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Dutch ship Batavier
Batavier.png
The Batavier (E) during the Battle of Dogger Bank on 5 August 1781.
Career (Dutch Republic) Dutch Navy Ensign
Name: Batavier
Launched: 1779
Commissioned: 1780
Career (Batavian Republic) Batavian Navy Ensign
Name: Batavier
Captured: By the Royal Navy in 1799
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Acquired: 1799
Commissioned: 1799
Out of service: 1823
Reclassified: Floating battery after 1801
Hospital ship between 1809 and 1817
Prison ship between 1817 and 1823
Fate: Broken up in 1823
General characteristics
Class & type: 56-gun third rate
ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1,047 8794 (bm)
Length: 144 ft 7 in (44.1 m) (gundeck)
118 ft 7 in (36.1 m) (keel)
Beam: 40 ft 10 in (12.4 m)
Depth of hold: 16 ft 5 in (5.0 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:

As originally built
Lower gundeck: 22 × 24-pounder guns
Upper gundeck: 24 × 12-pounder guns
Quarterdeck and forecastle: 8 × 6-pounder guns
After rearmament
20 × 24-pounder guns
20 × 18-pounder guns
Subsequently added
Quarterdeck: 6 × 6-pounder guns

Forecastle: 2 × 6-pounder guns

The Batavier was a Dutch 56-gun fourth rate ship of the line of the navy of the Dutch Republic, the Batavian Republic, and the Royal Navy.

Dutch career and capture[edit | edit source]

The order to construct the ship was given by the Admiralty of Amsterdam. The ship was commissioned in 1780.[1] On 5 August 1781, the Batavier took part in the Battle of Dogger Bank under Captain Wolter Jan Gerrit Bentinck. The Batavier sailed in the middle of the Dutch line, between the ships Admiraal de Ruyter and Argo. She was attacked by three British ships, and became unmanageable after a fire broke out. Neither the British nor the Dutch were victorious in the battle, and afterwards the Batavier was towed to Texel. Bentinck later died wounds he received in the battle.[2]

In 1795, the ship was commissioned in the Batavian Navy.

On 11 October 1797 the Batavier took part in the Battle of Camperdown under Captain Jan Jacob Souter. Early in the battle, the ship was under heavy fire, but soon she drifted off, and she eventually left the scene and fled to Texel.[3]

On 30 August 1799 the ship was surrendered to the British fleet under Vice-Admiral Andrew Mitchell during the Vlieter Incident, even though the Batavier was the only ship of the Dutch fleet where no mutiny had broken out.[4]

Royal Navy career[edit | edit source]

The Batavier was sailed to Britain and underwent refitting at Chatham Dockyard between 14 July 1800 and 15 July 1801 for use as a floating battery. She was officially established in February 1801. She was commissioned in June 1801 under Captain William Robert Broughton for service in the English Channel. Broughton was succeeded in April 1803 by Captain Patrick Tonyn, and in August 1804 she was laid up at Chatham. She was moved to Woolwich Dockyard in April 1809, where she functioned as a hospital ship under the command of Lieutenant Thomas Dorsett Birchall. This service lasted until January 1817, after which she was moved to Blackwall to receive distressed seamen. Her final service was to be fitted out at Woolwich as a prison ship. She was based at Sheerness from September 1817, and was finally broken up there in March 1823.[5][6]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Noordhollandsche Courant, 05-07-1780, via: http://resolver.kb.nl/resolve?urn=ddd:010721496:mpeg21:a0003
  2. http://www.regiocanons.nl/overijssel/salland/raalte/bentinck-
  3. Martinus Stuart. Jaarboeken van het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, deel 2 (Amsterdam: E. Maaskamp, 1797), 1373.
  4. L.C. Vonk. Geschiedenis van de landing van het Engelss-Russische leger in Noord-Holland (Haarlem: Francois Bohn, 1801), 58.
  5. Winfield. British Warships of the Age of Sail 1793–1817. p. 269. 
  6. http://www.sailingnavies.com/show_ship.php?nid=1&id=5037

References[edit | edit source]

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