Early life[edit | edit source]
Born in Gomel in the Mogilev Governorate of the Russian Empire (present-day Belarus), Elye Falkovitsh lived there until age 19. In 1917 and 1918, he was the headmaster of a Jewish school in Sarapul. Afterwards, he temporarily moved to Kiev, where he was the director of a children's club in 1918 and 1919 before becoming a cultural worker for the Red Army in 1920 and 1921.
Mid-life[edit | edit source]
Studying at Moscow State University in 1921 and 1922, Elye Falkovitsh later worked for the Commissariat of Enlightenment. Afterwards, Elye Falkovitsh worked as a lecturer on Yiddish linguistics at the Second Moscow State University (later known as the Moscow Teachers' Training Institute) and at the Communist University of the National Minorities of the West. Elye Falkovitsh, together with Ayzik Zaretski, was central in molding the standards of Soviet Yiddish in regards to lexicon, grammar, style, and orthography . After advocating the study of the Pentateuch and the works of Hayim Nahman Bialik and Sholem Asch, Falkovitsh temporarily lost his positions in 1937.
Later life[edit | edit source]
Elye Falkovitsh volunteered to join the Red Army and worked as a medical orderly during World War II, saving the lives of 88 wounded people in one battle and thus receiving the Order of Lenin. After the war, Elye Falkovitsh was editor in chief of the Moscow Yiddish Publishing House Emes until it was liquidated in 1948. Starting from 1961, Falkovitsh helped shape a revised Yiddish orthography. In addition, Elye Falkovitsh also published two grammatical sketches of Yiddish, one in a monograph on Soviet national languages (1966) and the other (posthumously) as an appendix to a Russian-Yiddish dictionary (1984). Elye Falkovitsh died in 1979 at age 80 or 81.
References[edit | edit source]
- "YIVO | Falkovitsh, Elye". Yivoencyclopedia.org. http://www.yivoencyclopedia.org/article.aspx/Falkovitsh_Elye. Retrieved 2016-05-01.
- "Archive of Eliyahu Falkovitsh – Author and Yiddish Linguist – Russia | Kedem Auction LTD". Kedem-auctions.com. https://www.kedem-auctions.com/content/archive-eliyahu-falkovitsh-%E2%80%93-author-and-yiddish-linguist-%E2%80%93-russia. Retrieved 2016-05-01.
- Nath, Holger (December 2009). "The Passive in Soviet Yiddish" (in English). Center for Language and Cognition Groningen. pp. 182–199. http://gagl.eldoc.ub.rug.nl/FILES/root/2009-49/2009-49-09/2009-49-09.pdf. Retrieved 2016-05-09.
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