|Ernst von der Lancken|
|Birth name||Ernst Ferdinand von der Lancken|
|Born||24 August 1841|
|Died||18 May 1902(aged 60)|
|Place of birth||Malmö, Sweden|
|Place of death||Stockholm, Sweden|
|Buried at||Norra begravningsplatsen|
|Years of service||1860–1895|
|Commands held||Swedish Army Service Troops|
Ernst Ferdinand von der Lancken (24 August 1841 – 18 May 1902) was a Swedish Army major general. His senior commands includes the post as Inspector of the Swedish Army Service Troops (1889–1892) and Acting Chief of the General Staff (1892–1895).
von der Lancken was born in Malmö, Sweden, the son of lieutenant colonel Gustaf Ferdinand von der Lancken and his wife Katarina Benedikta (née Wulff). He was the brother of Deputy Governor of Stockholm (Underståthållare), Ehrenfried von der Lancken (1843–1919). He passed studentexamen in Lund in 1858 and graduated with an administrative degree (kansliexamen) in 1864. von der Lancken was commissioned into the South Scanian Infantry Regiment with the rank of underlöjtnant in 1860. He became a General Staff officer in 1866 and was promoted to lieutenant in the South Scanian Infantry Regiment in 1870. von der Lancken became captain in the General Staff in 1873 and in the South Scanian Infantry Regiment in 1878. He served as teacher of general staff service at the Royal Swedish Army Staff College from 1878 to 1884 and as chief of staff of the 4th Military District from 1879 to 1881.
von der Lancken was promoted to major in the Älvsborg Regiment in 1881, and became a lieutenant colonel there in 1884 and in the General Staff the same year. He then served as head of the Statistical Department of the General Staff from 1884 to 1892 and as Inspector of the Swedish Army Service Troops from 1889 to 1892. von der Lancken was promoted to colonel in the Swedish Army in 1891 and the General Staff in 1892. He then served as acting chief of the General Staff from 1892 to 1895. von der Lancken was promoted to major general in the army in 1894. As acting chief of the General Staff, von der Lancken drafted the proposal for improved army order, which, with few modifications, was adopted by the 1892 Riksdag and was adopted by the King in Council.
He was also the driving force of the 1881—83 Service Regulations Committee. He wrote a large number of annual reports, biographies, essays and - generally very sharp - critics in Krigsvetenskapsakademiens handlingar och tidskrift, and also translated and provided comments to the Russian military author Genrich Leer's work Positive Strategy (1874).
von der Lancken never married. It said "Faithful and noble" in his obituary, signed by the deceased's brother, Ehrenfried von der Lancken. He died on 18 May 1902 in Hedvig Eleonora parish in Stockholm. He was buried at Norra begravningsplatsen in Stockholm.
Dates of rank
- 1858 – Furir
- 1860 – Underlöjtnant
- 1866 – Lieutenant
- 1870 – Second Lieutenant
- 1873 – First Lieutenant
- 1873 – Captain
- 1881 – Major
- 1884 – Lieutenant Colonel
- 1890 – Colonel
- 1896 – Major General
Awards and decorations
- Commander First Class of the Order of the Sword
- Knight of the Order of the Polar Star
- Knight of the Order of St. Olav
- Broomé, Bertil (1977-1979). "Ernst F Lancken, von der" (in Swedish). Svenskt biografiskt lexikon. 22. National Archives of Sweden. p. 224. https://sok.riksarkivet.se/sbl/Presentation.aspx?id=10974&forceOrdinarySite=true.
- (in Swedish) Svenskt porträttgalleri: Sällskapet Idun 1862-1903. 23 (New, increased ed.). Stockholm: Tullberg. 1903. p. 105. 384714. http://runeberg.org/spg/23/0113.html.
- (in Swedish) Nordisk familjebok: konversationslexikon och realencyklopedi. 37 (New, rev. and rich illusion. ed.). Stockholm: Nordisk familjeboks förl.. 1925. p. 27. 8072220. http://runeberg.org/nfcq/0030.html.
- "GENERALMAJOREN E. F. VON DER LANCKEN" (in sv). Gothenburg: D. F. Bonniers boktryckeri A.-B.. 1 June 1902. pp. 555–556. 786775. http://runeberg.org/hvar8dag/3/3509.html.
- "von Der Lancken, ERNST F." (in Swedish). https://www.svenskagravar.se/gravsatt/45632041.
- Article at Svenskt biografiskt lexikon
Emil Adolf Malmborg
|Inspector of the Swedish Army Service Troops
Gustaf Anton Bråkenhielm
as Acting Chief of the General Staff
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