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Fanny Hines
Nurse Fanny Hines, 1900
Nurse Fanny Hines, 1900
Born Frances Emma Hines
Apsley, Victoria
Died August 7, 1900(1900-08-07)
Bulawayo, Rhodesia
Cause of death pneumonia
Occupation Nurse

Frances Emma (Fanny) Hines (1864-1900) was a nurse from Victoria, Australia who served in the Boer War. She was the first Australian woman to die on active service.[1][2]

Early life[edit | edit source]

Frances Emma Hines was born in 1864 in Apsley, Victoria, the fourth daughter of Francis Patrick Hines and his wife Eleanor Mary Caroline (née Brewer).[3][4] She attended the Fairlight Private Girls School in East St Kilda (later the Clyde School) and then trained as a nurse at the Melbourne Hospital for Sick Children.[5]

Military service[edit | edit source]

In March 1900, Sister Hines was one of ten trained nurses who travelled on the Euryalus to South Africa with the 3rd Imperial Bushmen's Contingent.[6]

Death[edit | edit source]

Sister Hines was nursing at Enkeldoom with sole responsibility for 26 patients, which damaged her own health. She died on 7 August 1900 from pneumonia aggravated by malnutrition in an army hospital in Bulawayo, Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe).[6] She was buried with full military honours in Bulawayo. A marble cross was placed on her grave, funded by her fellow nurses and Victorian Citizen Bushmen.[7] On 27 September 1901, a tablet to her memory was unveiled by Major-General Downes at Fairlight School, erected through subscriptions of her former classmates.[8]

References[edit | edit source]

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