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Entwicklungsring Süd (EWR) was a German consortium formed in 1959 to build a Mach 2 Vertical Take-Off Interceptor for the Luftwaffe.[1]


The consortium was formed in 1959 by the German aircraft companies Bölkow, Heinkel and Messerschmitt to develop a Mach 2 VTOL interceptor for the German Air Force.[1] In 1964 Heinkel left the consortium and the following year it was formed as a company Entwicklungsring Süd GmbH.[1] A VJ 101C prototype aircraft were built and flown in 1963 although it crashed in 1964 during a vertical take-off.[1] A modified second prototype flew in 1965 and it was planned to put an improved variant VJ 101D into production but the development was stopped.[1]


VJ 101C


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Orbis 1985, p. 1615
  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 

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