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The E120 biological bomblet

The E120 bomblet was a biological cluster bomb sub-munition developed to disseminate a liquid biological agent. The E120 was developed by the United States in the early 1960s.

History[edit | edit source]

The E120 bomblet was one of several biological weapons that were developed before the United States abandoned its offensive biological warfare program in 1969-1970.[1] The E120 was developed in the early 1960s.[2] The Schu S-4 strain of the tularemia bacteria was standardized as Agent UL for use in the E120 bomblet.[3]

Specifications[edit | edit source]

The E120 was a spherical bomblet with a diameter of 11.4 centimeters.[2] It was designed to hold 0.1 kilograms of liquid biological agent. Much like the M139 bomblet, the E120 had exterior "vanes". However, the vanes' function on the E120 was to cause the bomblet to rotate as it fell, thus shattering and rolling around upon impact while spraying the agent from a nozzle.[2]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Eitzen, Edward M. Medical Aspects of Chemical and Biological Warfare: Chapter 20 - Use of Biological Weapons, (PDF: p. 6), Borden Institute, Textbooks of Military Medicine, PDF via Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base, accessed November 12, 2008.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Countermeasures, Chapter 6 - An Overview of Emerging Missile State Countermeasures, p. 14, accessed November 12, 2008.
  3. Pike, John E. "Tularemia" Globalsecurity.org, accessed November 12, 2008.


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