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Eagle Farm Airport (disused)
IATA: none – ICAO: none
Summary
Airport type Military/Public
Location Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Built expanded in 1942
In use 1942–1946
Coordinates 27°25′30″S 153°05′03″E / 27.425°S 153.08417°E / -27.425; 153.08417Coordinates: 27°25′30″S 153°05′03″E / 27.425°S 153.08417°E / -27.425; 153.08417
Map
Australia Queensland location map
Airplane silhouette.svg
Eagle Farm Airport
Location in Queensland

Eagle Farm Airport was a small airport located 6 km (3.7 mi) north-west of Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

HistoryEdit

An area located near Eagle Farm Racecourse was initially used as a landing field in 1922 and Eagle Farm Aerodrome was officially opened in 1925. It was used for scheduled flights between Brisbane and Queensland regional centres by the Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited (Qantas), which operated from Eagle Farm in 1926 and formed the Brisbane Flying Training School there in 1927.

Sir Charles Kingsford Smith, Charles Ulm, Harry Lyon (navigator) and James Warner (radio operator) landed the Southern Cross at Eagle Farm on 9 June 1928 after its trans-Pacific flight from Oakland, California. About 16,000 people greeted the Southern Cross upon its landing.

The Australian National Airways (ANA) began an aerial service from Eagle Farm to Sydney, New South Wales in 1930. Eagle Farm was closed in 1931 after civil operations were relocated to Archerfield Airport.

Sir Charles Kingsford Smith and Gordon Taylor took off from Eagle Farm airport on 20 October 1934 in the Lady Southern Cross attempting the first eastward trans-Pacific flight from Australia to the United States of America.

World War IIEdit

The aerodrome was compulsorily acquired and taken over by the Royal Australian Air Force on 8 March 1940.

Eagle Farm was extended and reopened in January 1942, during World War II by the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF), due to the proximity to the Brisbane River. The aerodrome was used as a reassembly and test airfield for aircraft shipped from the United States.

A testing area was built at Eagle Farm to test Allison engines that had been assembled or overhauled at the GMH Allison Overhaul Assembly Plant at Albion, Queensland.

The Allied Technical Air Intelligence Unit (ATAIU) of the Allied Air Forces utilised Hangar No. 7 at Eagle Farm to test and to train in captured damaged Imperial Japanese aircraft.

Units based at Eagle Farm AerodromeEdit

Headquarters and the 70th Fighter Squadron sailed for Australia on 12 January 1942. Three days later all the combat squadrons were relieved and three others, still in the US, were assigned. Headquarters reached Australia in February 1942 and moved on to India.
  • 3d Airdrome Squadron, 1942
  • 81st Depot Repair Squadron, August 1942
  • 93d Depot Repair Squadron
  • 15th Weather Squadron, 1944
  • 126th Signal Radio Intelligence Company (US Army), 23 March 1943 – July 1944
  • 28th Photographic Reconnaissance Squadron, 1 February 1943 – 31 March 1944

Post warEdit

After World War II, Ansett ANA and Trans Australia Airlines moved their operations to Eagle Farm.

By the 1970s it was clear that the facilities at Eagle Farm were inadequate for a city of Brisbane's size and anticipated growth. The Federal Government announced the construction of a new airport to be built north of Eagle Farm. The new airport was built by Leighton Holdings and Brisbane Airport opened in 1988.

Aircraft crashesEdit

A number of aircraft crashed at Eagles Farm during World War II.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

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