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AS532 Cougar
Eurocopter AS532 AL of the Bulgarian Air Force
Role Medium Utility Helicopter
Manufacturer Eurocopter, Helibras and Turkish Aerospace Industries (under licence)[1]
First flight September 1977
Introduction 1978
Status Active in production
Primary users Turkish Air Force
French Air Force
Royal Netherlands Air Force
Produced 1977-present
Developed from Eurocopter AS332
Variants Eurocopter EC725

The Eurocopter AS532 Cougar is a twin-engine, medium-weight, multipurpose helicopter developed by France. The AS532 is a development and upgrade of the Aérospatiale Puma in its militarized form. (Its civilian counterpart is the Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma.) The AS532 has been further developed as the Eurocopter EC725.

Design and development[edit | edit source]

The AS332 Super Puma, designed as a growth version to replace the SA 330 Puma, first flew in September 1977. It was fitted with two 1,330 kW Turbomeca Makila 1A1 turboshaft engines, composite rotor blades, improved landing gear and a modified tailfin.

In 1990 all military Super Puma designations were changed from "AS 332" to "AS 532 Cougar" to distinguish between the civil and military variants of the helicopter.

Canada had considered purchasing the Cougar to replace their CH-113 Labrador, but opted in the end to purchase the CH-149 Cormorant.[2] In 2012 France began a €288.8m project (€11.1m/unit) to upgrade 23 Army Cougars and 3 for the Air Force to address obsolescence issues and to deliver similar avionics to their EC225 and EC725 helicopters.[3]

Variants[edit | edit source]

Chilean Navy Cougar - UNITAS 47-06

AS532 UL/AL
The AS 532 UL/AL is the long version of the Cougar family and is powered by two Turbomeca Makila 1A1 turboshaft engines. It carries a crew of 2 and up to 29 troops or 6 injured passengers on stretchers plus 10 others. As with the other versions of the Cougar, the AS 532 UL/AL can lift 4.5 tons by means of a sling. The Horizon battlefield ground surveillance system can be installed on the AS 532 UL (utility version). The AS 532 AL (armed version) can also be fitted with a variety of weapons, including pod-mounted 20 mm cannons, 68 mm rocket-launchers and side-mounted rapid fire machine-guns.[4]
AS532 SC
The AS 532SC is the naval version of the Cougar family and is powered by two Turbomeca Makila 1A1 turboshaft engines. This version is mainly used for Anti-surface unit warfare (ASUW), fitted with AM 39 Exocet missiles; Anti-submarine warfare (ASW), fitted with a variable-depth sonar and torpedoes; Search and rescue; and Sea patrols. For deck landing, securing at high sea states, maneuver and traverse this variant can be fitted with ASIST.[4]
AS535
French Army Combat Search and Rescue (CSAR or RESCO in French) version.

Operators[edit | edit source]

An Ecuadorian AS532 Cougar

Eurocopter Cougar of Slovenian Army.

 Albania
 Brazil
 Bulgaria
 Chile
 France
 Germany
 Malawi
 Netherlands
 Saudi Arabia
 Slovenia
 Spain
 Turkey
 Venezuela
 Zimbabwe

Notable accidents and incidents[edit | edit source]

  • 25 July 2012 - A Cougar crashed in a steep section of the Verdon Gorge in Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France near the Italian border during a test flight. Six people died, all employees of Eurocopter. Witnesses said the helicopter had hit an electricity cable. The helicopter had been destined for the Albanian Army.[10][11][12]

Specifications (AS532 UB)[edit | edit source]

Orthographically projected diagram of the AS332 Super Puma

Data from Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory[13]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 20 troops
  • Length: 15.53 m (50 ft 11½ in)
  • Rotor diameter: 15.6 m (51 ft 2 in)
  • Height: 4.92 m (16 ft 2 in)
  • Disc area: 206 m² (2,217 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 4,350 kg (9,590 lb)
  • Useful load: 4,650 kg (10,250 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 9,000 kg (19,840 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Turbomeca Makila 1A1 turboshaft, 1,185 kW (1,589 shp) each

Performance

  • Never exceed speed: 278 km/h (150 knots, 173 mph)
  • Maximum speed: 249 km/h (134 knots, 154 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 239 km/h (129 knots, 148 mph)
  • Range: 573 km (310 nm, 357 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 3,450 m (11,319 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 7.2 m/s (1,417 ft/min)

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

Citations[edit | edit source]

  1. http://www.tai.com.tr/prog.aspx?contentDefID=29&page=___Programs__NONE_____INTEGRATED HELICOPTER SYSTEMS__PROGRAM__2___COMPLETED PROGRAMS__NONE_____COUGAR AS-532__PROGRAM__29
  2. Canadian Air Force - CH-149 Cormorant Purhcase and operation details
  3. "Projet de loi de finances pour 2013 : Défense : équipement des forces" (in French). Senate of France. 22 November 2012. http://www.senat.fr/rap/a12-150-8/a12-150-815.html#toc290. Retrieved 2013-11-07. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Endres and Gething 2005, p. 487.
  5. 5.00 5.01 5.02 5.03 5.04 5.05 5.06 5.07 5.08 5.09 5.10 5.11 5.12 "World Air Forces 2013" (pdf). Flightglobal Insight. 2013. http://www.flightglobal.com/airspace/media/reports_pdf/emptys/101015/world-air-forces-2013.pdf. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  6. "World's Air Forces 2004". Flight International. flightglobal.com. p. 59. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/2004/2004-09%20-%202352.html. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  7. "World's Air Forces 2004". Flight International. flightglobal.com. p. 83. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/2004/2004-09%20-%202376.html. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  8. "World's Air Forces 2004". Flight International. flightglobal.com. p. 98. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/2004/2004-09%20-%202391.html. Retrieved 12-March-2013. 
  9. "World's Air Forces 2004". Flight International. flightglobal.com. p. 100. http://www.flightglobal.com/pdfarchive/view/2004/2004-09%20-%202352.html. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  10. http://worldnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2012/07/25/12950715-six-killed-in-helicopter-crash-in-french-alps?lite
  11. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-18989823
  12. http://www.aviationweek.com/Article.aspx?id=/article-xml/awx_07_25_2012_p0-480076.xml
  13. Taylor, M J H (editor) (1999). Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000 Edition. Brassey's. ISBN 1-85753-245-7. 

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Endres, Günter G. and Michael J. Gething. Jane's Aircraft Recognition Guide. HarperCollins UK, 2005. ISBN 0-00718-332-1.

External links[edit | edit source]

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