|Japanese Fifty-Sixth Army|
|Active||April 21, 1945 - August 15, 1945|
|Country||Empire of Japan|
|Branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
The Japanese 56th Army was formed on April 21, 1945 under the Japanese 16th Area Army as part of the last desperate defense effort by the Empire of Japan to deter possible landings of Allied forces in northern Kyūshū during Operation Downfall. The Japanese 56th Army was based in Iizuka city, Fukuoka Prefecture. It consisted mostly of poorly trained reservists, conscripted students and Volunteer Fighting Corps home guard militia. It was demobilized at the surrender of Japan on August 15, 1945 without having seen combat.
List of Commanders
|Commanding officer||Lieutenant General Ichiro Shichida||15 April 1945||15 August 1945|
|Chief of Staff||Major General Uichi Naiya||15 April 1945||29 August 1945|
- Drea, Edward J. (1998). "Japanese Preparations for the Defense of the Homeland & Intelligence Forecasting for the Invasion of Japan". In the Service of the Emperor: Essays on the Imperial Japanese Army. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-1708-0.
- Frank, Richard B (1999). Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-41424-X.
- Jowett, Bernard (1999). The Japanese Army 1931-45 (Volume 2, 1942-45). Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-354-3.
- Madej, Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937-1945. Game Publishing Company. ASIN: B000L4CYWW.
- Marston, Daniel (2005). The Pacific War Companion: From Pearl Harbor to Hiroshima. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-882-0.
- Skates, John Ray (1994). The Invasion of Japan: Alternative to the Bomb Downfall. New York: University of South Carolina Press. ISBN 0-87249-972-3.
- Wendel, Marcus. "Axis History Factbook". Japanese Fifty-Sixth Army. http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=7701.
- Ammenthorp, Steen. "Shichida Ichiro". The Generals of World War II. http://www.generals.dk/general/Shichida/Ichiro/Japan.html.
|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|