The Equipment of the United States Army can be subdivided into: ammunition, weapons, vehicles and clothing.
Ammunition[edit | edit source]
- M9 pistol
- Heckler & Koch MP5 - used in night operations, close quarters battle, hostage rescue, and escort
- M1911 pistol – In limited service
- M249 Light Machine Gun
- M16 rifle - Virtually universally phased out in favor of the M4.
- M4 carbine
- M231 FPW
Weapons[edit | edit source]
The Weapons of the United States Army can be sorted into three categories: Personal weapons carried and used by one soldier, Support weapons used by teams of soldiers in support roles, and Vehicle-Mounted weapons mounted on Army vehicles. Some support weapons can be mounted on vehicles in addition to their primary ground roles.
- The M16A4, an assault rifle using STANAG magazines from 20 to 100 round capacities and firing at a maximum rate of 825 rounds per minute. All are to be replaced by M4A1s.
- The M4/M4A1, a carbine in the same family as the M16 and using identical magazines and with an identical rate of fire. All M4s are to be upgraded to M4A1s.
- The FN SCAR, an assault rifle being issued to elite units like the 75th Ranger Regiment that is scheduled to replace the M4 and M16 in special operations.
- The M231 FPW, a modified M16 for use in the firing ports of the M2 Bradley. It uses STANAG magazines and can fire at a rates over 1,000 rounds per minute.
- Designated Marksman Rifles
- Light Machine Guns
- Sniper Rifles
- Portable Grenade Launchers
- The M203 grenade launcher, a 40mm grenade launcher that can be attached under the barrel of a variety of rifles, including the M16 and M4. It cannot be used as a stand-alone weapon. Being replaced by M320.
- The M320 grenade launcher, a 40mm underbarrel grenade launcher replacing the M203. Can be a stand-alone weapon.
- Machine guns:
- The M60 machine gun, a belt-fed general purpose machine gun.
- The M240B/L Medium Machine Gun, a belt-fed machine gun that fires 7.62x51mm ammunition. It has three rate-of-fire settings: 750, 850, and 950 rounds per minute.
- The M2HB/M2A1 Heavy Machine Gun, a belt-fed machine gun that fires .50-caliber BMG ammunition. Its rate of fire maximizes at 575 rounds per minute, though aircraft-mounted versions can achieve over 1,200 rounds per minute.
- The MK 19 grenade machine gun, a belt-fed grenade-launching machine gun that fires 40mm grenades. Its cyclic rate of fire averages 400 rounds per minute, though its effective rate of fire is between 40 and 60 rounds per minute.
- The M224 mortar fires 60mm shells up to 3,780 yards (3,460 meters). It is typically distributed at the company level.
- The M252 mortar fires 81mm shells up to 6,490 yards (5,935 meters). It is typically distributed at the battalion level.
- The M120 mortar fires 120mm shells up to 7,920 yards (7,240 meters). It is primarily used by mechanized battalions, though it can be used to support light infantry operations.
- The M240, MK 19, and M2 machine guns can be mounted on vehicles, though not as a primary armament.
- The M134 Minigun, fires 7.62mm ammunition at 3,000 to 4,000 rpm.
- The M3P Machine Gun, an M2 variant with a higher rate of fire mounted on the Avenger Humvee and OH-58D Kiowa helicopter.
- The GAU-19, a rotary gun that fires .50 caliber ammunition. Mounted on Humvees and helicopters.
- The M230 Autocannon fires 30x113mm ammunition at a rate of 625 rounds per minute. It is mounted on the AH-64 Apache and UH-60 Black Hawk Direct Action Penetrator helicopters.
- The M242 Autocannon fires 25x137mm ammunition at a rate of 200 rounds per minute. It is one of the primary armaments of the Bradley Fighting Vehicle, and is one of a variety of anti-air and anti-surface naval armaments.
Systems[edit | edit source]
Vehicles[edit | edit source]
|Humvee||Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle||160,000|
|M939 Truck||Truck||32,000||To be replaced FMTV|
|Stryker||Armored personnel carrier||4,187|
|M113||Armored personnel carrier||13,943||6,700 active duty|
|M1 Abrams||Main battle tank||8,325||1,547 M1A2, 4,393 M1A1, 2,385 M1|
|M2 Bradley||Infantry fighting vehicle||6,452|
|M3 Bradley||Reconnaissance vehicle||1,200|
|M88 Hercules||Armored recovery vehicle||2,400||676 Active Duty|
|HIMARS||Multiple rocket launcher||340||.|
|M270||Multiple rocket launcher||990|
|Avenger||Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon||1,000|
Aircraft[edit | edit source]
The U.S. Army operates some fixed-wing aircraft and many helicopters.
