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Duarte de Menezes
Governor Duarte de Menezes, in Ásia Portuguesa of Manuel de Faria e Sousa
Governor of Portuguese India

In office
Monarch John III of Portugal
Preceded by Diogo Lopes de Sequeira
Succeeded by Vasco da Gama
Personal details
Born Before 1488
Kingdom of Portugal
Died After 1539
Lisbon, Kingdom of Portugal
Nationality Portuguese
Spouse(s) Filipa de Noronha
Children João de Meneses
Pedro de Meneses
Fernando de Menezes
Joana de Menezes
Inácia de Menezes
Brites de Menezes
Military service
Allegiance Portuguese Empire
Battles/wars Moroccan-Portuguese conflicts

Dom Duarte de Menezes (before 1488 - after 1539), was a 16th-century Portuguese nobleman and colonial officer, governor of Tangier from 1508 to 1521 and 1536 to 1539 and governor of Portuguese India from 1522 to 1524.

Background[edit | edit source]

D. Duarte de Menezes was the eldest son of the powerful noble D. João de Meneses, 1st Count of Tarouca and Prior of Crato, and his wife D. Joana de Vilhena. He was named after his renowned grandfather, Duarte de Menezes, 3rd Count of Viana, captain of Alcácer-Ceguer.

Tangier[edit | edit source]

In 1508, Duarte de Menezes succeeded his father as Portuguese captain of Tangier, a function he had already been effectively performing in his father's name since 1507.[1] He carved out a reputation as a military leader in numerous engagements around Tangier.[1]

India[edit | edit source]

In 1521, D. Duarte de Menezes was named by King Manuel I of Portugal as the next governor of Portuguese India, succeeding Diogo Lopes de Sequeira. Duarte de Menezes left Lisbon in April, 1521, with an armada of 11 carracks destined for India. He was accompanied by his brother D. Luís de Menezes, who captained one of the ships. On the outgoing leg, Menezes's armada was joined by a squadron of four ships, commanded by Martim Afonso de Mello, destined for China.[2] Menezes's armada arrived in Goa at the end of August, 1521. He assumed office in early 1522, upon the departure of his predecessor.

D. Duarte de Menezes tenure as governor was considered disastrous. Accused of corruption, he was arrested by his successor, Vasco da Gama, in 1525, and sent back to Portugal in chains.[1] He was imprisoned for nearly seven years in the castle of Torres Vedras, before being finally released by the intercession of powerful friends.[1]

Tangier again[edit | edit source]

The rehabilitation of Duarte de Menezes was sufficiently complete that in October 1536, he managed to be appointed to his old post as governor of Tangier. He held that post until January, 1539, when he handed over the government to his son, D. João de Meneses.

Duarte de Menezes lived out the remainder of his days in Portugal.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 S. Subrahmanyam (1997) The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  2. Quintella, p.361-62
  • História de Tânger durante la dominacion portuguesa, by D. Fernando de Menezes, conde de la Ericeira, etc. traduccion del R. P. Buanaventura Diaz, O.F.M., Misionero del Vicariato apostólico de Marruecos. Lisboa Occidental. Imprenta Ferreiriana. 1732.
  • Ignacio da Costa Quintella (1839) Annaes da Marinha Portugueza, Vol. 1, Lisbon: Academia Real das Sciencias.

External links[edit | edit source]

Preceded by
Diogo Lopes de Sequeira
Governor of Portuguese India
1522 - 1524
Succeeded by
Vasco da Gama

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