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Erwin Jaenecke
Born 22 April 1890
Died 3 July 1960 (1960-07-04) (aged 70)
Place of birth Freren
Place of death Köln
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany (to 1945)
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1911-1945
Rank Generaloberst
Commands held Deutsche 17. Armee
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Order of Michael the Brave

Erwin Jaenecke (22 April 1890 – 3 July 1960), was a German Colonel General. He served during World War II against Poland, France and the Soviet Union. Erwin Jaenecke fought in the First World War and started the Second World War as Oberquartiermeister with the 8th Armee in Poland. Later he served in Belgium and France.

On the Eastern Front, he served as commander of the 389th infantry Division and later the IV. Armeekorps. He was wounded at the Battle of Stalingrad and flown out as one of the last higher officers.
In April 1943 he commanded the LXXXII. Armeekorps, and from 25 June the 17th Army in the Caucasus and later the Crimean Peninsula.
In a 29 April 1944 meeting with Adolf Hitler in Berchtesgaden, Jaenecke insisted that Sevastopol should be evacuated and his cut off Army of 235.000 men withdrawn. He was relieved of his command afterward.

He was held responsible for the loss of the Crimea, arrested in Romania and court-martialed. Heinz Guderian was appointed as a special investigator in the case. Guderian proceeded slowly and eventually Jaenecke was quietly acquitted in June 1944. Jaenecke was dismissed from the army on 31 January 1945.

On 15 June 1945 he was arrested by the Soviets and condemned to death. His sentence was converted to 25 years of hard labor. He was released in 1955 and returned to Germany, after the agreement of Konrad Adenauer with the Soviet Union.

Awards[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Citations
  1. Scherzer 2007, p. 416.
Bibliography
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939-1945. Friedburg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 3-7909-0284-5.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
Military offices
Preceded by
Commander of 389. Infanterie-Division
1 February 1942 – 1 November 1942
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Erich Magnus
Preceded by
Richard Ruoff
Commander of 17. Armee
25 June 1943 – 1 March 1944
Succeeded by
Ferdinand Schörner
Preceded by
Ferdinand Schörner
Commander of 17. Armee
1 April 1944 – 28 April 1944
Succeeded by
Karl Allmendinger


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