|Type||Armoured reconnaissance vehicle|
|Place of origin||United Kingdom|
|Wars||Falklands War, Gulf War, Bosnia, Kosovo, 2nd Gulf War, Afghanistan|
|30 mm L21 RARDEN cannon|
sabot, HE, and armor-piercing special effects (APSE) rounds
|Coaxial 7.62 mm L37A1 MG|
|Engine||Cummins BTA 5.9 diesel|
190 hp (142 kW)
FV107 Scimitar is an armoured reconnaissance vehicle (sometimes classed as a light tank) used by the British Army. It is very similar to the FV101 Scorpion but mounts a high velocity 30 mm L21 RARDEN cannon instead of a 76 mm cannon. It was issued to Royal Armoured Corps, Armoured Regiments in the Reconnaissance role. Each Regiment had a Close Reconnaissance Squadron of 5 Troops of 8 FV107 Scimitar.
Development[edit | edit source]
The FV107 Scimitar is one of the CVR(T) series of vehicles and entered service in 1971.
Initially the engine was the Jaguar J60 4.2 litre 6 cylinder petrol engine the same as used by several Jaguar cars. This has now been replaced by a Cummins BTA 5.9 diesel engine in British Army Scimitars, under the CVR(T) Life Extension Program (LEP).
Combat history[edit | edit source]
Along with the FV101 Scorpion, the Scimitar saw active service with the Blues and Royals in the Falklands War of 1982. Their light aluminium construction and low ground pressure gave them excellent manoeuvrability even in the boggiest terrain. During the Battle of Wireless Ridge, Scimitars proved highly effective against several Argentine bunker positions with 30 mm cannon fire, and provided good intelligence on enemy positions by using their night sights. It was also used by British forces on UN and NATO peacekeeping duties in the Former Yugoslavia, Iraq and is currently being used in Afghanistan.
Additional specification[edit | edit source]
- Ground clearance: 0.35 m
- Main armament: 30 mm L21 RARDEN cannon. (Fires at up to 90 rounds per minute)
- Ammunition types:
- Additional defence: 2 x 4 barrel smoke launchers.
- Ammunition stores:
- 30 mm—165 rounds
- 7.62 mm—2,000 rounds (official but in practice as many 200 round boxes as can be stored).
- As with all UK Armoured vehicles, it is equipped with a forced air system, so the crew can lock down in a CBRN environment, for this reason they are equipped with a boiling vessel BV, to cook and make hot drinks, it also has a hole in the center of the commander's seat that can be used as a toilet.
Operators[edit | edit source]
- United Kingdom: 325
The Scimitar is used by the five formation reconnaissance regiments of the British Army. Each regiment has three squadrons each of 12 Scimitars, The Household Cavalry Regiment has an extra squadron to support 16 Air Assault Brigade.
It is also used by the Royal Air Force, in the Bomb Disposal role, giving protection to crews clearing unexploded ordnance. In this employment, the 30mm Rarden gun is used for "projectile attack" (shooting at unexploded bombs to destroy them).
The Scimitar is due to be withdrawn from service starting in 2013.
See also[edit | edit source]
- CVR(T) (combat vehicle reconnaissance - tracked) family of vehicles.
References[edit | edit source]
- Head, Captain Daniel T.. "The 2nd Parachute Battalion’s War in the Falklands: Light Armor Made the Difference in South Atlantic Deployment". Armor (magazine),. Fort Knox, KY: US Army Armor Center. ISSN 0004-2420. https://www.knox.army.mil/center/ocoa/armormag/backissues/1990s/1999/so99/5head99.pdf.
- "Household Cavalry hone their skills in Helmand". UK MoD. July 2008. http://www.mod.uk/DefenceInternet/DefenceNews/MilitaryOperations/InPicturesHouseholdCavalryHoneTheirSkillsInHelmand.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-01.
- "Doug's 'HEAVY METAL' GALLERY". http://www.users.zetnet.co.uk/lsm/dhmg/scorpion.html.
- "UK Defence: British Army estimated operational armoured vehicle fleet". european-defence.co.uk. January 2008. http://www.european-defence.co.uk/uk_army06.html. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
- Ondrejka, Jan; Stojar, Richard (8.3.2004). "Belgian armed forces: trends in development" (PDF). Ministry of Defence of the Czech Republic. Archived from the original on 2011-07-17. http://web.archive.org/web/20110717073435/http://www.army.cz/mo/obrana_a_strategie/2-2003eng/ondrejka.pdf. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
- "La Défense au rapport (French)". page 55. Belgian Ministry of Defence. January 2006. http://www.mil.be/def/doc/viewdoc.asp?LAN=fr&FILE=&ID=568. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
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