Vessels[edit | edit source]
The Army still operates vessels of many types.
|Spearhead high speed logistics ship||Theater Support Vessel||1|
|General Frank S. Besson, Jr. class Logistics Support Vessel||Logistics Support Vessel||2||8|
|Stalwart class ocean surveillance ship||Ocean Surveillance Ship||1|
|Runnymede class large landing craft||Landing Craft Utility||35|
|MGen. Nathanael Greene class large coastal tugs||Large Tug||6|
Attire[edit | edit source]
|Army Combat Uniform (ACU)||Universal Camouflage Pattern
||The ACU uses a new military camouflage pattern called the Universal Camouflage Pattern (UCP), which blends green, tan, and gray to work effectively in desert, woodland, and urban environments. The color scheme of the Army Combat Uniform is composed of a slate gray, desert sand and foliage green pixel pattern, which becomes darker or lighter depending on exposure to sunlight.|
|Army Aircrew Combat Uniform (A2CU)||Universal Camouflage Pattern||A2CU replaces the Improved Aviation Battle Dress Uniform|
|Physical Fitness Uniform|
The standard garrison service uniform is known as "Army Greens" or "Class-As".The "Army Blue" uniform, is currently the Army's formal dress uniform, but in 2009, it will replace the Army Green and the Army White uniforms (a uniform similar to the Army Green uniform, but worn in tropical postings) and will become the new Army Service Uniform, which will function as both a garrison uniform (when worn with a white shirt and necktie) and a dress uniform (when worn with a white shirt and either a necktie for parades or a bow tie for "after six" or "black tie" events). The Patrol Cap is worn with the ACU for garrison duty; and the beret with the Army Service Uniform for non-ceremonial functions. The Army Blue Service Cap, is allowed for wear by any soldier ranked CPL or above at the discretion of the commander.
Body armor in all units is the Improved Outer Tactical Vest and the Interceptor Body Armor, which is now being supplemented with the lightweight Modular Body Armor Vest and Soldier Plate Carrier System. Head protection is provided by the Advanced Combat Helmet and the Modular Integrated Communications Helmet.
See also[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to United States Army equipment.|
- United States Air Force
- Equipment of the United States Armed Forces
- Equipment of the United States Navy
- Equipment of the United States Air Force
- Equipment of the United States Coast Guard
References[edit | edit source]
- M9 Pistol, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M9 9 mm Beretta Pistol". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m9.htm. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M16 Rifle, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike (22 December 2010). "M16 5.56mm Rifle". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m16.htm. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M4 Carbine, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike (21 December 2010). "M4 / M4A1 5.56mm Carbine". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m4.htm. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M249 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M249 Squad Automatic Weapon". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m249.htm. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M9 Bayonet, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- The Spirit Of The Bayonet Lives On - Strategypage.com, March 30, 2013
- M203 Grenade Launcher, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M203 40mm Grenade Launcher". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m203.htm. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M240 Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M240 7.62mm Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m240g.htm. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- John Pike (24 February 2011). "M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m2-50cal.htm. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- Mk193 Grenade Machine Gun, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike (13 January 2011). "Mk 19 Grenade Machine Gun". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/mk19.htm. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M224 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike (27 November 2005). "M224 60mm Lightweight Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m224.htm. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M252 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M252 81mm Medium Extended Range Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m252.htm. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- M120 Mortar, U.S. Army Fact Files.
- John Pike. "M120 120mm Mortar". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/m120.htm. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- John Pike. "M230 Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/aircraft/systems/m230.htm. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- John Pike (25 January 2006). "M242 Bushmaster 25mm Automatic Gun". Globalsecurity.org. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/aircraft/systems/m242.htm. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
- "Saint-Gobain Crystals delivers transparent armor for M142 HIMARS windshields and door windows.". November 8, 2013. http://www.armyrecognition.com/november_2013_defense_industry_military_news_uk/saint-gobain_crystals_delivers_transparent_armor_for_m142_himars_windshields_and_door_windows_081113.html.
- Aviation Week & Space Technology 2009, 26 JAN 2009 240. Web.28 Aug 2009. <http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/sourcebook/content.jsp?channelName=pro&story=xml/sourcebook_xml/2009/01/26/AW_01_26_2009_p0240-112924-158.xml&headline=World%20Military%20Aircraft%20Inventory%20-%20United+States>.
- "US To Acquire 177 CH-47 Chinook Helicopters And 99 V-22 Osprey Tilt-Rotor Aircraft". June 12, 2013. http://defenseupdates.blogspot.com/2013/06/us-to-acquire-177-ch-47-chinook.html.
- "Sikorsky Aircraft Delivers 100th New Production UH-60M BLACK HAWK Helicopter to U.S". 25 March 2009. http://www.reuters.com/article/pressRelease/idUS182954+25-Mar-2009+PRN20090325.
- hazegray.org – World Navies Today: US Army
- Lopez, C. (20 February 2010). "Soldiers to get new cammo pattern for wear in Afghanistan". US Army. US Army. http://www.army.mil/-news/2010/02/20/34738-soldiers-to-get-new-cammo-pattern-for-wear-in-afghanistan/?ref=news-home-title0. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
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