Background and education[edit | edit source]
Born in Athens, Nicolson was the second son of Arthur Nicolson, 1st Baron Carnock, at that time chargé d'affaires at the British legation. His mother was Mary Catharine, the daughter of Archibald Rowan-Hamilton, a soldier in the 5th Dragoon Guards. In 1952, Nicolson succeeded his older brother Frederick as baron, who had inherited their father's titles in 1928. A third brother was the author Harold Nicolson.
Military career[edit | edit source]
Nicolson entered the Royal Navy and was educated at the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, called HMS Britannia. In 1912, he was awarded an Officer of the Order of the Crown of Italy for his participation in the British rescue mission after the 1908 Messina earthquake. He went to the Royal Naval Staff College in 1913 and afterwards became a war staff officer in a light cruiser squadron, fighting in the First World War. For his services in France, Nicolson was appointed a Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur in 1916.
After the war he was decorated with the Distinguished Service Order in 1919 and received also the Order of St Anne of Russia. He retired as a commander in 1924 and was nominated a Justice of the Peace for the county of Devon.
Family[edit | edit source]
On 9 October 1919, Nicolson married Katharine Frederica Albertha, eldest daughter of Henry Lopes, 1st Baron Roborough. They had three children, one daughter and two sons. His wife died in 1968 and Nicolson survived her until 1982. He was succeeded in the barony by his older son David.
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Burke (2001), p. 1109
- Who's Who (1963), p. 492
- "No. 28599". 16 April 1912. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/28599/page/
- "No. 29751". 15 September 1916. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/29751/page/
- "No. 31413". 20 June 1919. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/31413/page/
- "No. 32965". 15 August 1924. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/32965/page/
- Dod (1982), p. 47
- Burke (2001), p. 1108
References[edit | edit source]
- Who's Who 1963. London: Adam & Charles Black Ltd.. 1963.
- Charles Roger Dod and Robert Phipps Dod (1982). J. Berwick Smith. ed. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. Dod's Parliamentary Companion Ltd.. ISBN 0-905702-07-7.
- Burke, John (2001). Peter de Vere Beauclerk-Dewar. ed. Burke's Landed Gentry of Great Britain. Wilmington, Delaware: Burke's Peerage and Gentry Llc.. ISBN 0-9711966-0-5.
[edit | edit source]
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Erskine Nicolson, 3rd Baron Carnock
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