|Elda Neyis Mosquera García|
"Nelly Ávila Moreno"
"Janet Mosquera Rentería"
|Born||1963-08-15 (age 57)|
|Allegiance||Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia|
|Years of service||1984-2008|
|Commands held||47th Front|
|Battles/wars||Colombian armed conflict (1964–present)|
Elda Neyis Mosquera García (nom de guerre Karina aka Nelly Ávila Moreno) is the former commander of the 47th Front of FARC-EP, a communist rebel group in Colombia. She surrendered to the Colombian Military on May 18, 2008. She was subsequently tried in court and found guilty of massacres, kidnapping, murder, among others, and sentenced to 33 years in jail, but on March 6, 2009 it was announced that she was to be released from prison to serve as "promoter of peace," and to serve as an example to other rebels to entice them to surrender.
Moreno was a member of FARC for 24 years prior to her surrender. At a news conference in Medellín, Moreno said she surrendered because of increasing Colombian army pressure, the deterioration of rebel forces and her fear she might be killed by her own troops for the $900,000 bounty on her head, in the wake of a previous FARC commander (Iván Ríos) having been murdered by his own bodyguards.
References[edit | edit source]
- "FARC commander gives up, calls for dialogue". CNN. May 19, 2008. http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/americas/05/19/farc.rebel.surrender/index.html.
- "Colombia releases ex-Farc rebels". BBC News. 2009-03-07. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7929783.stm. Retrieved 2009-03-07.
- McDermott, Jeremy (May 19, 2008). "Nelly Avila Moreno, FARC's 'Karina', captured by Colombian forces in war on drugs". London: The Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/1989610/Nelly-Avila-Moreno,-FARC%27s-%27Karina%27,-captured-by-Colombian-forces-in-war-on-drugs.html. Retrieved May 1, 2010.
- "FARC commander surrenders in Colombia". Los Angeles Times. May 20, 2008. http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-rebel20-2008may20,0,4227749.story.
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