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Leonidas APCs of ELDYK
Type Armoured personnel carrier
Place of origin  Greece\ Austria
Service history
In service 1981–present
Production history
Produced Austria 1976
Greece 1981-today
Weight 14.8 t
Length 5.87 m
Width 2.50 m
Height 1.611 m
Crew 2 + 8 passengers

Armor welded steel
26-32mm front
15mm sides and rear
1 x 12.7 mm MG
1,500 rounds
1 x 7.62 mm MG3
Engine STEYR 7FA inline 6-cylinder water-cooled diesel
320 hp (745 kW) at 2,300 rpm
Power/weight 21.62 hp/t
Transmission ZF Synchronized, 6 gears forward and 1 reverse.
Suspension torsion bar
Ground clearance vertical obstacle: 0.8 m
trench: 2.1 m
520 km
Speed 70 km/h

The Leonidas-2 represented an effort made by the Greek vehicle manufacturer ELBO to produce an advanced armoured personnel carrier of its own. It is named after Leonidas, the king of the ancient city-state of Sparta. The first version of the Leonidas was the Austrian Saurer 4K 4FA Armored Personnel Carrier built with minor modifications by the Greek company from 1981 until 1987 (when it was still called Steyr Hellas S.A.). Initial production was essentially assembly, however Greek content progressively increased. The APC had a 320 hp engine and a weight of 14.8 tons. The 'Leonidas-2' development involved extensive modification of the previous model, done by ELBO itself in 1987 with the aim to essentially develop it as an Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle (AIFV). The new version had a weight of 18.8 tons and it used a 450 hp engine; maximum speed was 70 km/h. The construction of the turret became a matter of debates involving interested companies (three versions with different types of turrets were proposed, while there were "demands" that the turret should constructed by EBO), but the vehicle was finally produced without turret. About 700 were produced, including a number exported to Cyprus. Plans to develop further the vehicle as 'Leonidas-3' for different roles were abandoned in 2002, as the vehicle was considered outdated. ELBO continued efforts for a modern AIFV development, starting cooperation in 1988 with Steyr-Daimler-Puch of Austria on a joint development, but soon pulled out due to the high cost of the vehicle compared to the Greek Army specifications (Santa Barbara of Spain continued development with the Austrian company, resulting in the Ulan/ASCOD Pizarro AIFV). Eventually ELBO moved entirely on its own, developing a completely new Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle, introducing Kentaurus in 1998.

Leonidas production[edit | edit source]

The table below shows the production run based on the history of publicly known orders, as published in the press.[1] The total appears as 700 vehicles, yet the company ELBO in its internet site mentions a total production of "about 800 vehicles"[2]

Production history[3]
Year Origin of order Quantity Notes
1981 Greece 2 Leonidas 1 version.
2 prototypes delivered from Austria for testing
1981 Greece 100 Leonidas 1 version.
Delivered between 1982 and 1983, originally only assembled in Greece, progressively Greek participation increased (including manufacture of certain parts)
1986 Cyprus 56 Leonidas 2 version.
16 built in Austria, 40 in Greece.
1987 Greece 344 Leonidas 2 version.
Built in Greece.
1993 Cyprus 76 Leonidas 2 version.
Built in Greece.
1995 Cyprus 65 Leonidas 2 version.
Built in Greece.
1998 Greece 57 Leonidas 2 version.
Built in Greece.
2001 Republic of Macedonia (donation from Greece) 10 Leonidas 2 version with new automatic transmission.
Built in Greece.
Total 700 503 vehicles delivered to Greece.
197 vehicles delivered to Cyprus.

See also[edit | edit source]

ELBO Kentaurus
Saurer 4K 4FA

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. "ΤΟΜΠ Λεωνίδας Ι/ΙΙ" in "Ελληνική Άμυνα & Ασφάλεια" journal, issue 27, May 2008 (Greek)
  2. http://www.elvo.gr/el/content/%CE%A4%CE%B5%CE%B8%CF%89%CF%81%CE%B1%CE%BA%CE%B9%CF%83%CE%BC%CE%AD%CE%BD%CE%B1.44/
  3. "ΤΟΜΠ Λεωνίδας Ι/ΙΙ" in "Ελληνική Άμυνα & Ασφάλεια" journal, issue 27, May 2008 (Greek)

External links[edit | edit source]

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