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Ferret Scout Car
Ferret-Scout-Car-18EA24
Ferret Mk.1/2 in desert finish
Type Wheeled armoured fighting vehicle
Place of origin United Kingdom
Specifications
Weight 3.7 t
Length 12 ft 2 in (3.7 m)
Width 6 ft 3 in (1.91 m)
Height 6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
Crew 2 (commander, driver)

Primary
armament
7.62mm GPMG if fitted
.30 M1919 Browning machine gun
Secondary
armament
none
Engine Rolls Royce B60 Inlet over Exhaust I6 petrol
130 hp (97 kW)
Power/weight 35.1 hp/tonne
Suspension 4x4 wheel
Operational
range
190 mi (310 km)
Speed 58 mph (93 km/h)

The Ferret armoured car, also commonly called the Ferret Scout car, is a British armoured fighting vehicle designed and built for reconnaissance purposes. The Ferret was produced between 1952 and 1971 by the UK company, Daimler. It was widely adopted by regiments in the British Army as well as Commonwealth countries throughout the period.

HistoryEdit

The Ferret was developed in 1949 as a result of the British Army's need to obtain a replacement model for its Second World War light armoured vehicles. Due to the success of their Reconnaissance Scout Car, the "Dingo", Daimler was employed to design and manufacture the Ferret.

The Ferret shared many similar design features with the Dingo and Canadian Ford Lynx, but featured a larger fighting compartment and an optional small machine gun turret. It was built from an all-welded monocoque steel body, making the vehicle lower but also making the drive extremely noisy inside as all the running gear was within the enclosed body with the crew. Four wheel drive was incorporated together with "Run flat" tyres (which kept their shape even if punctured in battle, thus enabling a vehicle to drive to safety.) The turret, though not fitted to all models, carried a single machine gun. Six grenade launchers fitted to the hull (three on each side) could carry smoke grenades.

It is fast and small enough to be used in an urban environment but strong enough to negotiate rugged terrain off road. The Ferret is no longer in service in the British Army, although several Commonwealth countries still operate them to this day. They have been popular with private collectors due to the compact size and affordable price e.g. around $20,000 to $30,000 in the USA, $40,000 to $60,000 in Australia and New Zealand.

In 1975, 3 Ferrets sold at a government surplus auction in Adelaide, South Australia for $900 to $1500 each. Though all were complete (except for gun), only 2 would start and run. Two were bought by farmers and one by a local used car dealer who parked it in his front lot for a few years to attract customers.

ProductionEdit

A total of 4,409 Ferrets, including 16 sub-models under various Mark numbers, were produced between 1952 and 1971. It is possible to upgrade the engine using the more powerful FB60 version from the Austin Princess 4-Litre-R; this upgrade would provide an additional 55 hp over the standard B60 engine.

OperatorsEdit

File:Ferret Scout car operators map.PNG
Ferret Duxford

The interior of a Ferret on display at Imperial War Museum Duxford

Current OperatorsEdit

  • Flag of Burkina Faso.svg Burkina Faso
  • Flag of India.svg India
  • Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia
  • Flag of Jordan.svg Jordan
  • Flag of Madagascar.svg Madagascar
  • Flag of Myanmar.svg Myanmar - 45
  • Flag of Nepal.svg   Nepal - 40
  • Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan - 90 in service with the Pakistan Army.[1]
  • Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg Saint Kitts and Nevis - 3
  • Sudan Sudan
  • Flag of Zambia.svg Zambia - 2[2]

Former OperatorsEdit

  • Flag of Australia.svg Australia
  • Flag of Canada.svg Canada - 124, (1954-1981)
  • Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia - 1 museum example during Croatian War of Independence
  • Flag of France.svg France during the Algerian war
  • Flag of Ghana.svg Ghana
  • Flag of Hong Kong (1959–1997).svg Hong Kong
  • Flag of Iran.svg Iran
  • Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica
  • Flag of Lebanon.svg Lebanon - 20 supplied by Jordan in the late 1970s/early 1980s.
  • Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia
  • Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand
  • Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines
  • Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal
  • Flag of Rhodesia (1968–1979).svg Rhodesia[3]
  • South Africa South Africa
  • Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka
  • Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
  • Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates
  • 23x15px Uganda[4]
  • Flag of the United Nations.svg United Nations - UN provided 12 new Ferret Mk2s to Irish peacekeepers with ONUC in the Congo in 1962.
  • Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe

VariantsEdit

UNFerretBovington

A United Nations Ferret on display at Bovington Tank Museum

There are several Marks of Ferret, including those with varying equipment, turret or no turret and armed with Swingfire anti-tank missiles. Including all the marks and experimental variants there have probably been over 60 different vehicles.

Mk 1
MK 1/1
  • Fitted with thicker side and rear hull plates during manufacture
  • Sealed hull for fording
  • Armament .30 Browning MG
Mk 1/2
  • As Mk 1/1 but fitted with fixed turret with hinged roof door
  • Crew of three
  • Armament Bren LMG, later GPMG
Mk 1/2
  • As Mk 1/1 but fitted with flotation screen
  • Armament .30 Browning MG
Armored-car-batey-haosef-7-1

Mk 2 Ferret in Batey ha-Osef museum, Israel.

Mk 2
  • Original reconnaissance vehicle with 2-door turret from Alvis Saracen APC
  • Armament .30 Browning MG
Mk 2/1
  • Original Mk 1 with 2-door turret from Alvis Saracen APC
  • Armament .30 Browning MG with Bren LMG stowage
Mk 2/2
  • Original Mk 1 with extension collar and 3-door turret
  • Armament .30 Browning MG
Mk 2/3
  • As original Mk 2 but fitted with thicker side and rear hull plates during manufacture
  • Armament .30 Browning MG
Mk 2/4
  • Original Mk 2 but fitted with welded-on appliqué on side and rear of hull and turret
  • Armament .30 Browning MG
Mk 2/5
  • As Mk 1 fitted with appliqué plates as the Mk 2/4
  • Armament .30 Browning MG with Bren LMG stowage
MK 2/6
  • FV703
  • As Mk 2/3 converted as carrier for *Vigilant antitank missile
  • Armament .30 Browning MG and four missiles mounted in boxes, two on each side of turret
  • Used by British Army and Abu Dhabi
Mk 2/7
  • FV701
  • As Mk 2/6 stripped of anti-tank missiles after Vigilant withdrawn from service
Mk 3
  • Basic hull for Mk 4 and 5
  • Larger wheels
  • Heavier armour
  • Stronger suspension
  • Flotation screen
Mk 4
  • FV711
  • Reconnaissance vehicle with 2-door turret from Alvis Saracen APC
  • Also Mk 2/3 rebuilt to new specification
  • Armament .30 Browning MG
Ferret Mk5 1 Bovington

Ferret Mk 5 at Bovington Tank Museum

Mk 5
  • FV712
  • Mk 3 hull with unusual wide flat turret for Swingfire anti-tank missiles and L7 GPMG
Ferret 80

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit



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