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Fw 44 Stieglitz
Focke Wulf Fw 44 J Stieglitz 1.jpg
A Focke-Wulf Fw 44J in 2005.
Role biplane trainer
National origin Germany
Manufacturer Focke-Wulf
First flight Late summer 1932[1]

The Focke-Wulf Fw 44 is a 1930s German two-seat biplane known as the Stieglitz ("Goldfinch"). It was produced by the Focke-Wulf company as a pilot training and sport flying aircraft. It was also eventually built under license in several other countries.

Design and developmentEdit

The Fw 44 was designed as a biplane with conventional layout and straight, non-tapered wings. Its two open cockpits were arranged in tandem, and both cockpits were equipped with flight controls and instruments. The Fw 44 had fixed tailwheel landing gear. It employed ailerons on both upper and lower wings. It did not use flaps. It was flown with a Siemens-Halske Sh 14 radial engine.

The first prototype flew in 1932.[1] After many tests and modifications to increase the plane's durability and aerodynamics, the final Fw 44 proved to have excellent airworthiness.

A second version of the Fw 44 was the Fw 44B, which had an Argus As 8 four-cylinder inverted inline air-cooled engine of 90 kW (120 hp).[1] The cowling for this engine gave the plane a more slender, aerodynamic nose.

20 Fw 44s purchased by China were modified for combat missions and participated in the early stage of the Second Sino-Japanese War until all were lost in action.

The last series version was Fw 44J, which was sold or built on license in several countries around the world. It was equipped with a seven-cylinder Siemens-Halske Sh 14 radial engine.

VariantsEdit

Stieglitzc 2008

FW44J G-STIG at Old Warden 2008

Fw 44B
Fw 44C
Main production version with minor equipment changes, powered by a seven-cyclinder Siemens-Halske Sh 14a radial piston engine.
Fw 44D
Fw 44E
Fw 44F
Fw 44J
Final production model, powered by a seven-cylinder Siemens-Halske Sh 14a radial piston engine.

OperatorsEdit

Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina
Flag of Austria.svg Austria
Flag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China (1912–1949)
Flag of Chile.svg Chile
Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
Flag of Finland.svg Finland
Flag of German Reich (1935–1945).svg Germany
Flag of Hungary (1915-1918, 1919-1946).svg Hungary
Flag of Poland.svg Poland
Flag of Romania.svg Romania
Flag of Slovakia (1939–1945).svg Slovakia
Flag of Spain.svg Spain
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey : 1937 - 1962)
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Yugoslavia

Specifications (Fw 44)Edit

Data from Holmes, 2005. p. 79.

General characteristics
  • Crew: two, student and instructor
  • Length: 7.30 m (23 ft 11 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.0 m (29 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 2.80 m (9 ft 2 in)
  • Wing area: 20 m² (215.2 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 565 kg (1,243 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 770 kg (1,694 lb)
  • Max. takeoff weight: 785 kg (1,727 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Siemens Sh 14 A-4 7-cylinder radial engine, 118 kW at 2,100 rpm (160 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 185 km/h (115 mi)
  • Range: 550 km (340 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 3,900 m (12,790 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 17 m/s (56 ft/s)

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Holmes, 2005. p. 79.
Bibliography
  • Holmes, Tony (2005). Jane's Vintage Aircraft Recognition Guide. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-719292-4. 

External linksEdit

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