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* 1853: American Commodore [[Matthew C. Perry|Matthew Perry]] arrives in Tokyo harbor and forces Japanese to allow trade with American merchants with threat of military action.
 
* 1853: American Commodore [[Matthew C. Perry|Matthew Perry]] arrives in Tokyo harbor and forces Japanese to allow trade with American merchants with threat of military action.
 
* 1858: Western nations force Japan to sign the [[Unequal Treaties]]. These articles established export and import tariffs and the concept of "extraterritoriality" (i.e. Japan held no jurisdiction over foreign criminals in its land. Their trials were to be conducted by foreign judges under their own nation's laws). Japan had no power to change these terms.
 
* 1858: Western nations force Japan to sign the [[Unequal Treaties]]. These articles established export and import tariffs and the concept of "extraterritoriality" (i.e. Japan held no jurisdiction over foreign criminals in its land. Their trials were to be conducted by foreign judges under their own nation's laws). Japan had no power to change these terms.
* 1868: Japan, in an effort to modernize and prevent future Western dominance, ousts the Tokugawa Shogunate and adopts a new Meiji Emperor. The next few decades see arguably the most rapid and successful industrialization of any economy in world history during the Meiji Restoration.
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* 1868: Japan, in an effort to modernize and prevent future Western dominance, ousts the Tokugawa Shogunate and adopts a new Meiji Emperor. The next few decades see arguably the most rapid and successful industrialization of any economy in world history during the [[Meiji Restoration]].
 
* 1899: With newly gained power from recent industrialization, Japan successfully renegotiates aspects of the Unequal Treaties.
 
* 1899: With newly gained power from recent industrialization, Japan successfully renegotiates aspects of the Unequal Treaties.
 
* 1899–1901: The [[Boxer Rebellion]] led China to a humiliating defeat by the [[Eight-Nation Alliance]] of Western powers including the United States and Japan, ceding more territory, and dealing one of the final blows to the struggling Qing Dynasty.
 
* 1899–1901: The [[Boxer Rebellion]] led China to a humiliating defeat by the [[Eight-Nation Alliance]] of Western powers including the United States and Japan, ceding more territory, and dealing one of the final blows to the struggling Qing Dynasty.

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