|Role||Five-seat cabin monoplane|
|First flight||31 May 1935|
|Primary users||United States Army Air Forces|
United States Navy
Development[edit | edit source]
During 1934 the Fairchild company designed a business or executive aircraft with five seats, designated the Model 45. It first flew on 31 May 1935. The Model 45 was a low-wing cantilever monoplane with a conventional cantilever tail unit and a retractable tailwheel landing gear. The aircraft was powered by a 225 hp (168 kW) Jacobs L-4 radial engine and had a luxury five-seat interior as standard. Flight testing showed that the aircraft performed well, although it was described as sedate.
The company predicted that the Model 45 would have only limited market appeal in that form, therefore only the prototype was built.
Fairchild then upgraded the prototype with a larger engine, the Wright R-760 radial, for evaluation. In this configuration it was designated the Model 45-A. This configuration was placed in production, with about 16 units being completed.
Operational history[edit | edit source]
One aircraft was bought as an executive transport by the United States Navy as the JK-1. After the United States entered the Second World War, two aircraft were impressed into service with the United States Army Air Forces as the UC-88.
In 1997, Greg Herrick requested drawings of a Fairchild 45 tail section for an ongoing restoration project. The request was refused, citing the design was a trade secret. This led to a FOIA request, and lawsuit that was debated in the United States Supreme Court. The effort led to the "Herrick amendment" added to the FAA Air Transportation Modernization and Safety Improvement Act of 2012. The amendment released the ATC type certificate information for 1,257 aircraft first certified in 1927 through the beginning of World War II in 1939.
Variants[edit | edit source]
- One prototype powered by a 225 hp (168 kW) Jacobs L-4 radial engine.
- Production aircraft powered by a 320 hp (239 kW) Wright R-760 radial engine, 16 built.
- One 45-A for the United States Navy.
- Two 45-As impressed into service with the United States Army Air Forces.
Operators[edit | edit source]
Specifications (45-A)[edit | edit source]
Data from Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft 1985
- Crew: one
- Capacity: four passengers
- Length: 30 ft 1 in (9.17 m)
- Height: 8 ft 2 in (2.49 m)
- Wing area: 248 ft2 (23.04 m2)
- Empty weight: 2512 lb (1139 kg)
- Gross weight: 4000 lb (1814 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Wright R-760-E2 7-cylinder radial piston engine, 320 hp (239 kW)
- Maximum speed: 170 mph (274 km/h)
- Range: 650 miles (1046 km)
- Service ceiling: 18,700 ft (5700 m)
See also[edit | edit source]
- List of military aircraft of the United States
- List of military aircraft of the United States (naval)
References[edit | edit source]
Citations[edit | edit source]
- "New FAA Reauthorization Bill Requires the Preservation and Sharing of Vintage Aircraft Data". http://www.prweb.com/releases/FAAReauthorizationBill/VintageAircraftData/prweb9180658.htm. Retrieved February 13, 2012.
- Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft 1985, p. 1655
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
- The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985), 1985, Orbis Publishing
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