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Erskine Arthur Nicolson, 3rd Baron Carnock DSO, JP (26 March 1884 – 2 October 1982),[1] styled The Honourable from 1916 until 1952, was a British peer and sailor.

Background and education[edit | edit source]

Born in Athens, Nicolson was the second son of Arthur Nicolson, 1st Baron Carnock, at that time chargé d'affaires at the British legation.[1] His mother was Mary Catharine, the daughter of Archibald Rowan-Hamilton, a soldier in the 5th Dragoon Guards.[1] In 1952, Nicolson succeeded his older brother Frederick as baron, who had inherited their father's titles in 1928.[1] A third brother was the author Harold Nicolson.[1]

Military career[edit | edit source]

Nicolson entered the Royal Navy and was educated at the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, called HMS Britannia.[2] In 1912, he was awarded an Officer of the Order of the Crown of Italy for his participation in the British rescue mission after the 1908 Messina earthquake.[3] He went to the Royal Naval Staff College in 1913 and afterwards became a war staff officer in a light cruiser squadron, fighting in the First World War.[2] For his services in France, Nicolson was appointed a Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur in 1916.[4]

After the war he was decorated with the Distinguished Service Order in 1919[5] and received also the Order of St Anne of Russia.[2] He retired as a commander in 1924[6] and was nominated a Justice of the Peace for the county of Devon.[2]

Family[edit | edit source]

On 9 October 1919, Nicolson married Katharine Frederica Albertha, eldest daughter of Henry Lopes, 1st Baron Roborough.[7] They had three children, one daughter and two sons.[7] His wife died in 1968 and Nicolson survived her until 1982.[8] He was succeeded in the barony by his older son David.[8]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Burke (2001), p. 1109
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Who's Who (1963), p. 492
  3. "No. 28599". 16 April 1912. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/28599/page/ 
  4. "No. 29751". 15 September 1916. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/29751/page/ 
  5. "No. 31413". 20 June 1919. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/31413/page/ 
  6. "No. 32965". 15 August 1924. https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/32965/page/ 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Dod (1982), p. 47
  8. 8.0 8.1 Burke (2001), p. 1108

References[edit | edit source]

  • Who's Who 1963. London: Adam & Charles Black Ltd.. 1963. 
  • Charles Roger Dod and Robert Phipps Dod (1982). J. Berwick Smith. ed. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. Dod's Parliamentary Companion Ltd.. ISBN 0-905702-07-7. 
  • Burke, John (2001). Peter de Vere Beauclerk-Dewar. ed. Burke's Landed Gentry of Great Britain. Wilmington, Delaware: Burke's Peerage and Gentry Llc.. ISBN 0-9711966-0-5. 

External links[edit | edit source]

Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Frederick Nicolson
Baron Carnock
1952–1982
Succeeded by
David Nicolson

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