be transported by trucks or C-5 Galaxy aircraft, and require one to three days to install and test. They have three HY-80 steel sections within the outer glass-reinforced plastic (GRP) fairing: a spherical hyperbaric chamber at the forward end to treat injured divers; a smaller spherical transfer trunk; and a cylindrical hangar with elliptical ends. The hangar can support a Swimmer Delivery Vehicle (SDV), four Navy SEALs to man the SDV, and a crew of Navy Divers to operate the DDS and launch the SDV; or 20 SEALs with four Combat Rubber Raiding Craft (CRRC). The SDV release team consists of 2 officers, 2 enlisted technicians, and 18 divers.
There are currently six portable Dry Deck Shelters in use by the USN, the first one built by Electric Boat. The first, designated DDS-01S ("S" for starboard opening outer door), was completed in 1982. The remaining five, DDS-02P ("P" for port opening), -03P, -04S, -05S, and -06P, were built between 1987 and 1991 and were built by Newport News Shipbuilding. The shelters are maintained by a combined effort of Navy Divers stationed on the teams and workers of the maintenance company Oceaneering. They have expected useful lives of about 40 years each.
DDS-Capable Submarines[edit | edit source]
- United States Naval Forces-
- USS Sam Houston (SSBN-609) †‡
- USS John Marshall (SSBN-611) †‡
- USS Kamehameha (SSBN-642) †‡
- USS James K. Polk (SSBN-645) †‡
- USS Archerfish (SSN-678) ‡
- USS Silversides (SSN-679) ‡
- USS William H. Bates (SSN-680) ‡
- USS Tunny (SSN-682) ‡
- USS Cavalla (SSN-684) ‡
- USS L. Mendel Rivers (SSN-686) ‡
- USS Los Angeles (SSN-688) ‡
- USS Philadelphia (SSN-690) ‡
- USS Dallas (SSN-700)
- USS La Jolla (SSN-701)
- USS Buffalo (SSN-715)
- USS Ohio (SSGN-726) †
- USS Michigan (SSGN-727) †
- USS Florida (SSGN-728) †
- USS Georgia (SSGN-729) †
- USS Jimmy Carter (SSN-23)
- USS Virginia (SSN-774)
- British Naval Forces-
Astute class submarines-
- HMS Astute (S119)- in service
- HMS Ambush (S120)- not yet in service
- HMS Artful (S121)- not yet commissioned
- HMS Audacious (S122)- building
- HMS Agamemnon S123- building
- HMS Anson S124- building
- HMS Ajax S125-building
† can carry two DDSs
‡ no longer in service
References[edit | edit source]
- Lillo, RS; Porter, WR; Caldwell, JM (2001). "Development of Oxygen Monitoring Capability for the Existing Hyperbaric Carbon Dioxide Analyzer Used in Dry Deck Shelter Operations". http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/3583. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
- Butler, Jr FK, Smith DJ (eds). (1997). "Tactical Management of Diving Casualties in Special Operations. 46th Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Workshop.". http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/4512. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
- "Dry Deck Shelter". GlobalSecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ship/dds.htm.
- Naval Special Warfare Command. "HQ and Components". https://www.navsoc.navy.mil/components.htm#cnswg3.
- "Los Angeles-class Attack Submarine". U.S. Naval Institute. http://126.96.36.199/resources/LAclass/ssnlaclass.htm.
- Steve Southard. "Dry Deck Shelters—Deploying Special Operations Forces from Submarines". http://www.fas.org/man/dod-101/sys/ship/docs/990100-drydeck.htm.
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