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Prince Emanuele Filiberto
Prince of Asturias
Preceded by Prince Amedeo, 1st Duke
Succeeded by Prince Amedeo, 3rd Duke
Personal details
Born (1869-01-13)13 January 1869
Genoa
Died 4 July 1931(1931-07-04) (aged 62)
Turin
Spouse(s) Princess Hélène of Orléans (m. 1895)

Prince Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta (Spanish: Manuel Filiberto; 13 January 1869 – 4 July 1931) was an Italian general and member of the House of Savoy, as the son of Amadeo I, and was also a cousin of Victor Emmanuel III of Italy. Filiberto was also commander of the Italian Third Army during World War I, which earned him the title of the "Undefeated Duke". After the war he became a Marshal of Italy.

Biography[]

He was born in Genoa, the eldest son of Prince Amadeo of Savoy, Duke of Aosta (second son of King Vittorio Emanuele II) and his first wife Donna Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo della Cisterna. In 1870, Amadeo was elected King of Spain, but abdicated and returned to Italy in 1873. Amadeo died in 1890, and Emanuele Filiberto succeeded as Duke of Aosta.

He began his career in the Italian Army at Naples, in 1905, as commander. During World War I, he commanded the Italian Third Army, which gained the nickname of Armata invitta ("undefeated army"). Following the war he was promoted to the rank of Marshal of Italy by Benito Mussolini in 1926.

Prince Emanuele Filiberto died in 1931 at Turin; in accordance with his will, he was buried in the military cemetery of Redipuglia, together with thousands of soldiers of the Third Army.

Named after him were:

Family and children[]

He was married in 25 June 1895 to Princess Hélène of Orléans (1871–1951). She was a daughter of Prince Philippe of Orléans and the Infanta Maria Isabel of Spain.

They had two sons:

  • Amedeo, 3rd Duke of Aosta (21 October 1898 – 3 March 1942); married Princess Anne of Orléans.
  • Aimone, 4th Duke of Aosta, who briefly reigned as King Tomislav II of Croatia (9 March 1900 – 29 January 1948); married Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark.

Honours and awards[]

Ancestry[]

References[]

  • Encyclopædia Britannica (1950)
  • Hanson, Edward (2017). The Wandering Princess: Princess Helene of France, Duchess of Aosta (1871–1951). Fonthill. ISBN 978-1-78155-592-7. 

External links[]

Emanuele Filiberto, 2nd Duke of Aosta
House of Savoy
Born: 13 January 1869 Died: 4 July 1931
Spanish royalty
Vacant
Glorious Revolution
Title last held by
Alfonso (XII)
Prince of Asturias
1871–1873
Vacant
First Spanish Republic
Title next held by
Isabella
Italian nobility
New creation Duke of Apulia
1869–1890
Succeeded by
Amedeo
Preceded by
Amedeo
Duke of Aosta
1890–1931
Preceded by
Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo
Prince della Cisterna
1876–1931

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