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European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
EAMECM
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
Awarded by Department of the Army
Department of the Navy
Type Military medal
Eligibility

served in the armed forces between the following dates:

  • between December 7, 1941 and March 2, 1946, for military service, in geographical theater areas of Europe, North Africa, or the Middle East.
Status Inactive
Statistics
First awarded December 7, 1941
Last awarded March 2, 1946
Precedence
Equivalent Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal
American Campaign Medal
Next (lower) World War II Victory Medal
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign ribbon

European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal streamer
ribbon and streamer

The European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal is a military award of the United States Armed Forces which was first created on November 6, 1942 by United States Executive order 9265 [1] issued by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The medal was intended to recognize those military service members who had performed military duty in the European Theater (to include North Africa and the Middle East) during the years of the Second World War. Colored bands representing Germany (on the ribbon's left side), Italy (on the ribbon's right side), and the United States (in the center of the ribbon) are visible in the ribbon. The brown and green areas of the ribbon represent the terrain of the area of conflict, which ranged from beaches and sand, to grass and woodlands, to mountains.

Originally known as the “EAME Ribbon”, the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal is awarded for any service performed between December 7, 1941 and March 2, 1946 provided such service was performed in the geographical theater areas of Europe, North Africa, or the Middle East. For those service members who participated in one or more military campaigns, Service stars are authorized to be worn on the medal. The Arrowhead device is also authorized to be worn on the medal for those who participated in airborne or amphibious assault landings; the Fleet Marine Force Combat Operation Insignia is also authorized for wear on the medal for sailors attached to the Marine Corps.

The following military campaigns are recognized by service stars to the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal.[2]

For those service members who did not participate in a designated battle campaign, the following "blanket campaigns" are authorized to the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal, denoted by service stars

  • Antisubmarine: December 7, 1941 – September 2, 1945
  • Ground Combat: December 7, 1941 – September 2, 1945
  • Air Combat: December 7, 1941 – September 2, 1945

The Pacific Theater counterpart to the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal was the Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal. The European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal was awarded as a service ribbon throughout the entire Second World War and it was not until 1947 that a full sized medal was authorized. The medal was designed by Thomas Hudson Jones. The reverse side was designed by Adolph Alexander Weinman and is the same design as used on the reverse of the Asiatic-Pacific and American Campaign Medals. The first recipient of the European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal was General of the Army Dwight Eisenhower who was presented the medal in recognition of his service as Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force during World War II.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. *Federal Register for Executive Order 9265
  2. Navy and Marine Corps Awards Manual, NAVPERS 15,790 (REV.1953), Part III. - List of Authorized Operations and Engagements, EUROPEAN-AFRICAN-MIDDLE EASTERN AREA

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