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Fiat G.12
Role Civil airliner & military transport
Manufacturer Fiat
Designer Giuseppe Gabrielli
First flight 15 October 1940
Introduction 1941
Primary users Regia Aeronautica
Royal Hungarian Air Force
Produced 1941-1944
Number built 30

The Fiat G.12 was an Italian transport aircraft of World War II.

Design and development[edit | edit source]

The G.12 was an all-metal low-wing cantilever personnel transport aircraft. It had three radial engines, one mounted on the fuselage nose and the other two in wing-mounted nacelles. The engines drove three-blade feathering metal propellers. The mainwheels of its landing gear retracted into the nacelles; the tailwheel was fixed. The flight deck and cabin were fully enclosed. Access was via a port-side access door aft of the wing.

The G.12 was designed as a civil aircraft, but served mainly in military roles during the war. Only a limited number were built, some as late as 1944, after the Italian armistice. The G.12 inspired the postwar G.212 "Flying Classroom", the last Italian three-engine transporter. Crew:4

Variants[edit | edit source]

14-passenger transport aircraft, powered by three 574 kW (770 hp) Fiat A.74 RC 42 radial engines.
G.12 Gondar
Long-range cargo transport aircraft.
Long-range transport aircraft, fitted with extra fuel tanks. Three built.
Special long-range version, built to fly between Rome and Tokyo. One built.
One built.
Troop and cargo transport aircraft.
18-passenger commercial airliner, powered by three Alfa Romeo 128 radial engines.
22-passenger commercial airliner.
22-passenger commercial airliner, powered by three Alfa Romeo 128 radial engines.
22-passenger commercial airliner, powered by three 604 kW (810 hp) Bristol Pegasus 48 radial engines.
22-passenger commercial airliner, powered by three 793 kW (1,065 hp) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-S1C3-G Twin Wasp radial engines.

Operators[edit | edit source]

Military operators

Specifications[edit | edit source]

Data from World Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft [1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 4
  • Capacity: 14 troops or 24 civilians
  • Length: 20.10 m (65 ft 11 in)
  • Wingspan: 28.60 m (93 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 4.90 m (16 ft 1 in)
  • Wing area: 113 m² (1,215 sq ft[2])
  • Empty weight: 9,420 kg (20,725 lb[2])
  • Loaded weight: 15,000 kg (33,100 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × Fiat A.74 RC.42 14 cylinder air cooled radial engines, 574 kW (800 hp) each


  • Maximum speed: 390 km/h (242 mph) at 5,000 m (16,400 ft)
  • Cruise speed: 303 km/h (188 mph[2])
  • Range: 2,300 km (1,430 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 8,500 m (27,900 ft)


See also[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Angelucci 1981, p.349.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Stroud 1994, p.68.

References[edit | edit source]

  • Angelucci, Enzo The World Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft. London:Jane's Publishing, 1981. ISBN 0-7106-0148-4.
  • Angelucci, Enzo The World Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, London, 1987.
  • Stroud, John. "Post War Propliners : Fiat G.12 and G.212". Aeroplane Monthly. Volume 23 No. 1, January 1994. London: IPC. Page 64-68.

External links[edit | edit source]

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