The consortium was formed in 1959 by the German aircraft companies Bölkow, Heinkel and Messerschmitt to develop a Mach 2 VTOL interceptor for the German Air Force. In 1964 Heinkel left the consortium and the following year it was formed as a company Entwicklungsring Süd GmbH. A VJ 101C prototype aircraft were built and flown in 1963 although it crashed in 1964 during a vertical take-off. A modified second prototype flew in 1965 and it was planned to put an improved variant VJ 101D into production but the development was stopped.
- Orbis 1985, p. 1615
- The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing.
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