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==Design==
 
==Design==
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Floatplanes have often been derived from land-based aircraft, with fixed floats mounted under the fuselage instead of retractable undercarriage (featuring wheels).
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Floatplanes have often been derived from land-based aircraft, with fixed floats mounted under the fuselage instead of retractable undercarriage (featuring wheels).
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All floatplanes tend to be less stable on water than flying boats.<ref>[http://www.canadianflight.org/history/billt03.htm Floatplane history]</ref> However, in small aircraft design, floatplanes offer an advantage over flying boats, as the hull (i .e. the lower part of the fuselage) of floatplanes does not make contact with water surfaces, permitting a conventionally mounted single piston engine, with a propellor, in the nose.
 
All floatplanes tend to be less stable on water than flying boats.<ref>[http://www.canadianflight.org/history/billt03.htm Floatplane history]</ref> However, in small aircraft design, floatplanes offer an advantage over flying boats, as the hull (i .e. the lower part of the fuselage) of floatplanes does not make contact with water surfaces, permitting a conventionally mounted single piston engine, with a propellor, in the nose.
   
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* "twin float" designs, with one float mounted beneath each wing.
 
* "twin float" designs, with one float mounted beneath each wing.
   
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The main advantage of the single float design is its capability for [[landing]]s in rough water: a long central float is directly attached to the fuselage, this being the strongest part of the aircraft structure, while the smaller floats under the outer wings provide the aircraft with good lateral stability. By comparison, dual floats restrict handling, often to waves as little as one foot (0.3 metres) in height.<ref>[http://www.nasm.si.edu/research/aero/aircraft/aradoar.htm NASM research]</ref> However, twin float designs facilitate [[mooring (watercraft)|mooring]] and [[boarding (transport)|boarding]], and &ndash; in the case of [[bomber]]s &ndash; leave the belly free to carry a large bomb or [[torpedo]].
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The main advantage of the single float design is its capability for [[landing]]s in rough water: a long central float is directly attached to the fuselage, this being the strongest part of the aircraft structure, while the smaller floats under the outer wings provide the aircraft with good lateral stability. By comparison, dual floats restrict handling, often to [[wave]]s as little as one foot (0.3 metres) in height.<ref>[http://www.nasm.si.edu/research/aero/aircraft/aradoar.htm NASM research]</ref> However, twin float designs facilitate [[mooring (watercraft)|mooring]] and [[boarding (transport)|boarding]], and &ndash; in the case of [[bomber]]s &ndash; leave the belly free to carry a large bomb or [[torpedo]].
   
 
==History==
 
==History==

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