|Role||Civil airliner & military transport|
|First flight||15 October 1940|
|Primary users||Regia Aeronautica|
Royal Hungarian Air Force
The Fiat G.12 was an Italian transport aircraft of World War II.
Design and development[edit | edit source]
The G.12 was an all-metal low-wing cantilever personnel transport aircraft. It had three radial engines, one mounted on the fuselage nose and the other two in wing-mounted nacelles. The engines drove three-blade feathering metal propellers. The mainwheels of its landing gear retracted into the nacelles; the tailwheel was fixed. The flight deck and cabin were fully enclosed. Access was via a port-side access door aft of the wing.
The G.12 was designed as a civil aircraft, but served mainly in military roles during the war. Only a limited number were built, some as late as 1944, after the Italian armistice. The G.12 inspired the postwar G.212 "Flying Classroom", the last Italian three-engine transporter. Crew:4
Variants[edit | edit source]
- 14-passenger transport aircraft, powered by three 574 kW (770 hp) Fiat A.74 RC 42 radial engines.
- G.12 Gondar
- Long-range cargo transport aircraft.
- Long-range transport aircraft, fitted with extra fuel tanks. Three built.
- Special long-range version, built to fly between Rome and Tokyo. One built.
- One built.
- Troop and cargo transport aircraft.
- 18-passenger commercial airliner, powered by three Alfa Romeo 128 radial engines.
- 22-passenger commercial airliner.
- 22-passenger commercial airliner, powered by three Alfa Romeo 128 radial engines.
- 22-passenger commercial airliner, powered by three 604 kW (810 hp) Bristol Pegasus 48 radial engines.
- 22-passenger commercial airliner, powered by three 793 kW (1,065 hp) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-S1C3-G Twin Wasp radial engines.
Operators[edit | edit source]
- Royal Hungarian Air Force operated 12 aircraft
Specifications[edit | edit source]
Data from World Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft 
- Crew: 4
- Capacity: 14 troops or 24 civilians
- Length: 20.10 m (65 ft 11 in)
- Wingspan: 28.60 m (93 ft 10 in)
- Height: 4.90 m (16 ft 1 in)
- Wing area: 113 m² (1,215 sq ft)
- Empty weight: 9,420 kg (20,725 lb)
- Loaded weight: 15,000 kg (33,100 lb)
- Powerplant: 3 × Fiat A.74 RC.42 14 cylinder air cooled radial engines, 574 kW (800 hp) each
- Maximum speed: 390 km/h (242 mph) at 5,000 m (16,400 ft)
- Cruise speed: 303 km/h (188 mph)
- Range: 2,300 km (1,430 mi)
- Service ceiling: 8,500 m (27,900 ft)
- Guns: 2 × 7.7 mm (.303 in) Breda-SAFAT machine guns
See also[edit | edit source]
- Fiat G.212
- Junkers Ju 52
- Douglas DC-3
- SM.79 Sparviero
- Savoia-Marchetti SM.81
- List of aircraft of World War II
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Angelucci 1981, p.349.
- Stroud 1994, p.68.
References[edit | edit source]
- Angelucci, Enzo The World Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft. London:Jane's Publishing, 1981. ISBN 0-7106-0148-4.
- Angelucci, Enzo The World Encyclopedia of Military Aircraft, London, 1987.
- Stroud, John. "Post War Propliners : Fiat G.12 and G.212". Aeroplane Monthly. Volume 23 No. 1, January 1994. London: IPC. Page 64-68.
[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fiat aircraft.|
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|