|Edmund Bower Sebree|
|Born||January 7, 1898|
|Died||June 25, 1966(aged 68)|
|Place of birth||Olney, Illinois|
|Place of death||Fort Ord, California|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Years of service||1917 - 1957|
23rd Infantry Division|
5th Armored Division
7th Infantry Division
Distinguished Service Medal (2)|
Legion of Merit
Silver Star (2)
Early life[edit | edit source]
Edmund Bower Sebree was born on January 7, 1898 in the city of Olney, Illinois as a son of Milton Eddy and Catella Sebree. He attended a Cornell University in New York and after one year, Sebree was transferred to the United States Military Academy at West Point. He was commissioned as infantry Second Lieutenant on November 1, 1918.
His first assignment was with American Expeditionary Forces during occupation duties in Weimar Germany in 1919. After return back from the Europe, Sebree attended a training course at United States Army Infantry School at Fort Benning and then, in 1920, Sebree was assigned to the 3rd Infantry Regiment at Chilkoot Barracks, Alaska, where he spent next three years.
Following a service between years 1923 - 1928 with 21st Infantry Regiment at Vancouver Barracks, Washington and with 31st Infantry Regiment at Manila, Philippine Islands, Sebree was appointed a professor of military science and tactics at Western Military Academy in Alton, Illinois.
After four years at Western Military Academy, Sebree was transferred back to the Philippine Islands, where he was assigned to the 45th Infantry Regiment. In 1936, newly promoted Captain Sebree was ordered back to States, where he attended a special officers course at Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. After completion of course, Captain Sebree was appointed an Aide to Major general Herbert J. Brees, commander of VIII Corps at Fort Sam Houston, Texas.
Sebree spent over three years in that capacity and in 1940, he was transferred to the staff of the 9th Infantry Division under command of Major General Jacob L. Devers. But Sebree spent there only few months and was subsequently transferred to the personnel division of the War Department General Staff.
Second World War[edit | edit source]
During the strategically significant Guadalcanal Campaign in 1942, Sebree was assigned to the Americal Division under command of Major general Alexander M. Patch, as its Assistant Division Commander. Brigadier general Sebree assumed command of entire Americal Division at the beginning of the January, 1943, when Major general Patch was appointed a commander of the XIV Corps.
Briefly commanded the Americal Division units engaged with Japanese forces for control of the island. Following the Guadalcanal Campaign, General Sebree was returned to the U.S. to train and deploy with the 35th Infantry Division, serving as its Assistant Division Commander. During the Lorraine Campaign, Sebree led an independent task force of infantry and armored units with artillery and supporting arms in the liberation of Nancy. After the war, he served as the first Defense Attache to Australia. He was also the commander of TRUST (TRieste United States Troops) in the Free Territory of Trieste.
Decorations[edit | edit source]
Ribbon bar with the list of Major general Edmund B. Sebree´s decorations:
|1st Row||Army Distinguished Service Medal w/ Oak Leaf Cluster||Silver Star w/ Oak Leaf Cluster|
|2nd Row||Legion of Merit||Bronze Star||Purple Heart||World War I Victory Medal|
|3rd Row||Army of Occupation of Germany Medal||American Defense Service Medal||American Campaign Medal||Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal w/ one service star|
|4th Row||European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal w/ three service stars||World War II Victory Medal||Army of Occupation Medal w/ Germany Clasp||National Defense Service Medal|
|5th Row||Korean Service Medal||United Nations Korea Medal||Officer of the Legion of Honour||Belgian Croix de guerre with Palm|
References[edit | edit source]
Books[edit | edit source]
- Frank, Richard (1990). Guadalcanal: The Definitive Account of the Landmark Battle. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-394-58875-4.
- Griffith, Samuel B. (1963). The Battle for Guadalcanal. Champaign, Illinois, USA: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-06891-2.
- Hammel, Eric (2007). Guadalcanal: The U.S. Marines in World War II. St. Paul, Minnesota, USA: Zenith Press. ISBN 0-7603-3148-0.
- Jersey, Stanley Coleman (2008). Hell's Islands: The Untold Story of Guadalcanal. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 1-58544-616-5.
- Morison, Samuel Eliot (1958). The Struggle for Guadalcanal, August 1942 – February 1943, vol. 5 of History of United States Naval Operations in World War II. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-58305-7.
Web[edit | edit source]
- Ammentorp, Steen (2007). "Sebree, Edmund Bower, Major-General". The Generals of WWII. http://www.generals.dk/general/Sebree/Edmund_Bower/USA.html. Retrieved 2008-02-02.
- Hough, Frank O.; Ludwig, Verle E., and Shaw, Henry I., Jr.. "Pearl Harbor to Guadalcanal". History of U.S. Marine Corps Operations in World War II. http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USMC/I/index.html. Retrieved 2006-05-16.
- Miller, John Jr. (1995) . Guadalcanal: The First Offensive. United States Army Center of Military History. CMH Pub 5-3. http://www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/GuadC/GC-fm.htm. Retrieved 2006-07-04.
- Shaw, Henry I. (1992). "First Offensive: The Marine Campaign For Guadalcanal". Marines in World War II Commemorative Series. http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USMC/USMC-C-Guadalcanal/index.html. Retrieved 2006-07-25.
- Zimmerman, John L. (1949). "The Guadalcanal Campaign". Marines in World War II Historical Monograph. http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USMC/USMC-M-Guadalcanal.html. Retrieved 2006-07-04.
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