|Fw 44 Stieglitz|
|A Focke-Wulf Fw 44J in 2005.|
|First flight||Late summer 1932|
The Focke-Wulf Fw 44 is a 1930s German two-seat biplane known as the Stieglitz ("Goldfinch"). It was produced by the Focke-Wulf company as a pilot training and sport flying aircraft. It was also eventually built under license in several other countries.
Design and development[edit | edit source]
The Fw 44 was designed as a biplane with conventional layout and straight, non-tapered wings. Its two open cockpits were arranged in tandem, and both cockpits were equipped with flight controls and instruments. The Fw 44 had fixed tailwheel landing gear. It employed ailerons on both upper and lower wings. It did not use flaps. It was flown with a Siemens-Halske Sh 14 radial engine.
The first prototype flew in 1932. After many tests and modifications to increase the plane's durability and aerodynamics, the final Fw 44 proved to have excellent airworthiness.
A second version of the Fw 44 was the Fw 44B, which had an Argus As 8 four-cylinder inverted inline air-cooled engine of 90 kW (120 hp). The cowling for this engine gave the plane a more slender, aerodynamic nose.
20 Fw 44s purchased by China were modified for combat missions and participated in the early stage of the Second Sino-Japanese War until all were lost in action.
The last series version was Fw 44J, which was sold or built on license in several countries around the world. It was equipped with a seven-cylinder Siemens-Halske Sh 14 radial engine.
Variants[edit | edit source]
- Fw 44B
- Fw 44C
- Main production version with minor equipment changes, powered by a seven-cyclinder Siemens-Halske Sh 14a radial piston engine.
- Fw 44D
- Fw 44E
- Fw 44F
- Fw 44J
- Final production model, powered by a seven-cylinder Siemens-Halske Sh 14a radial piston engine.
Operators[edit | edit source]
- Czechoslovakian Air Force (Postwar)
- SFR Yugoslav Air Force - Postwar.
Specifications (Fw 44)[edit | edit source]
Data from Holmes, 2005. p. 79.
- Crew: two, student and instructor
- Length: 7.30 m (23 ft 11 in)
- Wingspan: 9.0 m (29 ft 6 in)
- Height: 2.80 m (9 ft 2 in)
- Wing area: 20 m² (215.2 ft²)
- Empty weight: 565 kg (1,243 lb)
- Loaded weight: 770 kg (1,694 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 785 kg (1,727 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Siemens Sh 14 A-4 7-cylinder radial engine, 118 kW at 2,100 rpm (160 hp)
- Maximum speed: 185 km/h (115 mi)
- Range: 550 km (340 mi)
- Service ceiling: 3,900 m (12,790 ft)
- Rate of climb: 17 m/s (56 ft/s)
References[edit | edit source]
- Holmes, 2005. p. 79.
- Holmes, Tony (2005). Jane's Vintage Aircraft Recognition Guide. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-719292-4.
[edit | edit source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Focke-Wulf Fw 44.|
- Musee volant de l'Amicale Jean-Baptiste Salis
- Commemorative Air Force
- Biplanes.de's Fw 44 D-EMMI Stieglitz Photo Page (in German)
- YouTube's D-EMMI Stieglitz Takeoff at Eisenhardt airshow in 2010
- Biplanes.de's 85th Anniversary of Focke-Wulf's founding Stieglitz Fly-In Page (in German)
- Clipwings.com's "Focke-Wulf Stieglitz-The Joyride" video
- Audio recording of the Focke-Wulf Fw 44
- 1944 dated Finnish manual for the Fw 44
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