|Edward H. Martin|
|Born||September 30, 1931(age 89)|
|Place of birth||Savannah, Georgia, U.S.|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1954–1989|
Edward Holmes Martin (born September 30, 1931) was a vice admiral in the United States Navy. Martin attended the United States Naval Academy, graduating in the class of 1954. He is also an alumnus of George Washington University, the Naval War College, and the National War College. During the Vietnam War, Martin was shot down during a mission and was kept as a prisoner of war in Hanoi for close to six years.
Martin is a former Chief of Naval Air Training and Commander of Carrier Group FOUR, Carrier Group TWO, Task Force SIXTY, and of the United States Sixth Fleet. He also served as Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Air Warfare. After his stint as Deputy CNO, he was appointed as United States Commander, Eastern Atlantic and the Deputy Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Naval Forces Europe. He retired in 1989. In retirement he worked in Europe for Xerox Corporation, and in California as a private investor. He is married and has three adult children.
Background[edit | edit source]
Martin was born in Savannah, Georgia on September 30, 1931. He attended public school and Armstrong College as well as the University of Georgia Off-Campus Division. In 1950 he entered the U.S. Naval Academy from where he graduated in 1954. Following his graduation from Annapolis, Martin entered flight training in Pensacola, Florida and later in Kingsville, Texas. From the fall of 1955 until 1959 he served in various carrier based squadrons operating out of San Diego, California. From 1959 until 1962, Martin was an instructor in the light jet Attack Replacement Squadron. In July 1964 he attended the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. He also holds a Master's Degree in International Affairs. In July 1965, he reported to Attack Squadron Thirty-Four in Jacksonville, Florida where he served as Operations Officer and Executive Officer.
Prisoner of war[edit | edit source]
On July 9, 1967, Martin was leading a flight of A4 Skyhawks from the carrier Intrepid, when he encountered numerous surface-to-air missiles near southeast Hanoi. His aircraft was hit and burst into flames. After ejecting safely from the plane, Martin was captured upon landing. During his captivity, both of Martin's shoulders were broken during rope torture and he was confined in both leg and wrist irons. He spent a lot of time in solitary confinement and was subjected to beatings. For the next five years and eight months Martin was held captive in the Hanoi area, until his release on March 4, 1973.
Awards and medals[edit | edit source]
His awards include:
- Distinguished Service Medal (2)
- Silver Star
- Defense Superior Service Medal
- Legion of Merit (2)
- Distinguished Flying Cross
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- Bronze Star (2)
- Purple Heart (2)
- L'Ordre du Merite (France's second highest award)
References[edit | edit source]
- "Vice Admiral Edward H. Martin U.S. Navy (Retired)". Rotary 5280. http://www.rotary5280.org/conference/ed_martin.htm.
- "Martin, Edward Holmes". P.O.W. Network. http://www.pownetwork.org/bios/m/m098.htm. "Compiled by P.O.W. Network, March 1997, from one or more of the following: raw data from U.S. Government agency sources, correspondence with POW/MIA families, published sources and interviews."
- "Edward Holmes Martin". Military Times. http://projects.militarytimes.com/citations-medals-awards/recipient.php?recipientid=23673.
[edit | edit source]
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